Agricultural Science

Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 12th March, 2019 @ 08:28

Topics in Agricultural Science

Prevention and Control of Crop Pests Economic Importance of Crop Pests Classification of Insect Pests and their Economic Importance Agricultural Machines and their Uses Soil Erosion: Causes of Soil Erosion Ways to prevent Soil Erosion Asexual Propagation in Plants, Types and Examples Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Third Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (P - Q) Agricultural Terms: Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q), part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture Agricultural pest and Crops attacked Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (I - O)

Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Which of the following is not a function of the Wholesaler?

  • A. Storage function

  • B. Distributive function

  • C. Relates with final consumer

  • D. Specialization function

  • E. Carries out the packaging and branding of products

  • F. Financing Function

Chemicals generally used to kill pest are called _____.

  • A. Insecticides

  • B. Avicides

  • C. Pesticides

  • D. Rodenticides

  • E. Fungicides

  • F. All of the above

The following are physical methods of controlling crop pest except _____.

  • A. Placing hen in farmlands to eat insects

  • B. Setting up traps to catch rats and rodents

  • C. Fencing the farmland

  • D. Erecting gates on the farmland

  • E. Use of guns to kill monkeys

  • F. Hand picking

A female chicken less than one year old is referred to as a _____.

  • A. Poult
  • B. Pullet
  • C. Poulta
  • D. Chicken
  • E. Hen
  • F. Fowl

Small plants that grow via vegetative propagation from the parent plants are called _____.

  • A. Child Plants
  • B. Crop Plants
  • C. Plant Crops
  • D. Croplets
  • E. Plantlets
  • F. Progeny

The female part of the flower comprising the stigma, style and ovary is the _____.

  • A. Ovule
  • B. Androecium
  • C. Stamen
  • D. Petal
  • E. Sepal
  • F. Pistil

Which of the following food is best preserved through pasteurization?

  • A. Rice
  • B. Beans
  • C. Coconut
  • D. Meat
  • E. Milk
  • F. Tomatoes

The total number of parasites that are present in a host organism is termed _____.

  • A. Parasite
  • B. Parasite Count
  • C. Parasite Number
  • D. Parasite Load
  • E. Parasite Value
  • F. Parasite Figure



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Agriculture in Nigeria:

Before the discovery of oil in Nigeria, The agricultural sector was the major source of foreign exchange and largest employer of labour. Even now, it remains the largest employment means in Nigeria considering the fact that it is the major source of income in rural communities.

Note: Regardless of the above fact, Nigeria is still known for the importation of agricultural produce like rice, chicken, turkey and fish.

The reasons behind agricultural underproduction in Nigeria is the main point of this article.

Below are some of the Agricultural Problems in Nigeria:


  • Lack of Mechanized Farming

Mechanized farming is the process of using agricultural machinery on agricultural activities which greatly increases the farm work output.

Please read on Agricultural tools / Machines and their uses here.

Nowadays, agricultural machinery has replaced many manual processes and animals such as oxen, horses, donkeys and mules.

Within the rural communities in Nigeria, farmers still utilizes a cutlass for clearing grasses and hoe for digging and making ridges in large farmlands.

The use of the aformentioned crude techniques on large farmlands will greatly slow down agricultural processes and output.


  • Government Policies

Before now, the government policies on agriculture had been very unfavourable to farmers. This is so because the budgetary allocation to the Nation's agricutural sector was quite small. As a result, we saw massive importation and smuggling of various agricultural products.

In 2017, we saw policies that encouraged rice production among the different states in Nigeria.

Please read on Characteristics, Functions and Importance of Government here.


  • High cost of fertilizers

A fertilizer is a chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to increase or improve its fertility.

This cost of fertilizers in Nigeria is quite expensive. As a result, the rural petty farmers are unable to purchase them.

Subsidizing fertilizers and other agricutural materials by the Federal and State Governments will go a long way in boosting agriculture in Nigeria.

Please read on Consumer Right and Protection here.


  • Lack of Education

Education is the future of any Nation.

The majority of farmers in Nigeria are uneducated and this has lead to poor/reduced agricultural produce.

Please read on Meaning, Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.

Improper pest control, use of poor seedlings and poor understanding of plants' physiology are among the attributes of poor agricultural education.


  • Lack of Storage facilities

The lack of agricultural storage facilities has lead to the decay of excess agricultural produce in Nigeria.

The quality of various agricultural produce are reduced while others are lost to pest.

Please read on Agricultural Pest, Crops attacked and their Economic Importance here.


  • Bad Road Network

Land Mode of transportation is the major path to the circulation of agricultural produce within Nigeria.

Note: Road is one of the means of transportation under "Land mode of transportation".

In addition, the railway system in Nigeria is not significantly developed.

Please read on Land Mode of Transportation here.

Transportation of agricultural produce is mainly by road in Nigeria. The bad quality of these roads had constantly lead to a decreased amount of produce reaching the market.

Loss of agricultural produce may also result from accident and theft on these roads.


  • Poor Research Facilities

There are little or no Agricultural Research Centers in Nigeria and as a result, these farmers lack the technical knowhow on how to go about their daily business.

Please read on the Roles of Government in. Agriculture here.

The lack of functioning Agricultural Research Centers in the Nation accounts for the underdevelopment and little progress in our agricultural sector.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments 🤔

Squirrels do plant more 🌲 trees 🌲 (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them 😁

🐄 Cows 🐄 have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows 🐄 🐄 🐄  is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd

NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Some example of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on Carnivorous Plants here