English

Synonyms: Meaning and Examples of Synonyms

len Alfred Ajibola - Sat, 20th April, 2019 @ 12:29

Topics in English

Phrase: Types of Phrase Clause and Types of Clause explained Essay: How to write the major types of essay Nouns, Adjectives and Examples of Nouns formed from Adjectives Homonyms - Meaning and Examples of Homonyms Idioms and Examples of Idioms Synonyms: Meaning and Examples of Synonyms Figures of Speech: Meaning, Examples and Types of Figure of Speech Relative pronouns and Compound Relative Pronouns explained with Examples Transitive and Intransitive Verbs explained with Examples Phrase explained with examples Essay: Formal, Semi-Formal and Informal Essays explained


Academic Questions in English

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Peter and Paul are always fighting _____.

  • A. themselves
  • B. each other
  • C. one another
  • D. the other

The young lady _____ tears when she heard about the disaster.

  • A. broke out into
  • B. broke out
  • C. broke into
  • D. broke off
  • E. broke down with
  • F. broke out with

The man is consistently assertive while his son is rather _____.

From the options below, which word correctly fills the gap and is also opposite to the underlined word.

  • A. reserved
  • B. respectful
  • C. cautious
  • D. open minded
  • E. cowardly
  • F. brave

The plural form of advice is _____.

  • A. advices
  • B. advise
  • C. advice
  • D. advicies
  • E. advicer
  • F. advicers

Idioms are best defined as _____.

  • A. Sentences that are logically reversed
  • B. Words that relate to a specific sentence
  • C. A clause containing two or more phrases
  • D. Phrases whose meaning does not contain the individual words it contain
  • E. Illogical words with logical meanings
  • Rational words with partial meaning as used in the sentence

Her followers on social media considered her to be reprobate unlike her twin sister whom many see as being _____.

From the options below, which word correctly fills the gap and is also opposite to the underlined word.

  • A. godly
  • B. morally upright
  • C. prudent
  • D. conservative
  • E. cautious
  • F. diligent

Words with same spelling, same sound and different meanings are referred to as _____.

  • A. Homonyms
  • B. Homographs
  • C. Homophones
  • D. Synonyms
  • E. Antonyms
  • F. Homophobes

A man who writes a book is called an author. A woman who writes a book is called an _____.

  • A. author
  • B. authoress
  • C. authorite
  • D. authority
  • E. authress
  • F. auther

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What is a synonym?

A synonym is a word or a phrase or an expression that has an exact or closely related meaning with another word or phrase or expression.

Please read on Phrases and Clauses here.

Words or phrase that has an exact or closely related meaning are said to be synonymous; For instance, we could say:

  • My belly is full is synonymous to My stomach is filled.

There are so many synonymous words in English language. One may be asked in an English Examination to choose an answer that is nearest in meaning to the question of interest. Having a good idea of symnonyms will aid us with such questions.

See English Past Questions and Answers, WAEC, 1990 here.

Please read on Idioms here.

Below are some synonymous words, that is, (words with similar meaning):

Hi - Hello

Start – Begin – Commence

Lucky – Fortunate

Lookalike - Similar

Mother – Mom – Mummy

Overseas – Abroad

Full - Filled

Heal – Cure

Accomplish – Achieve

Bizarre – Weird

Right – Correct

Sick – Ill

Exit – Leave

Add – Plus

Subtract – Minus

Rich – Wealthy

Reach – Arrive

Massacre – Bloodbath

Close – Near

Close – Shut

Innocent – Blameless

Kids - Children

Silly – Foolish

On purpose – Intentionally

Curler – Roller

Reply – Answer

Intentional – Deliberate

Backside – Bum

Disclaimer – Denial

Comfortable - Cozy

Categorize – Classify

Eternal – Everlasting

Via – Through

Thank you – Thanks

Final - Last

Yeah – Yes

Fate – Destiny

Believe – Faith

Commencement – Graduation

Evil – Wicked

Satan – Devil

Stress – Emphasize

Stupid – Dull

Committed – Dedicated

Versus – Against

Above – Over

Perplex – Confused

Enormous – Huge – Immense

Support – Corroborate

Ratify – Confirm

Pain – Agony

Settle – Resolve

Classify – Categorize

Characteristics – Features

Shame – Disgrace

Respect – Honour

Comfort – Consolation

Famous – Popular

Disappear – Vanish

Crazy – Mad

Please read on Figures of Speech here.

See Literature in English Past Questions and Answers, JAMB, 1979 here.

Note the followings:


  • Antonyms are words or phrase or expressions with opposite meanings; for example:
  • Boy | Girl


  • Homonyms are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but have different meanings; for example:
  • Bark (of a tree) and Bark (sound from a dog)


  • Heteronyms are words that are spelt the same way but pronounced differently; for example:
  • Bow (to show respect) and Bow (of an arrow)


  • Homophones are two or more words that are pronounced the same way (They sound the same way) but they have different meanings, spellings and origins; for example:
  • Ate (past tense of eat) and Eight (the number 8)

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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NOTABLE POINTS IN English

Homonyms are words with the same spellings, same sounds but different meanings.

Below are some sentences containing homonyms with their respective meanings

  • Keen

We have a keen match against Ronaldo’s team and Messi seems to be keen.

Keen: An involvement of people competing very hard for something.
Keen: Very interested in something.

 

  • Tear

Regardless the tear you shed, Mr. Frank will still tear your examination scripts.

Tear: The drop of liquid that comes out from a person's eye when they cry.
Tear: To damage something by pulling or cutting it apart.

 

  • Jot

There isn't any jot of truth in what he said, so I didn't jot  anything down.

Jot: A very small amount of somethin

Jot: To write something quickly

Please read more on Homonyms here

Certain words in English language appear to be similar but are quite different in meaning.

The table below shows some examples

 Childlike

 Childish

 Stimulus

 Stimulant

 Destructible

 Destructive

 Negligible

 Negligent

 Comprehensible

 Comprehensive

You can check out the difference in meanings of the words above.

Note: Synonyms are different words with similar meanings. Please read on synonyms here.

Some words always exist in the plural form. Examples of such words are:

  • Scissors
  • Shears
  • Alms
  • News
  • Trousers

Possessive adjective tells you the owner of a thing. For instance;

This is his car.

His” in the above statement is describing him as the owner of the car; and this makes “his” a possessive adjective.

That is your bag.

Your” is a possessive adjective in the above statement.

Note: An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

Possessive pronouns show possession. A possessive pronoun will always correspond to with each of the personal pronouns. For Instance

I own the book. (“I” is a personal pronoun)

The book is mine. (“Mine” is the possessive pronoun)

She owns a car. (“She” is a personal pronoun)

The car is hers. (“Hers” is the possessive pronoun)