Basic Science

African Star Apple, Agbalumo or Udara: Importance and Benefits

len Alfred Ajibola - 06th February, 2019 @ 11:15 AM

Topics in Basic Science

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Academic Questions in Basic Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Vaccination involves a process of introducing pathogens or germs into a person in order to prevent such person from the diseases they cause.

  • A. True

  • B. False

With regards to the human health, foreign bodies are best regarded as _____.

  • A. International bodies

  • B. Antilators

  • C. Antibodies

  • D. Antigens

  • E. Antibiotics

  • F. Antidotes

Disease causing organisms are termed _____.

  • A. Pests

  • B. Pathogens

  • C. Vectors

  • D. Insects

  • E. Disease carriers

  • F. All the above options are correct

____ is formed from a reaction utilizing oxygen and glucose in the mitochondria of cells.

  • A. Galactose

  • B. Fructose

  • C. Sucrose

  • D. AMP

  • E. ADP

  • F. ATP

Which of the following statement is false concerning carbohydrates?

  • A. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen only

  • B. Carbon has the highest ratio of the constituent elements of carbohydrates

  • C. All carbohydrates are sugars

  • D. Fructose is a carbohydrate

  • E. Natural milk contains lactose and it's a carbohydrate

  • F. Fatty foods contains high calories of energy when compared to the same quantity of carbohydrate foods

Which of the following is a class of food?

  • A. Water

  • B. Fibre

  • C. Roughages

  • D. Latex

  • E. Tanins

  • F. Wax

Brachiation is a specialized form of movement exhibited by _____.

  • A. Human beings

  • B. Babbons

  • C. Chameleons

  • D. Toads

  • E. Millipedes

  • F. Birds

_____ is a form of locomotion whereby an organism move by means of its two hind limbs.

  • A. Pedalism

  • B. Duo Pedalism

  • C. Double Pedalism

  • D. Dual Pedalism

  • E. Bipedalism

  • F. Copedalism

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African Star Apple:

The African Star Apple which is fondly called African Cherry, Agbalumo or Udara (in Nigeria) is a seasonal fruit that's grown in West African countries like Nigeria and Ghana.

Apart from the fact that it's enjoyable when taken, it also contains important vitamins and minerals needed by the body for it's normal functioning.

Please read on Mineral Salts; their Sources, Functions and Deficiencies.

Below is an image of the African Star Apple:

African Star Apple or Agbalumo or Udara- Len Academy

 

Benefit of the African Star Apple

Below are some benefits of the African Star Apple


  • It contains a high amount of vitamin C

Vitamin C serves the following functions in the human body:

  1. Combats high blood pressure.
  2. Lowers the risk of heart disease.
  3. Prevents gout (arthritis).
  4. Enhance iron absorption in the small intestine
  5. Boosts immunity, enabling the white blood cells to fight germs better.
  6. Prevent memory loss as one grow older.

 

  • It contains a high amount of Calcium and Potassium

Calcium does the followings in the human body:

  1. Makes the bones strong, developed and healthy.
  2. It is an essential part of the blood clotting process. (This will prevent excess blood loss from a cut or an injury).
  3. It helps the muscle during contraction, including those of the heart.
  4. It help cells to take up glucose, thereby preventing diabetes.
  5. It is needed for the nerve cell to function properly.
  6. It increases sperm mobility. This will enhance the movement of sperm towards fertilizing the egg or ova.

Potassium does the followings in the body:

  1. It reduces stress and anxiety.
  2. It regulates fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.
  3. Regulates blood pressure.
  4. Regulates blood sugar.
  5. It improves bone health.

Since the African Star Apple contains a high amount of potassium and calcium, they therefore carry out all the above listed functions in the body.

 

  • It is a powerful antioxidant

Antioxidants help to prevent, stop and delay damages to our body cells. As an antioxidant, the African Star Apple removes oxidizing agents from our body, protecting it from highly reactive molecules called free radicals.

Free radicals, if not eliminated, can be damaging to our body cells. Through the process of free radicals elimination, the african star apple improves one's health.

 

  • It brings about weight reduction

The african star apple is an excellent fruit for one with obesity or related weight issues. It contains a very low amount of fat and a high amount of dietary fibre.

Dietary fibre prevents and cure both constipation and pile, while improving satiety.

 

  • It contains high amounts of Iron

The african star apple is an excellent source of iron.

Iron is important because:

  1. It is a major constituent required in the formation of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is the oxygen carrying pigment in the blood.
    Please read on Red Blood Cells and Hemoglobin here.
  2. It prevents anaemia.
  3. Low levels of iron in blood will make us weak and tired.
  4. It is needed to maintain a healthy skin, nails and hair.

Note: Iron is a micro-nutrient. It is required by humans in small amounts.
Please read on Micro-nutrients, their Sources, Functions and Defficiencies.

 

  • It is medicinal

The leaves, fruit and seeds of the african star apple are medicinal.

Drinking the liquid of the boiled leaf can prove useful in treating dysentery.

Ointments made from the seeds can be used to treat skin infections.

This fruit also works great for the heart. It lowers blood cholesterol and returns the level of blood glucose to normal.

 

  • It aids digestion and prevents vomiting

It is particularly good for pregnant women because it enhances digestion and absorption of food. The embryo and foetus can therefore get enough nutrients to grow well.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Basic Science

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Ripe cranberries will bounce like a ball. For this reason, they are nicknamed 'bounceberries'. They will also float in water

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Deodorants contains alcohol and are antibacterial. They work by killing the bacteria that makes sweat smell

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Ice cubes made with fresh water are white in color while those made with boiled water are crystal clear

Cats are unable to taste sweet things

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Rain water is said to be pure because it's colorless, odourless and tasteless. Interestingly, it also contains vitamin B12.

Vitamin B12 is an important nutrient that keeps the blood cells and neurones healthy. It also assist in building the DNA (a genetic material present in the cell's nucleus). Vitamin B12 also aid in the prevention of megaloblastic anemia which makes people weak and tired

Rasceta is the name given to the lines on your palm


NOTABLE POINTS IN Basic Science

The uniqueness of man can be defined as that which makes man distinct from every other animal and living organism.

Humans are higher animals when compared to other animals.

Under the classification of living organisms, humans belong to an order termed primates and thus share the same characteristics (as primates). In addition to these features, they also have their unique characteristics.

Please read on man's uniqueness here

Waste Management can be defined as the process of collecting, processing, recycling and controlling any material considered as waste.

Improperly disposed waste litters on road sides, in land fills, gutters and ditches. They are generally bad for the following reasons:

Wastes can be classified into various types. These are:

  • Biodegradable waste

  • Non-Biodegradable waste

  • Refuse

  • Sewage

  • Recyclable waste

  • Electronic waste

  • Green waste

  • Biomedical waste

  • Metabolic waste

  • Radioactive waste

  • Chemical waste

  • Animal product waste

Please read the explanations on the classification of wastes here

The African Star Apple is a seasonal fruit that grows abundantly in Nigeria and other West African Countries. It's fondly called African Cherry, Agbalumo or Udara in some parts of Nigeria.

African Star Apple, Cherry, Agbalumo, Udara - Len Academy

Below are some benefits of the African Star Apple:

  • It contains high amount of vitamin C

  • It contains a high amount of calcium

  • It contains high amount of potassium

  • It is a powerful antioxidant

  • It aids in weight reduction

  • It contains a high amount of iron

  • Its leaves, fruits and seeds are medicinal

  • It aids digestion and prevents vomiting

Please read more on the african star apple here

Disaccharides are composed of two monosaccharides joined together; thus are also referred to as double sugars.

Disaccharides are often added as sweeteners to food; for instance, the table sugar called sucrose is a disaccharide often used by us to sweeten our tea.

Maltose is another disaccharide used as an ingredient for making malt drinks, chocolates and candies.

The breast milk contains the disaccharide -> lactose.

Lactose is very vital for the normal growth and development of infants.

In adults, disaccharides are non essential nutrients. This implies that we can live without them as adults.

Below is a summary of monosaccharides that make up disaccharides (double sugars).

  • Maltose = Glucose + Glucose

  • Lactose = Glucose + Galactose

  • Sucrose = Glucose + Fructose

Other examples of disaccharides include trehalulose and isomaltulose