Basic Science

Matter: Concept of Matter

len Alfred Ajibola - 07th February, 2019 @ 11:15 AM

Topics in Basic Science

Primates - Characteristics of Primates Effects of Improper Waste Management Waste Management: Causes of Waste Concept of Mass and Weight Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Mineral Salts (Macro-nutrients) Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Mineral Salts (Micro-nutrients) Len Academy questions for Basic Science JSS1, second Term Len Academy mid-term test questions for Basic Science JSS1, 2nd Term Micro organisms causing food, water and air borne Diseases Vectors - Examples of Vectors, Vector borne Organisms and the Diseases they cause Bones of the Human Skeleton Meaning of Drugs, Type of Drugs and Side effects of Drugs Immunization, Processes involved in immunization and its importance Food: Carbohydrates and Sugars Uniqueness of Man: Unique Characteristics of Man Waste Management: Types of Waste Matter: Concept of Matter Benefits and Importance of African Star Apple (Agbalumo or Udara)


Academic Questions in Basic Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The ultimate source of energy is _____.

  1. plants
  2. sun
  3. food
  4. water
  5. air
  6. earth

The speed of wind is measured with a wind vane.

TRUE or FALSE

The nutrient majorly found in the liver is _____.

  • A. Carbohydrate
  • B. Starch
  • C. Protein
  • D. Fats
  • E. Oil
  • F. Lipids

A body at rest possess _____ energy.

  • A. Kinetic
  • B. Potential
  • C. Mechanical
  • D. Chemical

Len Academy Smart School Software

For a free trial, click here. Recommend to a school and get 25% commission for 6 academic terms

Concept of Matter:

Having a good understanding of matter will aid you to better understand Chemistry and Physics.

Matter is defined as anything that has mass and occupy space.

From the above definition, we can conclude that matter has two main attributes, qualities or characteristics. These are:

1. Mass

Mass is the amount of matter you have or anything has. You may consider it to be the entire composition of anything. For instance, everything you are composed of (from the top of your hair to your toe nails, including all your internal organs) will account for your mass. For this reason, your mass would be significantly different from that of a newly born child.

Note: To accurately account for the mass of humans, we will have to wear nothing on our body. This is so because our clothes, shoes and accessories will add to our mass since each of these is considered as a separate "matter". (That is, each has its own mass and occupies space).

Mass is not the same thing as weight.

Please read on Mass versus Weight here.

Note: You can also think of mass as the total composition of anything, both within (inside) and without (outside).

Using a cup of rice for instance, its ideal mass will attributed to all its entire composition; both within (rice) and without (cup).

Please read on Molecular Mass and its Calculations here.


2. Space

Matter will always take up space no matter how small it is. This is true because some instances of matter can be microscopic (only be seen with the aid of a microscope). Viruses, bacteria and protists are examples of microscopic matter in this case.

Please read on Protists and their Characteristics here.

Regardless how small a thing is (to the human eyes), they will still (always) occupy space. This is why the atmosphere is never empty; rather it's always filled with gases, bacteria, pathogens and other tiny particles.

Please read on the Composition and Functions of the Atmosphere here.

According to scientific research, there are approximately 100 billion bacteria on the human body. Although we can't even see any of these, they still take up (occupy) spaces on our skin.

Please read on some Amazing Facts in Biology here.

Note: A space completely void of matter is referred to as a vacuum. Vacuum environment do not exist naturally, rather they are prepared for medical and scientific reasons.


The point is:

Matter is everything around you, both the things you can see and those you can't see with your eyes. In fact, you are matter yourself. No matter how small a thing can be (even if they are microscopic and can't be seen with the naked eyes), they will still always have mass and occupy space.

Matter exists in four states. They are:

  1. Solid
    Please read on Solid State of Matter here.
  2. Liquid
    Please read on Liquid State of Matter here.
  3. Gases
    Please read on Gaseous State of Matter here.
  4. Plasma

If You are a Student, Teacher or Lover of Education, please click here to follow LEN ACADEMY on Google News

THANKS FOR READING - Please Help Share!


len

Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


Please Register here or Login here to contribute to this topic by commenting in the box below.

CONTRIBUTE TO THIS TOPIC | ASK A QUESTION


Amazing facts in Basic Science

Rasceta is the name given to the lines on your ✋ palm ✋

Goats have rectangular pupils in their eyes.

Think of the pupil as a hole located in the centre of the iris of the eye.

Note: To get an idea of an iris; when one is said to have blue eyes, it's because the iris is blue

Among all land animals, 🐘 Elephants 🐘 have the longest gestation period.

They stay pregnant for 22 months before giving birth to their young

🦘 Kangaroos 🦘 can't walk backwards

The 🥛 milk 🥛 of an 🦛 hippopotamus 🦛 is pink in color

The seed of all fruits are present on the inside with the exception of one.

That exception is 🍓 strawberry 🍓

🍓 strawberry 🍓 has it's seed outside the fruit

It actually takes 🍍 pineapples 🍍 2 years to grow

The liquid inside a coconut 🥥 can be used as an excellent substitute for your blood plasma

Elephants can't jump


NOTABLE POINTS IN Basic Science

The eyebrow is an area of dense, delicate hair just above the eye. 

Eyebrows perform two main functions:

  1. Protects our eyes against sweat, rain, dirt and other atmospheric contaminants.

  2. It helps us express our emotions.

Eyebrow modified in the form of Nike.

Image Credit: Unilad

Note: Eyebrows can also be modified to enhance beauty; especially female beauty.

All fruits have seeds. There is nothing like a naturally occurring seedless fruit. Even banana, coconut and pineapple have all got seeds.

Weight can be defined as the force of gravity acting on an object. If you traveled to space, you would be weightless because there isn't any force of gravity acting there. We all have weight on earth becasue the force of gravity acts here. Weight is measured in Newton

Massis the amount or quantity of matter/material contained in a body, For instance, everything you are composed of, both from within and outside will make up your mass. Mass is constant throughout the universe. You will have the same mass on earth and moon. Mass is measured in gram or kilogram. Mass is quite different from weight.

Matter is anything that has mass and occupy space. Matter can exist in four states namely:

  • Solid
  • Liquid
  • Gas
  • Plasma