Topics in BiologyBiology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Seminal Vesicles and Bulbourethral Glands as Male Accessory Sex Organs Male Reproductive System: Scrotum and its contents Brain: Introduction to the Human Brain Forebrain: Lobes of the Cerebrum and their Functions Cerebellum: Parts and Functions of the Cerebellum Midbrain: Division and Functions of the Midbrain Negative Feedback Mechanism in Homeostasis Arterial Disorders: Characteristics and Causes of Arterial Disorders Types of Desert and their Characteristics Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest Swamp Forest: What are Swamp Forests? Characteristics of Swamp Forests Savanna: Savanna and Grassland explained Savanna - Types of Savanna Tropical Savanna and Temperate Savanna with their Characteristics Introduction to Biomes: What is a Biome? Importance of Swamp Forests
Academic Questions in Biology
Which of the following is a category of long bones?
The end product of photosynthesis is _____.
The above diagram illustrates a _____.
The living cells that makes up cartilages are called _____.
Which of the following statement is incorrect with regards to chitin?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the human skeleton?
Organisms that manufacture their own food through the help of sunlight or chemicals are best referred to as _____.
Organisms that begins a food chain and also manufacture their food through photosynthesis are best referred to as _____.
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Arterial disorders refers to any clinical condition associated with the anatomy (structure) or physiology (function) of an artery. These clinical conditions will comprise of the following features or characteristics:
Compression: When the vessels become flat.
Occlusion: When the vessels are blocked.
Tumors and Malformations: When there are unusual growths in the vessels. A vessel may also be deformed.
Spasms: Narrowing of the blood vessels.
Traumatic: It usually occurs after an injury.
Note: The above features are associated with vascular and arterial disorders:
Below are some conditions that are attributed to vascular disorders:
Arteriosclerosis typically occurs when there is an accumulation of cholesterol which eventually forms plaques in the wall of arteries. This is shown in the diagram below:
Cardiac arrest will result from atherosclerosis in the arteries of the heart while stoke will result from those around the brain.
This is the narrowing of the arteries. It may result from atherosclerosis and can also lead to heart attack and stroke, especially when the arteries around the heart and brain are involved.
Cerebrovascular thrombosis is a major cause of stroke in humans. It occurs when a blood clot appears inside an artery that supplies blood to the brain.
Vasculitis occurs when there is an inflammation of one or more arteries. They usually result from hyper-activity of the immune system; and will often present some pigmentations around the affected skin. This is shown in the image below:
This is synonymous to heart attack. It results when there is a sudden blood clot in one of the arteries that supplies blood to the heart.
Aneurysms refers to a weakness in the arterial wall. This weakness may be seen as a soft, painless swelling within the wall of the artery. This may also results into the formation of blood clots within such artery.
In raynaud’s disease, the arteries around the finger regions becomes narrower. As a result, the fingers may become whitish in color.
Wounds around the fingers will heal slowly as a result of poor blood flow from the narrowing of the arteries.
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Amazing facts in Biology
Male Seahorses actually give birth to their young ones, NOT the female
All babies are born with blue eyes
Research made at the University of Vienna suggested that yawning may play an essential role in cooling the brains
All voluntary and concious activity of right handed people are controlled from the left part or hemisphere of the brain
A snail can actually sleep for 3 years 😁
An adult human being is composed of about 60% water. In fact, a newly born baby is composed of about 80% of water. This will drop to 65% after a year and finally to about 60% as the child ages
Without saliva, food can never be enjoyed. Food becomes tasteless since saliva is needed to dissolve the chemicals present in food onto the tongue’s taste buds.
Saliva also contains an enzyme called salivary amylase or "ptyalin" which helps to digest cooked starch to maltose. Maltose is a double sugar or disaccharide. Please read on sugars here
NOTABLE POINTS IN Biology
For a thing to be considered Living, it must possess all the Basic Characteristics of Life. These include:
Irritability or Sensitivity
During strenuous exercises like sprinting or 🏃 running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.
This is the concept of anaerobic respiration
A food Chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.
Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:
The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:
Biology can therefore be defined is the study of life
Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism) 🌱🐐🐓. All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:
The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym (MR. NIGER DAC).
The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2.
Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis. Please read on photosynthesis here
Note: Plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere