Government

Facts on Abraham Lincoln and John Kennedy

len Alfred Ajibola - 04th December, 2022 @ 04:02 PM

Topics in Government

Facts on Abraham Lincoln and John Kennedy One-party system explained with its advantages and disadvantages What is Democracy? Definitions of Democracy Types of Government Arms of Government: Functions of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System What are pressure groups? Types of pressure group Characteristics of Pressure Group Types of Constitution Scope of Government Characteristics of Government Importance of Government One-party system explained with its types and characteristics Multi-party system explained with its characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics


Academic Questions in Government

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The following countries practice a zero party system except _____.

  • A. Cambodia

  • B. Vatican City

  • C. Bahrain

  • D. Saudi Arabia

  • E. Oman

  • F. Kuwait

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the two-party system?

  • A. It is democratic in nature

  • B. There isn't a third party

  • C. The two parties are always dominant in the political terrain

  • D. The president must emerge from one of both parties

  • E. It encourages freedom of expression at the press

  • F. It presents a choice of candidates to the people

In a two-party system,  only 2 political parties are present in countries where they are practised.

  • A. True

  • B. False

A type of democracy whereby shura is practiced is termed _____ democracy

  • A. Direct

  • B. Indirect

  • C. Constitutional

  • D. Islamic

  • E. Authoritarian

  • F. Participatory

A type of democracy whereby the people vote a bill into law is termed _____ democracy

  • A. Direct

  • B. Indirect

  • C. Constitutional

  • D. Islamic

  • E. Authoritarian

  • F. Participatory

In democracy, every citizen has got the right to vote and be vote for. Also, the principle one man one vote in this regard refers to which characteristic of democracy?

  • A. Separation of power

  • B. Freedom of expression

  • C. Constitutional supremacy

  • D. Rule of Law

  • E. Political equality

  • F. Popular sovereignty

Democracy is defined as a government formed by the consent of the governed.

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is not a type of democracy?

  • A. Peripheral democracy

  • B. Direct democracy

  • C. Islamic democracy

  • D. Representative democracy

  • E. Participatory democracy

  • F. Authoritarian democracy


Facts on Lincoln and Kennedy:

Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy are both citizens and presidents of the United States of America. Interestingly, during their reigns in power as America's number one citizen (president), both of them shared similar order of events, including their assassination as sitting presidents.

Below are some amazing facts on Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy:

 

  • The names 'Lincoln' and 'Kennedy' are composed of seven letters each.

  • Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy were both presidents of the United States of America.

  • Abraham Lincoln was elected to congress in 1846 while John F. Kennedy was elected into congress in 1946.

  • Lincoln emerged as runners-up for his party's nomination for vice-president in 1856. Kennedy emerged as runners-up for his party's nomination for vice-president in 1956.

  • Abraham Lincoln became American president in 1860, while John F. Kennedy became American President in 1960.

    Please read interesting facts for students here.

  •  

  • During their reign as presidents, both were particularly concerned with civil rights. In this regard, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862 in order to grant all slaves freedom; and it became part of the constitution in 1863. In 1962, John F. Kennedy was concerned with racial equality. In fact, he was the first to propose what would be the Civil Rights Act to the Congress.

  • Lincoln and Kennedy married women who were in their 20s. However, both men were in their 30s during their time of marriage.

Abraham Lincoln and John Kennedy
Abraham Lincoln (Left), John F. kennedy (Right)

 

  • The wives of both presidents lost a son while living in the White House. Lincoln lost his 11-year-old son named William. Kennedy lost his infant son, Patrick.

  • The first, middle and last names of Lincoln's and Kennedy's son have got 7 letters each. Both sons' names, 'William Wallace Lincoln' and 'Patrick Bouvier Kennedy' have 21 letters each.

    You can read motivational quotes for students here.

  •  

  • A week before Lincoln was shot, he was in Monroe, Maryland. A week before Kennedy was shot, he was alleged to have been with a famous American actress, model and singer -  Marilyn Monroe.

  • Lincoln was shot at Ford's Theatre. Kennedy was shot in a Lincoln limousine which was a product from Ford.

  • During their reigns as presidents, Lincoln and Kennedy were shot in the head on a Friday. Lincoln was shot on Good Friday (April 14, 1865). Kennedy was shot on Friday (November 22, 1963). Both died at nearby locations. Lincoln died at the Petersen House across the street and Kennedy at Parkland Memorial Hospital down the road. 

  • Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. The assassins are known by their three names which is composed of 15 letters.

  • Booth ran from Ford's Theatre where he shot Lincoln, but was caught in a barn in Virginia, not a warehouse. Oswald fled from a warehouse where he had shot Kennedy, and was arrested in a movie theater.

    Please read the story: 'the gods are not to blame' here.

  •  

  • John Wilkes Booth and Lee Harvey Oswald were Southerners. Booth was from Maryland while Oswald hails from New Orleans, Louisiana.

  • Booth and Oswald were assassinated before they could be put on trial. John Wilkes Booth was assassinated by Sergeant Boston Corbett on April 26, 1865 after refusing to surrender. Lee Harvey Oswald was assassinated on his way to country jail by night club owner, Jack Ruby on November 24, 1963.

  • Lincoln and Kennedy were succeeded by Southern Democrats whose surnames were Johnson. Andrew Johnson from Tennessee succeeded Lincoln while Lyndon B. Johnson hailing from Texas succeeded Kennedy.

  • Both successors were born in '08. Andrew Johnson who succeeded Lincoln was born on December 29, 1808 while Lyndon B. Johnson (Kennedy's successor) was born on August 27, 1908.

    Please read on Mary Slessor, the woman who stopped the killing of twins here.

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Amazing facts in Government

White House in Washington has 132 rooms and 35 bathrooms while Buckingham Palace in London has 775 rooms, including 78 bathrooms

Three United States presidents; John Adams (2nd US president), Thomas Jefferson (3rd US president), and James Monroe (5th US president) died on the 4th of July.

Coincidentally, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson also died the same year, and that's 1826.

Abraham Lincoln, the great human emancipator, freedom fighter and 16th American president was popular for the saying:

Government of the people, by the people and for the people

Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States of America was a professional wrestler before he assumed the office of the American President. Interestingly, he was only defeated once in his wrestling career


NOTABLE POINTS IN Government

Government can be defined under the following headings:

1. As an institution of a state.

Government is defined as an institution, agency, machinery or instrument that is established to manage the affairs of general welfare of the people making up a state or country

 

2. As a process or as an act of governing.

Government is defined as the processes and methods involved in the formulation, administration and implementation of public policies from a procedure which had been specifically spelt out in the constitution of a country or state

 

3. As an academic field of study.

Government is defined as the study of institutions, theories, ideas, values and doctrines as relating to the acquisition and use of political power for the welfare of the people

Please read more on the definitions of government here

End Sars - Len Academy

The End Sars is considered a pressure group in Nigeria. It campaigned in the interest of Nigerian youths, thus forcing the Nigerian government into scrapping the Special Anti-Robbery Squard (SARS) who had constantly brutalized Nigerians, especially the youths; through extortion, indiscriminate shootings, threats and other violent conducts.

Unfortunately, some Nigerian youths paid the ultimate price with their lives at the Lekki tollgate massacre. This happened on the 20th day of October, 2020.

Burna Boy, a Nigerian musician made a song titled '20 : 10 : 20' in this regard.

Please read on pressure groups in Nigeria here

The organs of government (also referred to as arms of government or branches of government) are:

  1. Executive

  2. Legislature

  3. Judiciary

These three arms of government serves as a separation of power.

Separation of Power implies that they carry out their distinct (separate) functions and responsibilities in accordance to the nation's constitution.

The president (who is number one citizen of a country and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces) is the head of the executive arm of government. It is the responsibility of the executive to enforce or execute the law.

 

The legislature is a group of elected persons who are required to make law.

In Nigeria, the legislature consist of the bicameral national assembly which are:

  1. The upper house or chamber (Senate)

  2. The lower house or chamber (House of Representative)

 

The judiciary is an independent arm of government whose power is enforced in the courts.

Like the executive and legislature, they function under the guidance of the constitution.

Please read more on the organs of government here

Below are some functions of the executive arm of government:

  1. They ensure the security of the citizens in a country.

  2. The executive cannot pass laws into the constitution. Instead, they can forward bills to the legislature (or parliament) which will deliberate upon it. (Think of 'bill' as a proposal to be made into law; which will be submitted to the parliament in the form of a draft act).

  3. It is the president's responsibility to provide quality healthcare system, education, good roads (transport system), power, labour and finance through his ministers. For instance, the minister of agriculture oversees the affairs of agriculture in a nation. The ministers may also be accountable to the national assembly with regards to how they go about their ministries.

  4. They bring about maintenance of law and order in a country through the National Security Agencies (NSA) like the police, army, navy and air force.

  5. They prepare and execute the nation’s budget.

  6. The president approves the law into the constitution.

Plesse read more on the functions of executive, legislative and judiciary arms of government here

No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister.

  • The constitution is the supreme law in a country, nation or state.

  • The constitution specifies how the nation or state should be governed.

  • The constitution gives power to the different organs of government; (that is,  the executive, judiciary and legislature).

  • The constitution consists of all the fundamental human rights of the people.

Juxtaposing the above points, below is a definition for the term constitution:

Constitution is a supreme law that specifies the government of a nation, the distribution of powers to the different organs of government within that nation and the fundamental rights of all her citizens.

Please read more on the constitution here