Topics in GovernmentScheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government
Academic Questions in Government
Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.
In the above statement, government is defined _____.
A. As a process
B. As an act of governing
C. As an institution of a state
D. As an academic field o study
E. As a political wheel
F. As a machine of movement
Which of the following statement is false regarding the constitution?
A. No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister of a country
B. A constitution can be written or unwritten
C. The constitution consists of the fundamental human rights of citizens of a nation
D. The constitution does not necessarily allocate power to the different arms of government
E. The constitution upholds the people's sovereignty
F. A good constitution is neither too rigid not too flexible
A form of government whereby each state that makes up a country has the power to govern itself and manage it's own resources is known as _____.
The following are examples of pressure group in Nigeria except _____.
A. End SARS
B. Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)
C. Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)
D. Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)
E. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN)
H. National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS)
Which of the following is not an ethnic pressure group in Nigeria?
A. Bring Back our Girls (BBOG)
C. Ohanaeze Ndigbo
D. Middle Belt Forum (MBF)
E. Arewa Consultative Forum
F. Ijaw Youth Council (IYC)
The followings are ways to achieve gender equality except _____.
A. Education of the girl child
B. Encouraging women to go into power
C. Putting a stop to child marriage
D. Encouraging women to vote for women during elections
E. Empowering girls and women
F. Making laws that prohibits sexual harassment
The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.
The definition of democracy as 'Government of the people, by the people and for the people' is a concept of _____.
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The party system is a term associated with the democratic system of government. This is so because those vying for political positions in a democratic system must belong to a political party.
By definition, party system refers to a political structure through which a government is constituted after the election of a political party into power through the voting or electoral process.
The party system describes the number of political parties that can be voted into various political positions or offices.
Depending on the type of party system practiced in a country, the number of parties could be dominated by one political party, two or many political parties.
Take for instance, in Nigeria, the party system is dominated by the "All Progressive Congress" (APC) and the "People's Democratic Party" (PDP).
In the United States of America, the party system is dominated by the "Democratic Party" and the "Republican".
Similarly, the United Kingdom is dominated by the Conservative Party and Labour Party respectively.
Depending on the number of parties recognized in country, the party system can be put into the following types:
A country or state is said to practice a zero party system when no political party exist. In this case, all the leaders are elected by the populace (people making up the country).
In a zero party system, elections take place without any reference to political parties.
The zero party system is seen in a type of democracy termed nonpartisan democracy or no party democracy.
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Amazing facts in Government
NOTABLE POINTS IN Government
Dictatorship is one of the forms of Government. It can exist either as:
In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)
The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.
A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia
A Pressure group is defined as any formal and organized body or group of people with the same interest and whose main goal is to put pressure on any governmental institution in order to influence government policies and laws to their own gain.
An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).
Another instance of a pressure group in Nigeria is the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) group who pressured the Nigerian Government into taking appropriate actions towards the release of the 276 kidnapped female secondary students popularly referred to as the Chibok Girls, in Chibok, Bornu State, Nigeria.
Note: These innocent female students were kidnapped by the so called "Boko Haram" on the night of April 14th - 15th, 2014.
The above pressure group was massive globally to an extent that even the first ladies of various foreign countries became a part of it.
The EndsSars is another pressure group in Nigeria. They forced the Nigerian government into scrapping the Special Anti-Robbery Squard (SARS) who had constantly brutalized the Nigerian youths.
If men and women enjoyed the same rights, same freedom, same opportunities, same resources and same rewards in all sectors of society, then that's gender equality.
Gender equality is the process of being fair to humans; both males and females.
Below are some ways towards achieving gender equality.
Education of the girl child
Encouraging women to go into power
Putting a stop to sexual harassment and child marriage
Women and girls empowerment
Putting a stop to harmful traditional practices against women
Stopping the violence and war
Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.
An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.
Other forms of government includes:
Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
According to Abrahim Lincoln,
Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.
In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.
Note: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.
Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.