Topics in GovernmentScheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government
Academic Questions in Government
Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.
In the above statement, government is defined _____.
A. As a process
B. As an act of governing
C. As an institution of a state
D. As an academic field o study
E. As a political wheel
F. As a machine of movement
Which of the following statement is false regarding the constitution?
A. No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister of a country
B. A constitution can be written or unwritten
C. The constitution consists of the fundamental human rights of citizens of a nation
D. The constitution does not necessarily allocate power to the different arms of government
E. The constitution upholds the people's sovereignty
F. A good constitution is neither too rigid not too flexible
A form of government whereby each state that makes up a country has the power to govern itself and manage it's own resources is known as _____.
The following are examples of pressure group in Nigeria except _____.
A. End SARS
B. Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)
C. Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)
D. Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)
E. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN)
H. National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS)
Which of the following is not an ethnic pressure group in Nigeria?
A. Bring Back our Girls (BBOG)
C. Ohanaeze Ndigbo
D. Middle Belt Forum (MBF)
E. Arewa Consultative Forum
F. Ijaw Youth Council (IYC)
The followings are ways to achieve gender equality except _____.
A. Education of the girl child
B. Encouraging women to go into power
C. Putting a stop to child marriage
D. Encouraging women to vote for women during elections
E. Empowering girls and women
F. Making laws that prohibits sexual harassment
The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.
The definition of democracy as 'Government of the people, by the people and for the people' is a concept of _____.
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A one-party system is said to exist where only one political party is legally recognized to be voted for in an electoral process.
In a one-party system, only one political party has the power to rule while the formation of other political parties is considered to be forbidden.
A one-party system is also called a single-party system or one-party state or a single-party state.
It is the responsibility of the party (in a one-party system) to produce all the political candidates or aspirants vying for all the necessary political offices in a country or state.
Note: In some countries, numerous political parties may exist but only one (political party) can rule (assume power) in accordance to the law or constitution of such countries. In this case, such a party system is referred to as One-Party Dominant State.
In a one-party dominant state, the other political parties participate in governance by accepting one of the leading role in the dominant party.
The one-party system is a prominent feature of the communist and socialist countries.
Examples of countries involved in one-party system are:
1. True Single-State: This is a one-party system whereby a single party is officially and legally recognized in a country or state.
2. Pre-Dominant Party: In this one-party system, a single party will always assume power and will continue to assume power.
3. Hegemonic Party: This is a one-party system whereby the law does not prohibit the formation of other political parties. Ideally, the hegemonic party by characteristics will enjoy unchallenged authority and power.
Please read on Democracy and its Characteristics here.
Only one political party is legally recognized by the constitution.
Please read more on Constitution here.
The formation of other political parties may be forbidden by law.
They provide all the political candidates vying for various political offices.
In some cases, numerous political parties may exist but only one can rule.
The dominant party in a one-party system may have some other parties under it.
The countries where they are practiced will usually have one ideology.
Please read on Gender Equality and ways to achieve it here.
Government and National polices are strictly enforced.
It is usually seen in a socialist or communist country/state.
It enables the formation of a central economy.
Please read on Foreign Trade, Types and Divisions here.
It provides a level playing ground (politically) for the citizens interested in governance.
Please read on Your Fundamental Human Rights here.
The most competent citizens are usually voted into political offices.
It is more economical when compared to the two or multi-party systems.
It offers more educational opportunities.
Please read on the Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.
The single-party system builds up strong social communities.
The voters lack the choice to vote in a better and preferred party.
The government typically owns everything.
It may give rise to a form of dictatorship.
Please read on Dictatorship and other Forms of Government here.
It encourages corruption.
It may not encourage entrepreneurship.
Please read on how to start a home based Fish Farming business here.
Everyone receives similar reward in a one-party system.
It limits industrial innovation.
The party may alter the constitution for the benefits of its members.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Government
NOTABLE POINTS IN Government
Dictatorship is one of the forms of Government. It can exist either as:
In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)
The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.
A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia
A Pressure group is defined as any formal and organized body or group of people with the same interest and whose main goal is to put pressure on any governmental institution in order to influence government policies and laws to their own gain.
An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).
Another instance of a pressure group in Nigeria is the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) group who pressured the Nigerian Government into taking appropriate actions towards the release of the 276 kidnapped female secondary students popularly referred to as the Chibok Girls, in Chibok, Bornu State, Nigeria.
Note: These innocent female students were kidnapped by the so called "Boko Haram" on the night of April 14th - 15th, 2014.
The above pressure group was massive globally to an extent that even the first ladies of various foreign countries became a part of it.
The EndsSars is another pressure group in Nigeria. They forced the Nigerian government into scrapping the Special Anti-Robbery Squard (SARS) who had constantly brutalized the Nigerian youths.
If men and women enjoyed the same rights, same freedom, same opportunities, same resources and same rewards in all sectors of society, then that's gender equality.
Gender equality is the process of being fair to humans; both males and females.
Below are some ways towards achieving gender equality.
Education of the girl child
Encouraging women to go into power
Putting a stop to sexual harassment and child marriage
Women and girls empowerment
Putting a stop to harmful traditional practices against women
Stopping the violence and war
Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.
An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.
Other forms of government includes:
Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
According to Abrahim Lincoln,
Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.
In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.
Note: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.
Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.