One-Party System explained

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 18th December, 2019 @ 01:06

Topics in Government

Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government Organs, Arms or Branches of Government and their Functions Constitution: Meaning, Qualities and Importance of Constitution Pressure Group in Nigeria - Types and Examples

Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. chaos
  • B. doom
  • C. oligarchy
  • D. autocracy
  • E. anarchy
  • F. meritocracy

The definition of democracy as "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.

  • A. plutocracy
  • B. timocracy
  • C. technocracy
  • D. meritocracy
  • E. richocracy
  • F. autocracy

Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?

  • A. Malta
  • B. Latvia
  • C. Moldova
  • D. Estonia
  • E. Georgia
  • F. Uzbekistan

NEED A STANDARD WEBSITE? See some of our works here and here. Click here to contact Len Academy

One-Party System:

A one-party system is said to exist where only one political party is legally recognized to be voted for in an electoral process.

In a one-party system, only one political party has the power to rule while the formation of other political parties is considered to be forbidden.

Please read on the concept of Party System and Zero Party System here.

A one-party system is also called a single-party system or one-party state or a single-party state.

It is the responsibility of the party (in a one-party system) to produce all the political candidates or aspirants vying for all the necessary political offices in a country or state.

Please read on Two-Party System here.

Note: In some countries, numerous political parties may exist but only one (political party) can rule (assume power) in accordance to the law or constitution of such countries. In this case, such a party system is referred to as One-Party Dominant State.

In a one-party dominant state, the other political parties participate in governance by accepting one of the leading role in the dominant party.

Please read on the Characteristics, Functions and Importance of Government here.

The one-party system is a prominent feature of the communist and socialist countries.

Examples of countries involved in one-party system are:


Types of One-Party System

1. True Single-State: This is a one-party system whereby a single party is officially and legally recognized in a country or state.

2. Pre-Dominant Party: In this one-party system, a single party will always assume power and will continue to assume power.

3. Hegemonic Party: This is a one-party system whereby the law does not prohibit the formation of other political parties. Ideally, the hegemonic party by characteristics will enjoy unchallenged authority and power.
Please read on Democracy and its Characteristics here.


Characteristics of One Party-System

  1. Only one political party is legally recognized by the constitution.
    Please read more on Constitution here.

  2. The formation of other political parties may be forbidden by law.

  3. They provide all the political candidates vying for various political offices.

  4. In some cases, numerous political parties may exist but only one can rule.

  5. The dominant party in a one-party system may have some other parties under it.

  6. The countries where they are practiced will usually have one ideology.
    Please read on Gender Equality and ways to achieve it here.

  7. Government and National polices are strictly enforced.

  8. It is usually seen in a socialist or communist country/state.


Advantages of One-Party System

  1. It enables the formation of a central economy.
    Please read on Foreign Trade, Types and Divisions here.

  2. It provides a level playing ground (politically) for the citizens interested in governance.
    Please read on Your Fundamental Human Rights here.

  3. The most competent citizens are usually voted into political offices.

  4. It is more economical when compared to the two or multi-party systems.

  5. It offers more educational opportunities.
    Please read on the Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.

  6. The single-party system builds up strong social communities.


Disadvantages of One-Party System

  1. The voters lack the choice to vote in a better and preferred party.

  2. The government typically owns everything.

  3. It may give rise to a form of dictatorship.
    Please read on Dictatorship and other Forms of Government here.

  4. It encourages corruption.

  5. It may not encourage entrepreneurship.
    Please read on how to start a home based Fish Farming business here.

  6. Everyone receives similar reward in a one-party system.

  7. It limits industrial innovation.

  8. The party may alter the constitution for the benefits of its members.

If You are a Student, Teacher or Lover of Education, please click here to follow LEN ACADEMY on Google News

THANKS FOR READING - Please Help Share!


Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

Please Register here or Login here to contribute to this topic by commenting in the box below.


Amazing facts in Government


Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy 

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

NOTE: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.