Branches of Geography: Physical and Environmental Geography

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 02nd June, 2020 @ 08:55: AM

Topics in Geography

Branches of Geography: Physical and Environmental Geography Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, Second Term Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, Third Term Classification | Types of Planets and their Characteristics Planets of the Solar System with their Characteristics Functions of the Atmosphere Layers of the Atmosphere Solar System in Geography Atmosphere: Composition of the Atmosphere Geography, Types and Branches of Geography Characteristics and Examples of Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks

Academic Questions in Geography

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The following are true concerning the gas planets except _____.

  • A. Neptune is an example of a gas planet

  • B. They are also referred to as jovian planets

  • C. They have rings around them

  • D. They are smaller in size when compared to earth

  • E. They are also referred to as gas giants

  • F. They are composed mainly of hydrogen and helium gas

The following are characteristics of terrestrial planets except _____.

  • A. They have rocky surfaces

  • B. Their surfaces are compact in nature

  • C. They have no rings around them

  • D. Uranus is an example of terrestrial planet

  • E. They rotate slowly around their satellites

  • F. The have few number of satellites

Planets can be classified under the following headings except _____.

  • A. Size

  • B. Shape

  • C. Mass

  • D. Time of discovery

  • E. Composition

  • F. Relative positioning to the sun

The following are branches of physiography except _____.

  • A. Oceanography

  • B. Geomorphology

  • C. Envirogeography

  • D. Paleography

  • E. Glaciology

  • F. Bio-Geography

Sedimentary rocks are formed from the following processes EXCEPT _____.

  • A. By the transformation of a protolith

  • B. By the transportation and subsequent deposition of weathered remains of pre-existing rocks

  • C. By the accumulation and lithification of detrital rocks

  • D. By their precipitation from solution

  • E. By processes resulting from biogenic activity

  • F. All of the above

The following are examples of igneous rock EXCEPT _____.

  • A. Tuff

  • B. Gneiss

  • C. Granite

  • D. Pegmatite

  • E. Gabbro

  • F. Pumice



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Branches of Geography:

Geography is a scientific field that studies the earth's surface, ecosystems and environments, including the relationship between man and these environments.

You can read on the Concept of an Ecosystem here.

The branches of geography may also be referred to as 'types of geography'. Generally, we have three branches or types of geography. These are:

  1. Human Geography
  2. Physical Geography
  3. Environmental Geography

In this article, we will focus on the physical and environmental branches of geography.

Please read on Human Geography here.

Physical Geography

Physical geography, also referred to as physiography, deals with the physical characteristics and features of the earth, including the inner layers of the earth.

Physical geography has the following branches:

  • Bio-Geography: This branch of physical geography involves the study of living organisms (plants and animals) and how they are distributed across the surface of the earth.

    Bio-geography is divided into plant geography, animal geography and human ecology.
    Please read on Ecology and Branches of Ecology here.

  • Climate Geography: It deals with the study of weather patterns over a period of time, and how they affect the climatic condition of a region. It also involve the study of the atmosphere.
    Please read more on the Atmosphere here.

  • Geomorphology: This branch of physical geography focuses on the study of the solid part of the earth (lithosphere or land) and its formation processes.

    Please read on Rocks, Types and Characteristics here.

    Geomorphology also include the study of various landforms, their origin and development; (for instance, land may be formed through the transportation and deposition process of water, wind and glaciers).

    Additionally, Geomorphology helps us understand the wearing out these landforms through erosion, thus resulting in their subsequent disappearance.
    Please read more on Soil Erosion here.

  • Soil Geography: As the name imply, it studies the soil, (lithosphere) and its distribution.

    Note: The lithosphere is solid part or layer of the earth's surface.
    Please more on the Lithosphere and other Ecological Concepts here.

  • Water Resources Geography: It deals with the various water resources, their management and distribution across the earth.
    Please read on water Mode of Transportation, Its Advantages and Disadvantages.

  • Oceanography: It deals with the study of oceans including their floor depths, currents and continental drifts.

Other branches of physical geography include:

  • Hydrology
  • Coastal Geography
  • Astronomical geography
  • Paleogeography
  • Glaciology


Environmenral Geography

Environmental geography deals with the study of the relationship between humans and their immediate environment, including the outcomes of this relationship.

You can read on the Uniqueness of Man here.

Environmental geography helps us to further understand how the various human activities on an area can affect such area. In addition, environmental geography encompasses the causes and spread of diseases that had resulted from environmental activities.

Please read more on Diseases and Vectors of Diseases here.

Finally, environmental geography has helped us to better understand how certain human activities can negatively impact the human environment.

You can read on the Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria here.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Geography

Earth is the only planet that contains water on it's surface. In fact, the percentage of water on Earth is greater than that of land.

Water: 71%

Land: 21%

Salt water or Saline water makes up about 97% of Earth's water. It comprises majorly of ocean and sea waters

Metal actually rains on planet Venus

Planet Mars appear brownish or reddish because it's covered with iron rust

China is the largest emitter of carbon IV oxide (CO2) in our world today

There are over 125 billion galaxies in our universe. Our galaxy (called the milky way) has about 100-400 billion stars.

The 🌞 sun is actually a 🌟 star; and a single star can be 100 times bigger than the earth.

It is estimated that 50% of all gold ever mined on Earth came from South Africa.

Infact, it came from a single plateau in South Africa called Witwatersrand

We have 7 continents. All the 7 continents ends with the alphabet that began it.

The continents are:

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. Antartica
  4. Australia
  5. Europe
  6. North America
  7. South America

Instabul is a city in Turkey. It's the only city that lies between two continents.

Instabul lies between Europe and Asia

It is believed that the Amazon rainforest is responsible for producing about 20% of earth's oxygen.

Please read on tropical rainforest here.