Topics in GeographyEnvironmental geography explained with its branches Igneous rock explained with its types and textures Characteristics of Igneous Rock What are Sedimentary Rocks? Formation and Types of Sedimentary Rock Characteristics of Sedimentary Rock Types and Characteristics of Metamorphic Rock Physical geography explained with its branches Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, Second Term Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, Third Term Classification and types of planets with their characteristics Planets of the solar system explained with their characteristics Functions of the Atmosphere Layers of the Atmosphere Solar System in Geography Composition of the Atmosphere Human geography explained with its branches What are metamorphic rocks? Formation of metamorphic rock?
Academic Questions in Geography
Which of the following is not a branch of environmental geography?
A. Physical Geography
C. Political Ecology
D. Environmental Perception
E. Landscape Studies
F. Energy and Resource Geography
Sandstone is an example of _____ .
A. Sandy soil
B. Loamy soil
C. Clay soil
D. Igneous rock
E. Sedimentary rock
F. Metamorphic rock
Which of the following isn't an example of metamorphic rock?
Which of the following statements is false concerning metamorphic rock?
A. The are less dense than igneous and sedimentary rocks
B. They can be foliated or non foliated
C. They are crystalline in nature
D. They have a more coarse texture than their protolith
E. They may be formed from an older metamorphic rock
F. They are characterized with precious metals and stones
Earth's distance from the sun is approximately _____ million kilometers.
Which of the following is not a branch of physical geography?
A. Economic Geography
B. Religious Geography
C. Social Geography
D. Resource Geography
E. Settlement Geography
F. Industrial Geography
Water resource geography is a branch under physiography.
With regards to ozone, which of the following is incorrect?
A. Ozone is a triatomic molecule
B. Ozone layer aids in preventing excess ultraviolet radiation from reaching the earth
C. Ozone is a natural greenhouses gas
D. Ozone comprises of oxygen molecules only
E. Ozone layer brings about a global warming on earth
F. Ozone is present in the stratosphere
Environmental geography, also referred to as integrative geography, integrated geography or human-environment geography is considered as one of the branches (or divisions) of geography. The others are human geography and physical geography respectively.
Environmental geography covers the relationship and interactions between humans and their immediate natural environment, including the outcomes of this relationship. This environmental interaction with humans is termed 'coupled human–environment system'. In simple terms, environmental geography focuses on the interactions between humans, their environment and the earth at large.
The practical relationship between humans and their environment was much more encountered in the past when compared to this present age. This becomes a fact because technology which happens to be the core of our modern world has taken over the environment. As an instance, you can interact with certain regions of the world without your physical presence, all thanks to technology. Meanwhile, understand that environmental geography is ideally measured through the activities of humans on natural landforms and cycles.
Environmental geography as a course of study helps us to further understand how the various human activities on an area can consequently affect such area. In addition, environmental geography encompasses the causes and spread of diseases that had resulted from environmental activities. Instances of these diseases will include the pandemic COVID-19 and regional ebola.
Environmental geography has helped us to better understand how certain human activities can negatively impact the human environment. Further more, the study of environmental geography has facilitated the human-environment relationships, which explains how humans have been dependable on their surrounding natural resources in order to develop their standard of living.
Apparently, the human environment is changing at a rapid pace as a result of technological advancement and human development. Based on this fact, it is mandatory that we learn how to use sustainable development and techniques to conserve the use of natural resources. Through this knowledge gained from environmental geography, we can therefore comprehend and fix the followings:
How climate change is adversely affecting the wellbeing of humans.
How humans, plants and animals are adapting to the changes in our environment.
How soil degradation results into erosion and leaching.
Please read on soil erosion here.
In summary, the study of environmental geography provides knowledge towards understanding both the physical and human environment. In fact, it is considered a part of (or a borderline between) physical and human geography. This is expressed in the image below:
In our world today, environmental geography may be considered under the following areas or branches. These are:
Environmental Perception: This study involves the perception and comprehension of humans toward their environment. With this understanding, better decisions will be taken by humans towards preserving their natural environment.
Political Ecology: This branch of environmental geography incorporates various systems which can be political, cultural, social or economic into various environmental changes. A proper implementation of these aforementioned systems into the human environment will significantly improve our standard of living.
Please read on the concept of government here.
Hazards: Examples of hazards studied in environmental geography include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, forest fires, drought, tornadoes and hurricanes.
Energy and Resource Geography: This will include the study and implementation of energy generation through wind, water and sunlight respectively.
Landscape Studies: Landscape in this regard refers to an entire area comprehended by one's vision in a single view. Landscape studies therefore involves the interactions between humans and the environment in specific areas.
You can read on agricultural land here.
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Amazing facts in Geography
Lake Baikal is the deepest freshwater lake in the world. It is located in Siberia, and has a depth of 5,315 feet (1,620 meters)
River Nile is the world's longest river, reaching a length of 6,853km. It runs through the borders of 11 African countries. These are Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Eritrea
The deepest place on Earth is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. It has a dept of 11,034 meters (or 36,201 feet)
Japan has recorded the most earthquakes and is thereby considered as the world's most earthquake-prone country
The planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune have no solid surfaces, but are rather made up of gases. For this reason, humans can never stand on them
Burg Khalifa is the tallest building in the world (as at 2023). It is situated in Dubai and stands at over 2,700 feet
Pepto Bismol-colored Lake Hillier is a pink colored lake present in Australia
Mount Everest is the highest point on earth with a height of 8,849 meters (29,032 feet). It is located between Nepal and Tibet, an autonomous region of China.
Mountain Everest is a symbol of relationship between Nepal and Tibet, and was named in the nineteenth century after George Everest, a former Surveyor General of India
A day on planet venus is longer than a year. This is so because it takes venus 243 'earth days' to spin round its axis (rotation), but takes 225 'earth days' to go around the sun (revolution).
In geography, understand that a day is reached when the planet makes a full spin or rotation round it's axis. However, a year is reached when a planet revolves fully around the sun
The Four Corners is a location in the United States of Ameria where one can stand in four states simultaneously (at the same time). The states are: Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico.
On the Four Corners, a person stands on the southwestern corner of Colorado, southeastern corner of Utah, northeastern corner of Arizona, and northwestern corner of New Mexico at once.
Notable points in Geography
Planets can be categorized based on their composition. These include:
1. Terrestrial or Rocky Planets: They are mercury, venus, earth and mars. They are called terrestrial or rocky planets for the following reasons:
They have a rocky and compact surface.
They have no rings around them.
They have a few natural satellites.
They rotate slowly around their axis.
2. Gas or Jovian Planets: They include jupiter, saturn, uranus and neptune. They have the following features:
They are called jovian planets because they are bigger in size when compared to earth.
They are composed mainly of hydrogen and helium gas, hence the name 'gas planets' or 'gas giants'.
They rotate rapidly.
They have many satellites.
They have rings around them.
The following rules are required for a body to become classified (or regarded) as a planet:
It must orbit the sun.
It does not orbit another planet. This means that it must not be a satellite.
It must have sufficient mass which accounts for its self-gravity.
It must assume a nearly round shape.
Earth's atmosphere is extremely important for the survival of all its inhabitants. As a student, it is important you comprehend how the above functions of the atmosphere support life. The explanations below give credence to this fact.
When one moves further away from earth, the atmosphere becomes thinner until it disappears into the outer space. There is no atmosphere in space. For this reason, astronauts will always wear a spacesuit while carrying along their oxygen gas masks and canisters when in space.
People living on very high altitudes will likely experience a reduced amount of oxygen in the atmosphere. Such people survive because their bodily organs become adapted to survive in such conditions.
On mountain everest for instance, mountain climbers will need to carry oxygen canisters because lesser amount of oxygen is present on this mountain.
The interface forming the boundary between two atmospheric layers are always named with a 'pause' at its end; for instance;
Tropopause: This is the interface or boundary between the troposphere and stratosphere.
Stratopause: Interface between the stratosphere and mesosphere.
Mesopause: Interface between the mesosphere and ionosphere.
Ionopause: Interface between the ionosphere and thermosphere.
The atmosphere surrounding the earth is layered. Each layer has its own characteristics although the boundaries between them are not clearly defined.
The image below shows the different layers of the atmosphere: