Geography, Types and Branches of Geography

len Alfred Ajibola - 11th February, 2019 @ 08:01 AM

Topics in Geography

Branches of Geography: Physical and Environmental Geography Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, Second Term Geography Scheme of Work, SS1, Third Term Classification | Types of Planets and their Characteristics Planets of the Solar System with their Characteristics Functions of the Atmosphere Layers of the Atmosphere Solar System in Geography Atmosphere: Composition of the Atmosphere Geography, Types and Branches of Geography Characteristics and Examples of Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks

Academic Questions in Geography

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers
Sedimentary rocks are formed from the following processes EXCEPT _____.

  • A. By the transformation of a protolith

  • B. By the transportation and subsequent deposition of weathered remains of pre-existing rocks

  • C. By the accumulation and lithification of detrital rocks

  • D. By their precipitation from solution

  • E. By processes resulting from biogenic activity

  • F. All of the above

The following are examples of igneous rock EXCEPT _____.

  • A. Tuff

  • B. Gneiss

  • C. Granite

  • D. Pegmatite

  • E. Gabbro

  • F. Pumice

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What is Geography?

It’s important to study where we live in, and that’s earth.

Geography deals with the scientific study of earth’s surface, our ecosystems and the different environments including the relationship between man and his environment.

Geography helps us to better understand earth and our diverse environment.

Please read on the Concept of an Ecosystem here.

Branches of Geography

Geography is divided into 3 main branches or types. These are:

  1. Human Geography
  2. Physical Geography
  3. Environmental Geography
  4. Please read on Physical and Environmental Geography here.


Human Geography

Human Geography focuses on the study of human beings, their origin, race, and how they are affected by the earth.

Human geography can be divided into the following branches:

  • Economic Geography: This aspect of human geography looks into the distribution of goods and services. Distribution of wealth across the globe is also considered here.

    Instances of economic geography include a study or research done on the richest nations on earth. During thus research, the processes accounting for their wealth are ascertained.
    Please read on the Definition and Scope of Commerce here.

  • Religious Geography: It studies the origin and spread of religious groups including their beliefs.

    Instances of religious geography include the study of the Christian or Islamic religion as seen in documentaries.
    Please read on the early years of Jesus here.

  • Medical Geography: It studies the process and events that bring about diseases and epidemics with regards to their geographical location, origin and distribution.

    As an instance, you may have heard about the geographical study and distribution of the disease 'ebola'. (Ebola is a case study here).
    You can read on Micro-organisms causing Food, Water and Air Borne Diseases here.

  • Settlement Geography: It deals with the study of the urban and rural settlements, their evolution; including the way and manner with which they are distributed.

  • Social Geography: This branch of human geography deals with the study of the human society.

    Social Geography is divided into Political geography and Population geography.
    Please read on Social Studies and it's objectives here.

  • Political Geography: This branch of social geography deals with the study of political units, nations and how they are bordered; including the behaviors within such nation’s geographical setting.
    Please read on Democracy and Types of Democracy here.

  • Population Geography: This branch of social geography deals with the study of human demographics and distribution.

    Human race, origin, composition, mortality, fertility, population and migration are all covered under population geography.

Other branches of human Geography include:

  • Urban Geography
  • Historical Geography
  • Transportation Geography
  • Industrial Geography
  • Agricultural | Land use Geography
  • Behavioral Geography
  • Regional development and planning

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Geography

Earth is the only planet that contains water on it's surface. In fact, the percentage of water on Earth is greater than that of land.

Water: 71%

Land: 21%

Salt water or Saline water makes up about 97% of Earth's water. It comprises majorly of ocean and sea waters

Metal actually rains on planet Venus

Planet Mars appear brownish/red because it's covered with iron rust.

China is the largest emitter of carbon IV oxide (CO​​​​​2) in our world today

There are over 125 billion galaxies in our universe. Our galaxy (called the milky way) has about 100-400 billion stars.

The 🌞 sun is actually a 🌟 star; and a single star can be 100 times bigger than the earth.

It is estimated that 50% of all gold ever mined on Earth came from South Africa.

Infact, it came from a single plateau in South Africa called Witwatersrand

We have 7 continents. All the 7 continents ends with the alphabet that began it. 

The continents are:

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. Antartica
  4. Australia
  5. Europe
  6. North America
  7. South America

Instabul is a city in Turkey. It's the only city that lies between two continents. Instabul lies between Europe and Asia

It is believed that the Amazon rainforest is responsible for producing about 20% of earth's oxygen.
Please read on tropical rainforest here.