Basket - Rules of Basketball

len Alfred Ajibola - 11th February, 2019 @ 01:42 PM

Topics in PHE

Postural defects that affect the spine or backbone Solutions to air pollution Len Academy Physical and Health Education questions for JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy Physical and Health Education questions for JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Posture and Postural Defects Tennis: The game of tennis with dimensions Domestic Accidents; Causes and Control of Domestic Accidents Air pollution: Effects of air pollution Drug Abuse, Causes of Drug Abuse in Adolescents Basket - Rules of Basketball Careers in Physical and Health Education

Academic Questions in PHE

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The following are postural defects except _____.

  • A. Joint Legs

  • B. Forward Head Posture

  • C. Flatfoot

  • D. Genu Valgum

  • E. Uneven Shoulders

  • F. Bowlegs

Protruding abdomen - Len Academy

The above image (protruding abdomen) is not a postural defect.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The tennis grand slam tournament played on a grass court is the _____.

  • A. US Open

  • B. Australian Open

  • C. Wimbledon

  • D. French Open

  • E. Italian Open

  • F. English Open

Which of the following sport personnels isn't a notable female tennis player? (The firstname had been abbreviated in the options below).

  • A. S. Tsitsipas
  • B. M. Navratilova

  • C. M. Hinges

  • D. M. Sharapova

  • E. V. Williams

  • F. N. Osaka

Which of the following isn't a measure to prevent domestic accidents?

  • A. Alertness and use of common sense when doing things

  • B. Drugs should be kept of out reach of children

  • C. All electrical issues should be fixed by parents only

  • D. Living rooms, rest rooms, stores, bathrooms and kitchen should be properly lighted

  • E. Babies should be closely monitored by parents

  • F. Families should be oriented on the basic home safety rules

Which of the following is false concerning domestic accidents?

  • A. They are preventable

  • B. They always occur inside our homes

  • C. They occur within our environment

  • D. Food can lead to domestic accidents

  • E. Carelessness is a major cause of domestic accidents

  • F. According to reports, it is considered as one of the 4 major causes of death around the world

Which of the following is not an effect of pollution?

  • A. Contamination of food by disease vectors

  • B. Eutrophication

  • C. Formation of acid rain

  • D. Afforestation

  • E. Global warming

  • F. Demise of aquatic flora and fauna

The process of contaminating the atmosphere by introducing harmful and toxic substances into it is termed _____.

  • A. Pollution

  • B. Wind Pollution

  • C. Air pollution

  • D. Lithospheric pollution

  • E. Hydrospheric pollution

  • F. Breeze pollution



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The Game of Basketball:

Basketball is one of the ball games and team sport. It comprise of a team of 5 players on each opposing side whose aim are to score by throwing the ball into a 10 feet elevated hoop (termed basket) above the ground.

The maximum (total) players each team can have is twelve, out of which, only five are allowed to play the game inside the court at any given point in time. However, unlimited substitutions can be made by both participating teams.

The beautiful game of basketball is played on a court divided into two equal halves by the mid-court line.

Whenever an attacking team passes the ball over the mid court-line (into the half of the opponent,) they aren't allowed to play it back into their own half; else, the defending team get awarded the ball.

Note: The aim of basketball is to put the ball into the opponent’s basket (that is, to score). Whenever a team scores in-play, they are awarded 2 or 3 points depending on the position from which the basket was aimed. This will be further explained under the scoring rules.

The team with most point wins the match at the end of the game.

Please read on the Game of Tennis with its Dimensions here.


Rules of Basketball

1. Number of Players

Both teams will have a maximum of twelve players. Five are allowed to play for each team at any given point in time.


2. Duration of the Game

The game is played over four periods. Each period has a time duration of ten minutes, (40 minutes in total over four periods). Meanwhile, an overtime is added when the game ends in a draw.

Whenever the score ends in a draw, an overtime period(s) of five minutes will be played.

A winner (the team with most points) will emerge during this period else another 5 minutes is given. The game continues this way until a winner emerges after the 5 minutes added period.


3. Possession

  • The ball is moved by passing it to another player or bouncing it within the court or dribbling with it.

  • A player can neither dribble nor move the ball with both (two) hands on it; instead, he or she will have to pass or shoot the ball.

  • When a team recovers or regains the ball in their own half, they must move it over the mid court-line within ten seconds else a foul will be called by the referee.

  • Similarly, whenever the attacking team moves the ball over the mid court-line (into the opponent’s half), they will not be able to play it back into their own half; else, ball possession will be given to the opposing team.


4. Scoring

  • When a team has possession of the ball, it will have 24 seconds to an attempt to score or (to have a shot towards the basket).

The team attempting to score is called the offence while that defending a scoring attempt is called the defense.

  • The defense will do all they can to block a shot or prevent it from been fired (or make the opponent shoot outside the basket).

  • One point is awarded when the inside of the basket is hit from the free throw line.

  • Two points are awarded when a basket is made from inside the three point arc.

  • Three points are awarded when the basket is made outside the three point arc.

The ball is returned to the opposition team after a basket had been made.

You can attempt LEN ACADEMY'S PHE Examination Questions for JSS1 here.


5. Fouls

  • Two free throws are awarded against a team after the team had made four fouls (on a player that isn't attempting to shoot the ball) within a period.

  • A foul committed on a player attempting to shoot the ball will result in an automatic free throw as those of the shots taken. For instance, if a foul is made on a player who is about to make a three points shot; three free throws will be awarded in such instances.

  • The number of free throw given depends on the area where the foul had been committed.

The free throw requires that the fouled player from the offensive team take an unopposed shot from the free throw line.


6. Violations

Violations in basketball are made when:

  • A player takes more than one step without bouncing the ball. This is termed travelling.

  • A ball travelling towards the basket is stopped or interfered upon by a player in the defense team. This is termed goaltending.

  • A player dribbles, stops and then dribble again with both hands. This is termed a double dribble.

  • A team takes the ball half way above the court line on the opponents half and then returns it back into their own half. This is called back court violation.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 10 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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