Agricultural Science

Agricultural Land, Types, Purposes and Uses of Agricutural Land

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 02nd May, 2019 @ 09:17: AM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (P - Q) Agricultural Terms: Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q), part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture Agricultural pest, Crops attacked, their economic importance and control Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (I - O) Agricultural Land, Types, Purposes and Uses of Agricutural Land Characteristics and Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Plant Propagation, Methods of plant propagation Pests of Agricultural importance - Crop Pests and Crops Attacked Differences between a Plant and a Crop Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria Agricultural tools and their uses - Agricultural machines and their functions Soil Erosion, Types, Causes and Solutions to Soil Erosion Fish Business: How to start a home based fish farming Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (Letter "A")


Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The female part of the flower comprising the stigma, style and ovary is the _____.

  • A. Ovule
  • B. Androecium
  • C. Stamen
  • D. Petal
  • E. Sepal
  • F. Pistil

Which of the following food is best preserved through pasteurization?

  • A. Rice
  • B. Beans
  • C. Coconut
  • D. Meat
  • E. Milk
  • F. Tomatoes

The total number of parasites that are present in a host organism is termed  _____.

  • A. Parasite
  • B. Parasite Count
  • C. Parasite Number
  • D. Parasite Load
  • E. Parasite Value
  • F. Parasite Figure

All plants are crops.

TRUE or FALSE

Agricultural Land:

Land, a free gift of nature, is included as one of the three most important parts of the earth; the others being water and air.

Land is also be considered to be the lithosphere on earth.

Note: The lithosphere is the solid part of the earth where life is found.

Agriculture Land can be defined as the solid and arable part of the earth where agricultural activities can be carried out.

Agricultural activities include the growing of crops and rearing of animals.

Please read on the Methods of Plant Propagation here.

Note: Agricultural activities can also be carried out on water.

 

Purposes of Land

From the introduction above, Land can be summarised to serve 2 purposes. These are

  1. Agricultural purposes
  2. Non Agricultural purposes

According to the edaphologists (those who are concerned with how the soil affect plants), it is believed that land should be used for agricultural purposes.

On the other hand, the pedologist are of the opinion that land should be used for non agricultural purposes.

Non agricultural purposes of land include the use of land as football pitches, road constructions and so on.

However, it is the physical and biological characteristics of land that suggests how it may be used; for instance, land with fertile soils are ideal for agricultural activities and may be likely used for agricultural purposes.

Please read on the Problems of Agriculture here.

 

Types of Agricultural Land

Agricultural land can be classified under the following headings:

  • Land for the cultivation of crops

A crop is a cultivated plant that is grown for income or subsistence.

Please read on the differences between a Plant and a Crop here.


Classes of Crops

Crops can be put into 6 categories.These are:

  1. Food Crop: They are crops grown for human consumption. Examples are yam, millet, potatoes and beans.
  2. Fibre Crop: They are grown for textile and cordage. Cotton is an example.
  3. Ornamental Crops: They are grown for gardening and beautification purposes. Examples are pampas grass and roses.
  4. Oil Crops: They are grown for their oil. Examples are soyabean, coconut, cottonseed and corn.
  5. Industrial Crops: They are grown for various industrial reasons. Examples are rubber and cotton crops.
  6. Cash Crop: They are grown to generate income and foreign exchange. Examples are cocoa and rubber.

Note: Land for the cultivation of crop must be properly managed such that its nutrients are constantly preserved. For this reason, agricultural practices like crop rotation, irrigation, bush fallowing, fertilizer and manure application should be encouraged in order to retain and improve soil fertility.

Please read on Agricultural Tools/Machineries and their uses here.

 

  • Land for rearing of animals

A variety of animals can be reared in Agriculture. Forms of animal rearing include:

  1. Cattle, Sheep and Goat farming: The rearing of cattles sheep and goats.
  2. Snailery: The rearing of snails.
  3. Poultry Farming: The rearing of birds such as chickens, turkeys, peacocks, ducks and geese.
  4. Pisticulture: The rearing of fishes.
    Please read on how to start a home based Fish Farming here.
  5. Apiculture or BeeKeeping: Ther rearing of bees.

Note: Agricultural Science as a subject has got its various technical terms.

Please read on the various Agricultural Terms and Meanings here.

 

  • Land for wildlife reserve

A wildlife reserve is a region where different kinds of wild animals are kept and protected in order to avoid their extinction; while also aiming to generate income from them.

Animals preserved as wildlife include lions, elephants, crocodiles and snakes.

The land required for wildlife do not necessarily need to be fertile; neither should it be occupied by numerous trees (as seen in a forest).

Please read on Tropical Rainforest and Savanna here.


Importance of Wilflife

The presence of wildlife reserve in a nation will provide 2 important benefits:

  1. Source of foreign exchange.
  2. Development of the country through tourism.

Note: The indiscriminate killings of wild animals are forbidden in a wildlife reserve center.

Please read on the Roles of Government in Agriculture here.


Wildlife (Game) Reserves in Nigeria

Below are some major wildlife (game) reserves in Nigeria:

  1. Yankari Game Reserve in Bauchi State.
  2. Gashaka Gumti National Park in Taraba State.
  3. Kainji Lake National Park in Kwara State.
  4. Borgu Game Reserve in Kwara State.
  5. Cross River National Park, Cross River State.
  6. Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary, Cross River State.
  7. Zugurma Game Reserve in Niger State.
  8. Okomu National Park, Edo State.
  9. Old Oyo National Park Old, Oyo State.
  10. Kamuku National Park, Kaduna State.

 

  • Land for forest

A forest is an ecosystem dominated by a variety of trees and animals.

The land required for the evolution of a forest does not have to be too fertile. Also, it will do no harm if the land is prone to erosion.

Please read more on Soil Erosion here


Importance of Forest

Allowing agricultural land to grow into forests can prove significant for the following reasons:

  1. Forest becomes the source of wood which is useful for a variety of purposes. For example, constructions, furniture, paper, buildings and so on.
    Please read on Wood; the differences between hardwood and softwood here.
  2. Forest plants are medicinal in value.
  3. It preserves different species of animals.
  4. Forest can act as windbreaks. Water erosion can also be prevented via a forest.
  5. It acts as a source of livelihood for hunters.
  6. Forest can generate foreign exchange for a country through export of its product.
  7. Forest animals can serve as means of tourism.

You can Attempt LEN ACADEMY Questions on Agric Science, JSS1, 2nd Term here


Forest Reserves in Nigeria

Below are some important forest reserves in Nigeria:

  1. Anara Forest Reserve in Kaduna State.
  2. Shasha River Forest Reserve in Ogun State.
  3. Oluwa Forest Reserve, Ondo State.
  4. Oba Hills Forest Reserve in Osun State.
  5. Sanga Forest Reserve in Plateau State.
  6. Ise Forest Reserve, Ekiti State.
  7. Sapoba Forest Reserve in Edo State.
  8. Omo Forest Reserve in Ogun State.
  9. Akure Forest Reserve, Ondo State.
  10. Edumanom Forest Reserve, Bayelsa State.
  11. Okomu Forst Reserve, Edo State.
  12. Idanre Forest Reserve, Ondo State.
  13. Okeluse Forest Reserve.

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len

Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments 🤔

Squirrels do plant more 🌲 trees 🌲 (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them 😁

🐄 Cows 🐄 have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows 🐄 🐄 🐄  is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd


NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Some example of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on Carnivorous Plants here

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