Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 17th December, 2019 @ 23:01

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government

Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. chaos
  • B. doom
  • C. oligarchy
  • D. autocracy
  • E. anarchy
  • F. meritocracy

The definition of democracy as "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.

  • A. plutocracy
  • B. timocracy
  • C. technocracy
  • D. meritocracy
  • E. richocracy
  • F. autocracy

Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?

  • A. Malta
  • B. Latvia
  • C. Moldova
  • D. Estonia
  • E. Georgia
  • F. Uzbekistan

Len Academy Smart School Software

For a free trial, click here. Recommend to a school and get 25% commission for 6 academic terms

Multi-Party System:

A multi-party system is defined as a political system whereby more than two political parties within a country run for political office(s) via an election, each with a capacity to win such election either singly or in coalition.

Please read on the Concept of Party System here.

A multi-party system is quite different from a two party system in the sense that multiple political parties across a country or state run for political offices; and they all have the capacity to control the various government offices either separately or in coalition.

Please read on Two-Party System and its Characteristics here.

The multi-party system is typically popular in countries that uses the proportional representation in its government.

Note: The multi-party system have shown to be more common in the parliamentary system of government (compared to the presidential system).

Please read more on the Types of Constitution here.


Characteristics of a Multi-Party System

  1. Several parties contests for a political office with more that two parties having a reasonable chance of winning.
    Please read on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System here.

  2. It is democratic in nature.
    Please read on Democracy and Its Characteristics here.

  3. There is an existence of various parties differing in principles and fundamentals.

  4. It promotes the coalition of governments.
    Please read on Characteristics, Functions and Importance of Government here.

  5. There is always an opposition party.
    Please read on One-Party System, Its Characteristics, Advantages and Disadvantages here.

  6. Some of the opposition parties can become insignificant.

  7. All the numerous political parties are legally recognized.

  8. The voters have a variety of political aspirants to choose from.
    Please read more on Types of Democracy here.

  9. Existence of more than two parties with some good chances of winning political offices through elections.

If You are a Student, Teacher or Lover of Education, please click here to follow LEN ACADEMY on Google News

THANKS FOR READING - Please Help Share!


Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

Please Register here or Login here to contribute to this topic by commenting in the box below.


Amazing facts in Government


Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy 

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

NOTE: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.