Basic Science

Waste Management: Causes of Waste

len Alfred Ajibola - Sat, 28th December, 2019 @ 07:18: AM

Topics in Basic Science

Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS2, 2nd Term Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 3rd Term Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 2nd Term Primates - Characteristics of Primates Effects of Improper Waste Management Waste Management: Causes of Waste Concept of Mass and Weight Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Mineral Salts (Macro-nutrients) Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Mineral Salts (Micro-nutrients) Len Academy questions for Basic Science JSS1, second Term Len Academy mid-term test questions for Basic Science JSS1, 2nd Term Micro organisms causing food, water and air borne Diseases Vectors - Examples of Vectors, Vector borne Organisms and the Diseases they cause Bones of the Human Skeleton Meaning of Drugs, Type of Drugs and Side effects of Drugs Immunization, Processes involved in immunization and its importance Food: Carbohydrates and Sugars Uniqueness of Man: Unique Characteristics of Man Waste Management: Types of Waste Matter: Concept of Matter

Academic Questions in Basic Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Which of the following statement is FALSE concerning mass and weight?

  • A. Mass is the amount of matter in a body

  • B. The element hydrogen has the smallest mass

  • C. You will weigh more on planet jupiter than earth

  • D. Weight is a function of gravity

  • E. Mass and Weight have different Standard International (S.I) Units

  • F. None of the above

Which of the following statement is FALSE concerning matter?

  • A. Anything considered as matter must either have mass or occupy space

  • B. Air is an example of matter

  • C. Plasma is a state of matter

  • D. Chemistry is considered as the study of matter and the changes they undergo

  • E. Vacuum is a space completely void of matter

  • F. Matter will always take up space no matter how small or invincible it is to the eyes

Which of the following is NOT matter?

  • A. Atom

  • B. Molecule

  • C. Ion

  • D. Bacterium

  • E. Virus

  • F. None of the above

The ultimate source of energy is _____.

  1. Plant
  2. Sun
  3. Food
  4. Water
  5. Air
  6. Earth

The speed of wind is measured with a wind vane.


The nutrient majorly found in the liver is _____.

  • A. Carbohydrate
  • B. Starch
  • C. Protein
  • D. Fats
  • E. Oil
  • F. Lipids

A body at rest possess _____ energy.

  • A. Kinetic
  • B. Potential
  • C. Mechanical
  • D. Chemical



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Causes of Waste in a Society:

A material or substance is considered to be a waste if when they are no longer useful or purposeful; and are thus discarded.

In some societies, we see waste materials all around. Apart from the fact that these waste are unpleasant to the eyes, they will also negatively affect national growth and development. In addition, inappropriately disposed wastes will promote the spread of diseases and (deaths) in areas where they are present.

Please read on the Effects of Improper Waste Management here.

Below are some of the causes of increasing wastes in various societies:

1. Overpopulation

The larger the number of people in a society, the increase in the amount of waste produced.

Overpopulation will directly affect the increased turnout of waste materials from homes, market places and industries.

Note: Waste generated by the populace can be put into various types.

Please read more on Types of Waste (and Introduction to Waste Management) here.


2. Corruption

When funds allocated to waste management are siphoned, the society and its inhabitants will suffer. This is one of the many reasons for the presence of landfill waste in a society.

Corruption is a disease that eats up the society, either directly or indirectly.

Please read on the Functions of Government here.

In some cases, trucks meant to evacuate wastes from residential areas fail to show up because they are yet to be paid by the government for a previously done job.

The above instance results in the accumulation of wastes within these environments.


3. Lack of Waste Management Education and Awareness

Education is always considered as the key to every successful society.

Oftentimes, market places and even residential environments are seen to be littered with various waste materials. If the residents were properly educated on the inappropriateness and dangers of their actions, the dumping of waste in these streets (and market places) will be reduced.

Note: The power of education should never be underestimated in all facets of life.

Educating and creating awareness to the citizens of a country will go a long way in reducing waste in the affected neighborhoods.

Please read on the Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.


4. Advancement in Technology

When a nation advances in technology, there will be a corresponding increase in the production of non-biodegradable waste like metal chips, rubbers and plastics.

Please read on the Internet of Things here.

Non-biodegradable wastes cannot be broken down and hence will always persist in landfills as solid waste.


5. Laziness

Some people would rather discard their household waste just anywhere because they are too lazy to go to an appropriate waste dump site, perhaps because of distance.

Please read on Values here.


6. Avoidance of Waste Disposal Fees

Certain residents would rather litter the environment with various kinds of waste because they intend to avoid the payment of waste disposal fee (at waste disposal and management sites).

Please read more on Reputation here.


7. Lack of Recycling Industries

The presence of a few recycling industries in a society will result in the accumulation of excess waste.

When waste materials are properly recycled, new products will become cheaper since the cost of production becomes reduced from these recycled wastes. (That is, waste materials becomes raw materials for various production industries).

It is the function of production industries to pick up necessary waste materials and recycle them into new products through production.

Please read more on Production here.


8. Absence of appropriate Fines and Punishment to Offenders

When the people living in a society constantly dump waste materials anywhere; and without any form of fine or punishment; the act of improper waste disposal will be encouraged.

Personally, I feel bad each time I see people dump waste materials like the sachet, plastics, seeds and back of fruits (before or after they are consumed).

They consciously (or unconsciously) dump these wastes on the streets and major roads without any thought on the impending harmful effect of such waste.

Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of Citizens here.

Using the city of Lagos as an instance, a government agency named KAI (Kick Against Indiscipline) was previously establish to penalize and arrest offenders (that dispose waste inappropriately alongside other crimes) within the Lagos Metropolis. During this period, I discovered that city of Lagos became cleaner because most people adhered to the agency's rule while the culprits were indeed penalized.

Presently, it appears that KAI functions no longer in Lagos State. The has made some people go back to this unhealthy act.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Basic Science

Rasceta is the name given to the lines on your ✋ palm ✋

Goats have rectangular pupils in their eyes.

Think of the pupil as a hole located in the centre of the iris within of the eye.

Note: To get an idea of an iris; 'when one is said to have blue eyes', it's because the iris is blue

Among all land animals, 🐘 Elephants 🐘 have the longest gestation period.

They stay pregnant for 22 months before giving birth to their young

🦘 Kangaroos 🦘 can't walk backwards

The 🥛 milk 🥛 of an 🦛 hippopotamus 🦛 is pink in color

The seed of all fruits are present on the inside with the exception of one.

That exception is 🍓 strawberry 🍓

🍓 strawberry 🍓 has it's seed outside the fruit

It actually takes 🍍 pineapples 🍍 2 years to grow

The liquid inside a coconut 🥥 can be used as an excellent substitute for your blood plasma

Facts on Elephants - Len Academy

Elephants can't jump


The eyebrow is an area of dense, delicate hair just above the eye.

Eyebrows perform two main functions:

  1. Protects our eyes against sweat, rain, dirt and other atmospheric contaminants.
  2. It helps us express our emotions.

Eye Brow - Len Academy

Eyebrow modified in the form of Nike logo.

Note: Eyebrows can also be modified to enhance beauty.

All fruits have seeds.

There is nothing like a naturally occurring seedless fruit. Even banana, coconut and pineapple have all got seeds.

Weight can be defined as the force of gravity acting on an object.

If you traveled to space, you would be weightless because there isn't any force of gravity acting there. We all have weight on earth becasue the force of gravity acts here.

Weight is measured in Newton

Please read on the concept of Mass and Weight here

Mass is the amount or quantity of matter (substance) contained in a body. For instance, everything you are composed of, both from within and outside will make up your mass.

Mass is constant throughout the universe. You will have the same mass on earth and moon respectively.

Mass is measured in gram or kilogram and it's quite different from weight.

Matter is anything that has mass and occupy space.

Matter can exist in four states namely:

  • Solid
  • Liquid
  • Gas
  • Plasma