Government

Government - Scope of Government

len Alfred Ajibola - Sun, 29th December, 2019 @ 16:17

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government


Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.

In the above statement, government is defined _____.

  • A. As a process

  • B. As an act of governing

  • C. As an institution of a state

  • D. As an academic field o study

  • E. As a political wheel

  • F. As a machine of movement

Which of the following statement is false regarding the constitution?

  • A. No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister of a country

  • B. A constitution can be written or unwritten

  • C. The constitution consists of the fundamental human rights of citizens of a nation

  • D. The constitution does not necessarily allocate power to the different arms of government

  • E. The constitution upholds the people's sovereignty

  • F. A good constitution is neither too rigid not too flexible

A form of government whereby each state that makes up a country has the power to govern itself and manage it's own resources is known as _____.

  • A. Democracy
  • B. Communism
  • C. Federalism
  • D. Meritocracy
  • E. Autocracy
  • F. Oligarchy

The following are examples of pressure group in Nigeria except _____.

  • A. End SARS

  • B. Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)

  • C. Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)

  • D. Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)

  • E. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN)

  • H. National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS)

Which of the following is not an ethnic pressure group in Nigeria?

  • A. Bring Back our Girls (BBOG)

  • B. Afenifere

  • C. Ohanaeze Ndigbo

  • D. Middle Belt Forum (MBF)

  • E. Arewa Consultative Forum

  • F. Ijaw Youth Council (IYC)

The followings are ways to achieve gender equality except _____.

  • A. Education of the girl child

  • B. Encouraging women to go into power

  • C. Putting a stop to child marriage

  • D. Encouraging women to vote for women during elections

  • E. Empowering girls and women

  • F. Making laws that prohibits sexual harassment

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. Chaos
  • B. Doom
  • C. Oligarchy
  • D. Autocracy
  • E. Anarchy
  • F. Meritocracy

The definition of democracy as 'Government of the people, by the people and for the people' is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

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Scope of Government:

Government can be defined an institution or agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the affairs of the general welfare of the people that make up a state or country.

The above definition holds true when we consider the subject "government" as an Institution.

Note: Government may also be defined in terms of "an Academic Field of Study" or "an Act of Governing".

Please read on the various Definitions of Government and the Concept of Government here.


The Scope of Government refers to the extent or area or fields covered by government.

The scopes of Government (or Political Science at the tertiary level) can be put into 5. These are:


1. Public Administration

Public Administration deals with the ways through which people, technology and materials can be managed through the various governmental establishments in order to achieve societal goals.

Please read on the Functions of Government here.

Take for instance, the Minister of Education in your country is responsible for administering the best possible ways that people, technology and materials can be utilized to bring about quality education in your country.

Please read on the Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.

 

2. International Relations

This branch of government focuses on the foreign policies of different countries or states. It also deals with diplomacy and external relations with these foreign countries.

Please read on the Advantages of Foreign Trade here.

International Relations will also have involvements with international organizations like the United Nations Organization (UNO), European Union (EU), Organization of African Unity (OAU) and so on.

Please read on Global Acronyms and their Meanings here.

You may have observed that different countries have got their various ambassadors to other countries. Each ambassador (for each country) presents the face of their nation in their different countries of assignment; even as they relate with the country’s government.

Please read on the Characteristics of Government here.

Note: International Relations (ILR) aims to foster the relationship between different countries such that they are able work together, making treaties with one another for their respective benefits.

Please read on the Objectives of Social Studies here.

 

3. Political Institutions

Political Institutions relate to the offices of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary arms of Government.

Please read on the Arms of Government and their Functions here.

 

4. Comparative Politics

This branch of government deals with the comparative analysis (that is; the similarities and differences) between different governments, political systems and political institutions among various countries of the world.

Nigeria as an instance runs a similar form of government with the United States of America.

Please read on the Forms of Government here.

 

5. Political Thoughts or Political Theories

This division of government deals with the ideas, imaginations and thoughts that the legendary and great thinkers had regarding a state or nation.

Example of such great thinkers includes Aristotle, Plato, John Locke, Socrates, Karl Max, Martin Luther King Jr, Thomas Hobbles and so on.

Please read on various Motivational Theories and Quotes from Great Thinkers here.

Below are some of their thoughts:

  • The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them.

    Karl Max


  • Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.

    Aristotle


  • The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.

    Socrates


  • Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.

    Martin Luther King Jr.


  • Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.

    John Locke


  • Hell is truth seen too late.

    Thomas Hobbles


  • Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something.

    Plato

Please read on the Importance of Government here.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Government


NOTABLE POINTS IN Government

Dictatorship is one of the forms of Government. It can exist either as:

  1. Military Dictatorship
  2. Civilian Dictatorship

In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)

The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.

A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia

You can read more on dictatorship here

A Pressure group is defined as any formal and organized body or group of people with the same interest and whose main goal is to put pressure on any governmental institution in order to influence government policies and laws to their own gain.

An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).

Another instance of a pressure group in Nigeria is the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) group who pressured the Nigerian Government into taking appropriate actions towards the release of the 276 kidnapped female secondary students popularly referred to as the Chibok Girls, in Chibok, Bornu State, Nigeria.

Bring Back Our Girls - Len Academy

Note: These innocent female students were kidnapped by the so called "Boko Haram" on the night of April 14th - 15th, 2014.

The above pressure group was massive globally to an extent that even the first ladies of various foreign countries became a part of it.

The EndsSars is another pressure group in Nigeria. They forced the Nigerian government into scrapping the Special Anti-Robbery Squard (SARS) who had constantly brutalized the Nigerian youths.

If men and women enjoyed the same rights, same freedom, same opportunities, same resources and same rewards in all sectors of society, then that's gender equality.

Gender equality is the process of being fair to humans; both males and females.

Below are some ways towards achieving gender equality.

  • Education of the girl child

  • Encouraging women to go into power

  • Putting a stop to sexual harassment and child marriage

  • Women and girls empowerment

  • Putting a stop to harmful traditional practices against women

  • Stopping the violence and war

Please read more on gender equality and ways to achieve it here

Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

Note: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.

Please read more on the Characteristics of Democracy here.