Topics in GovernmentScheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government
Academic Questions in Government
The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.
The definition of democracy as "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" is a concept of _____.
A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.
Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?
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Government can be defined an institution or agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the affairs of the general welfare of the people that make up a state or country.
The above definition holds true when we consider the subject "government" as an Institution.
Note: Government may also be defined in terms of "an Academic Field of Study" or "an Act of Governing".
The Scope of Government refers to the extent or area or fields covered by government.
The scopes of Government (or Political Science at the tertiary level) can be put into 5. These are:
Public Administration deals with the ways through which people, technology and materials can be managed through the various governmental establishments in order to achieve societal goals.
Take for instance, the Minister of Education in your country is responsible for administering the best possible ways that people, technology and materials can be utilized to bring about quality education in your country.
This branch of government focuses on the foreign policies of different countries or states. It also deals with diplomacy and external relations with these foreign countries.
International Relations will also have involvements with international organizations like the United Nations Organization (UNO), European Union (EU), Organization of African Unity (OAU) and so on.
You may have observed that different countries have got their various ambassadors to other countries. Each ambassador (for each country) presents the face of their nation in their different countries of assignment; even as they relate with the country’s government.
Note: International Relations (ILR) aims to foster the relationship between different countries such that they are able work together, making treaties with one another for their respective benefits.
Political Institutions relate to the offices of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary arms of Government.
This branch of government deals with the comparative analysis (that is; the similarities and differences) between different governments, political systems and political institutions among various countries of the world.
Nigeria as an instance runs a similar form of government with the United States of America.
This division of government deals with the ideas, imaginations and thoughts that the legendary and great thinkers had regarding a state or nation.
Example of such great thinkers includes Aristotle, Plato, John Locke, Socrates, Karl Max, Martin Luther King Jr, Thomas Hobbles and so on.
Below are some of their thoughts:
Martin Luther King Jr.
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Amazing facts in Government
NOTABLE POINTS IN Government
Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.
An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.
Other forms of government includes:
Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
According to Abrahim Lincoln,
Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.
In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.
NOTE: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.
Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.