Government

Government - Characteristics of Government

len Alfred Ajibola - Sun, 29th December, 2019 @ 13:47

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government


Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.

In the above statement, government is defined _____.

  • A. As a process

  • B. As an act of governing

  • C. As an institution of a state

  • D. As an academic field o study

  • E. As a political wheel

  • F. As a machine of movement

Which of the following statement is false regarding the constitution?

  • A. No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister of a country

  • B. A constitution can be written or unwritten

  • C. The constitution consists of the fundamental human rights of citizens of a nation

  • D. The constitution does not necessarily allocate power to the different arms of government

  • E. The constitution upholds the people's sovereignty

  • F. A good constitution is neither too rigid not too flexible

A form of government whereby each state that makes up a country has the power to govern itself and manage it's own resources is known as _____.

  • A. Democracy
  • B. Communism
  • C. Federalism
  • D. Meritocracy
  • E. Autocracy
  • F. Oligarchy

The following are examples of pressure group in Nigeria except _____.

  • A. End SARS

  • B. Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)

  • C. Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)

  • D. Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)

  • E. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN)

  • H. National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS)

Which of the following is not an ethnic pressure group in Nigeria?

  • A. Bring Back our Girls (BBOG)

  • B. Afenifere

  • C. Ohanaeze Ndigbo

  • D. Middle Belt Forum (MBF)

  • E. Arewa Consultative Forum

  • F. Ijaw Youth Council (IYC)

The followings are ways to achieve gender equality except _____.

  • A. Education of the girl child

  • B. Encouraging women to go into power

  • C. Putting a stop to child marriage

  • D. Encouraging women to vote for women during elections

  • E. Empowering girls and women

  • F. Making laws that prohibits sexual harassment

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. Chaos
  • B. Doom
  • C. Oligarchy
  • D. Autocracy
  • E. Anarchy
  • F. Meritocracy

The definition of democracy as 'Government of the people, by the people and for the people' is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

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Characteristics of Government:

Recall that government is an institution or agency that is established to manage the affairs and general welfare of the people that make up a state or country.

As an instance, within your country, you probably have got good roads, clean water, good healthcare system and quality educational system; all of which are a function of your government; (that is; it is your government that makes these infrastructures possible).

Please read on the Functions of Government here.

Note: Government as an entity has its various characteristics or features that defines it.

Below are some of the observable features of a Government:


1. Law

It is the function of the government to make law; and these laws are entrenched in the constitution.

Please read on the Constitution here.

To be more specific, the legislative arm of government is responsible for the making of law. For this reason, people will often refer to the legislators as the lawmakers of a country or state.

Please read on the Arms of Government here.

 

2. Power

The government has the ability to exercise authority over its citizens because it wields political power.

Take for instance, the Minister of Housing (who is also a part of the Government) may approve the demolishment of buildings in a certain community in order to recreate a better design for such community.

From the above instance, the owners of such buildings may disagree with the opinion of the minister; and the best they can do regarding their disagreement is to go to another arm of government and that’s through the courts.

Please read on the subject "Government" and Definitions of Government here.

Note: Remember that the Judges and Justices (of various courts) are a part of the government since they make up the judiciary arm of government.

 

3. Revenue

Since it’s the role of the government to give its citizens security, good roads, quality education and other good stuffs, then a lot of money will be needed to accomplish these purposes.

Government must therefore generate revenue (money) through various means such as:

 

4. Legitimacy or Public Support

Every government must be generally recognized and accepted by the people.

Ideally, a good government is never imposed on the people as we had seen or heard in military and dictatorship rule.

Please read on the various Forms of Government here.

Note: The legitimately of a government is a function of democracy.

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

Abraham Lincoln.

Please read on the Types of Democracy here.

Note: Power is vested on the people in democracy. This power is exercised in the choosing of their leaders through their votes.

Please read on the Fundamental Human Rights here.

 

5. Periodic Change

No government is permanent. This means that no government can rule forever.

Taking Nigeria as a reference, an election must be conducted once every four years so that her citizens can choose their President, Governors, Senators, Local Government Chairmen and so on. This is what democracy entails; and as a result, no one can rule forever in a democratic system of government.

Please read on Democracy and its Characteristics here.

 

6. Workforce

Every government must have men and women who will assist in implementing and interpreting the various government policies in the civil space.

Please read on Civic Responsibility and "Who is a Citizen?" here.

I want to assume that you probably would know someone who works with or for the government of your country.

Please read on the Meaning, Scope and Importance of Business Studies here.

Note: The workforces are paid by the government for their respective jobs.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Government


NOTABLE POINTS IN Government

Dictatorship is one of the forms of Government. It can exist either as:

  1. Military Dictatorship
  2. Civilian Dictatorship

In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)

The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.

A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia

You can read more on dictatorship here

A Pressure group is defined as any formal and organized body or group of people with the same interest and whose main goal is to put pressure on any governmental institution in order to influence government policies and laws to their own gain.

An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).

Another instance of a pressure group in Nigeria is the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) group who pressured the Nigerian Government into taking appropriate actions towards the release of the 276 kidnapped female secondary students popularly referred to as the Chibok Girls, in Chibok, Bornu State, Nigeria.

Bring Back Our Girls - Len Academy

Note: These innocent female students were kidnapped by the so called "Boko Haram" on the night of April 14th - 15th, 2014.

The above pressure group was massive globally to an extent that even the first ladies of various foreign countries became a part of it.

The EndsSars is another pressure group in Nigeria. They forced the Nigerian government into scrapping the Special Anti-Robbery Squard (SARS) who had constantly brutalized the Nigerian youths.

If men and women enjoyed the same rights, same freedom, same opportunities, same resources and same rewards in all sectors of society, then that's gender equality.

Gender equality is the process of being fair to humans; both males and females.

Below are some ways towards achieving gender equality.

  • Education of the girl child

  • Encouraging women to go into power

  • Putting a stop to sexual harassment and child marriage

  • Women and girls empowerment

  • Putting a stop to harmful traditional practices against women

  • Stopping the violence and war

Please read more on gender equality and ways to achieve it here

Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

Note: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.

Please read more on the Characteristics of Democracy here.