Government

Government - Characteristics of Government

len Alfred Ajibola - Sun, 29th December, 2019 @ 13:47

Topics in Government

Arms of Government: Functions of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government


Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Democracy is defined as a government formed by the consent of the governed.

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is not a type of democracy?

  • A. Peripheral democracy

  • B. Direct democracy

  • C. Islamic democracy

  • D. Representative democracy

  • E. Participatory democracy

  • F. Authoritarian democracy

Which of the following is not a characteristics of democracy?

  • A. Kingdom supracy

  • B. Rule of law

  • C. Political equality

  • D. Separation of power

  • E. Freedom of expression

  • F. Popular sovereignty

The following are functions of government except _____.

  • A. To provide free money for her citizens

  • B. To make laws as contained in the constitution

  • C. To defend and protect the lives and properties of her citizens

  • D. To provide a justice system

  • E. To generate revenue for the country

  • F. To maintain law and order through the law enforcement agencies

Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.

In the above statement, government is defined _____.

  • A. As a process

  • B. As an act of governing

  • C. As an institution of a state

  • D. As an academic field o study

  • E. As a political wheel

  • F. As a machine of movement

Which of the following statement is false regarding the constitution?

  • A. No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister of a country

  • B. A constitution can be written or unwritten

  • C. The constitution consists of the fundamental human rights of citizens of a nation

  • D. The constitution does not necessarily allocate power to the different arms of government

  • E. The constitution upholds the people's sovereignty

  • F. A good constitution is neither too rigid not too flexible

A form of government whereby each state that makes up a country has the power to govern itself and manage it's own resources is known as _____.

  • A. Democracy
  • B. Communism
  • C. Federalism
  • D. Meritocracy
  • E. Autocracy
  • F. Oligarchy

The following are examples of pressure group in Nigeria except _____.

  • A. End SARS

  • B. Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)

  • C. Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)

  • D. Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)

  • E. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN)

  • H. National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS)

LEN ACADEMY SMART SCHOOL SOFTWARE

Image

Read more on its smart academic features here

Please click here to kindly support education


Characteristics of Government:

Recall that government is an institution or agency that is established to manage the affairs and general welfare of the people that make up a state or country.

As an instance, within your country, you probably have got good roads, clean water, good healthcare system and quality educational system; all of which are a function of your government; (that is; it is your government that makes these infrastructures possible).

Please read on the Functions of Government here.

Note: Government as an entity has its various characteristics or features that defines it.

Below are some of the observable features of a Government:


1. Law

It is the function of the government to make law; and these laws are entrenched in the constitution.

Please read on the Constitution here.

To be more specific, the legislative arm of government is responsible for the making of law. For this reason, people will often refer to the legislators as the lawmakers of a country or state.

Please read on the Arms of Government here.

 

2. Power

The government has the ability to exercise authority over its citizens because it wields political power.

Take for instance, the Minister of Housing (who is also a part of the Government) may approve the demolishment of buildings in a certain community in order to recreate a better design for such community.

From the above instance, the owners of such buildings may disagree with the opinion of the minister; and the best they can do regarding their disagreement is to go to another arm of government and that’s through the courts.

Please read on the subject "Government" and Definitions of Government here.

Note: Remember that the Judges and Justices (of various courts) are a part of the government since they make up the judiciary arm of government.

 

3. Revenue

Since it’s the role of the government to give its citizens security, good roads, quality education and other good stuffs, then a lot of money will be needed to accomplish these purposes.

Government must therefore generate revenue (money) through various means such as:

 

4. Legitimacy or Public Support

Every government must be generally recognized and accepted by the people.

Ideally, a good government is never imposed on the people as we had seen or heard in military and dictatorship rule.

Please read on the various Forms of Government here.

Note: The legitimately of a government is a function of democracy.

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

Abraham Lincoln.

Please read on the Types of Democracy here.

Note: Power is vested on the people in democracy. This power is exercised in the choosing of their leaders through their votes.

Please read on the Fundamental Human Rights here.

 

5. Periodic Change

No government is permanent. This means that no government can rule forever.

Taking Nigeria as a reference, an election must be conducted once every four years so that her citizens can choose their President, Governors, Senators, Local Government Chairmen and so on. This is what democracy entails; and as a result, no one can rule forever in a democratic system of government.

Please read on Democracy and its Characteristics here.

 

6. Workforce

Every government must have men and women who will assist in implementing and interpreting the various government policies in the civil space.

Please read on Civic Responsibility and "Who is a Citizen?" here.

I want to assume that you probably would know someone who works with or for the government of your country.

Please read on the Meaning, Scope and Importance of Business Studies here.

Note: The workforces are paid by the government for their respective jobs.

Please click here to follow Len Academy on Google News.

Please like and follow our official facebook page here for great educational write-ups.

You can follow Len Academy on twitter here.Thank you.


Kindly share this article via the links below:


len

Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


Please Register here or Login here to contribute to this topic by commenting in the box below.

CONTRIBUTE TO THIS TOPIC | ASK A QUESTION


Amazing facts in Government


NOTABLE POINTS IN Government

The organs of government (also referred to as arms of government or branches of government) are:

  1. Executive

  2. Legislature

  3. Judiciary

These three arms of government serves as a separation of power.

Separation of Power implies that they carry out their distinct (separate) functions and responsibilities in accordance to the nation's constitution.

The president (who is number one citizen of a country and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces) is the head of the executive arm of government. It is the responsibility of the executive to enforce or execute the law.

 

The legislature is a group of elected persons who are required to make law.

In Nigeria, the legislature consist of the bicameral National Assembly which are:

  1. The upper house or chamber (Senate)
  2. The lower house or chamber (House of Representative)

 

The judiciary is an independent arm of government whose power is enforced in the courts.

Like the Executive and Legislature, they function under the guidance of the constitution.

Please read more on the organs of government here

Below are some functions of the executive arm of government:

  1. They ensure the security of the citizens in a country.

  2. The executive cannot pass laws into the constitution. Instead, they can forward bills to the legislature (or parliament) which will deliberate upon it. (Think of 'bill' as a proposal to be made into law; which will be submitted to the parliament in the form of a draft act).

  3. It is the president's responsibility to provide quality healthcare system, education, good roads (transport system), power, labour and finance through his ministers. For instance, the minister of agriculture oversees the affairs of agriculture in a nation. The ministers may also be accountable to the national assembly with regards to how they go about their ministries.

  4. They bring about maintenance of law and order in a country through the National Security Agencies (NSA) like the police, army, navy and air force.

  5. They prepare and execute the nation’s budget.

  6. The president approves the law into the constitution.

Plesse read more on the functions of executive, legislative and judiciary arms of government here

No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister.

  • The constitution is the supreme law in a country, nation or state.

  • The constitution specifies how the nation or state should be governed.

  • The constitution gives power to the different organs of government; (that is,  the executive, judiciary and legislature).

  • The constitution consists of all the fundamental human rights of the people.

Juxtaposing the above points, below is a definition for the term constitution:

Constitution is a supreme law that specifies the government of a nation, the distribution of powers to the different organs of government within that nation and the fundamental rights of all her citizens.

Please read more on the constitution here

Below are some qualities or characteristics of a constitution

  • It is neither too rigid nor too flexible.

  • It accounts for the rule of law, de-centralization of power, an independent Judiciary system and processes of election transparency.

  • It accounts for the fundament human rights of the people.

  • It allocates power to the different arms of government.

  • It must uphold the people’s sovereignty.

  • It is written systematically.

You can read on the Types of Constitution here.

Dictatorship is one of the forms of Government. It can exist either as:

  1. Military Dictatorship
  2. Civilian Dictatorship

In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)

The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.

A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia

You can read more on dictatorship here