Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 14th January, 2020 @ 13:41

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government

Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. chaos
  • B. doom
  • C. oligarchy
  • D. autocracy
  • E. anarchy
  • F. meritocracy

The definition of democracy as "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.

  • A. plutocracy
  • B. timocracy
  • C. technocracy
  • D. meritocracy
  • E. richocracy
  • F. autocracy

Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?

  • A. Malta
  • B. Latvia
  • C. Moldova
  • D. Estonia
  • E. Georgia
  • F. Uzbekistan

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What are Pressure Groups?

To begin with, one of the meanings of the word "pressure" is to coerce or persuade someone into doing something.

I believe you may have seen or encounter one or more groups who attempt to stand for their rights or the rights of others. These groups are important and interesting to study because they may influence not only governmental policies through their actions, but also political institutions, the society, a person or group.

Please read on Pressure Groups in Nigeria here.

A Pressure group is defined as any formal and organized body or group with a common interest and whose main aim is to put pressure on any governmental institution with the goal of influencing government policies and laws to their own advantage.

Please read on Characteristics of Pressure Group here.

Pressure groups are present in every country of the world. Ideally, they do not go directly into politics; but oftentimes, they will stand by some political parties and even promote their cause or quest.

Please read on Multi-Party System, its Characteristics, Advantages and Disadvantages here.

An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).

Types of Pressure Group 

The people who make up each pressure group will determine what type it will be.

Below are the various types of pressure groups:

  1. Religious Pressure Group: They raise concerns to government over religious issues. Examples include the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN) and Nigerian Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA).

    Please read on the Sovereignty of God here.

  2. Gender Pressure Group: They fight for gender based interest.

    Please read on Gender Equality and Ways to achieve it here.

  3. Social Pressure Group: They promote the interest of their group; for instance Girl's Guide.

    Please read on Self-Esteem here.

  4. Economic Pressure Group: They focus mainly on the economic progress of their members. Example are the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN) and National Motorcycle and Tricycle Riders Association (NMTRA).

    Please read on Consumer Right and Protection here.

  5. Ethnic Pressure Group: They stand for their cultural interests. Examples of ethnic pressure groups present in Nigeria include Ohanaeze Ndigbo, Odua Peoples Congress (OPC) and Arewa Peoples Congress (APC).

    Please read on the Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria here.

  6. Professional Pressure Group: They comprise of persons with similar profession or occupation; and will always stand up for the work they do. An example is the "Nigeria Bar Association" (NBA).

    Please read on Business and Characteristics of Business here.

  7. Anomic Pressure Group: This group uses violence and demonstrations to achieve their goal of interest. The "Student Riot Group" (SRG) is an instance here.

    Please read on the Origin of Cultism in Nigeria here.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Government


Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy 

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

NOTE: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.