Agricultural Science

Agricultural tools and their uses

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 12th February, 2019 @ 3:10 PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Importance of forest: Forest reserves in Nigeria Wildlife reserves in Nigeria and its importance Prevention and Control of Crop Pests Economic Importance of Crop Pests Classification of Insect Pests and their Economic Importance Agricultural Machines and their Uses Soil Erosion: Causes of Soil Erosion Ways to prevent Soil Erosion Asexual Propagation in Plants, Types and Examples Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Third Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural terms (P - Q) Agricultural Terms: Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q), part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture


Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Cordage is made from _____ crop.

  • A. Food

  • B. Fibre

  • C. Ornamental

  • D. Oil

  • E. Cash

  • F. Vegetables and Spice

_____ is defined as the solid and arable part of the earth where agricultural activities are be carried out.

  • A. Soil

  • B. Farmland

  • C. Agricultural land

  • D. Biosphere

  • E. Open land

  • F. Planting and grazing land

Gymnosperms and angiosperms are seed bearing plants under the division spermatophyta?

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is false concerning gymnosperms?

  • A. Cones are present

  • B. Sepals are present

  • C. Petals are absent

  • D. Only seeds are produced

  • E. Sporophyll form the cones

  • F. In seed formation, the ovules aren't present in the ovary

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning seeds?

  • A. The ovary develops into the seed after fertilization

  • B. The embryo in the seed develops into a young plant

  • C. The seed's endosperm serve as a source of food reserve for the developing embryo

  • D. A seed has its own genotype

  • E. Seeds are products of sexual reproduction

  • F. Apomictic seeds aren't produced sexually and the hawkseed is an example

The _____ is the reproductive organ in plant's sexual reproduction.

  • A. Pollen grain

  • B. Ova

  • C. Sperm

  • D. Flower

  • E. Fruit

  • F. Seed

In flowering plants, fertilization occurs when the _____ comes into contact with the ova (as genetic materials are eventually exchanged).

  • A. Sperm

  • B. Endosperm

  • C. Exosperm

  • D. Stigma

  • E. Ovule

  • F. Pollen grain

The fusion of sperm and ova in animals leads to the formation of _____.

  • A. Foetus

  • B. Embryo

  • C. Ovary

  • D. Neonate

  • E. Zygote

  • F. Egg

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Farm Tools and their Uses:

Farm tools consist of all the instruments used in farmlands for the purpose of making the farm work easy. Some are simple hand tools which are often manually used on small farmlands while others are large agricutural machines utilized on a much bigger farmlands.

Mechanized farming is the term for describing the use of agricutural machines on farmlands.

Please read on the definition and meanings of various agricutural terms here.

Below are some of the simple farm tools and their uses:

 

1. Cutlass

Cutlass - Len Academy

  • It is used for cutting tree branches, weeds and other plant materials in farmlands.
  • It is used for digging superficial holes for the planting of seeds.
  • It can be used for harvesting crops like sugarcane.
  • Cutlass is also utilized in the planting of crops like melon.
  • It may also be used in the clearing of bushes.

Please read on the differences between plants and crops here.

 

2. Shovel

Shovel - Len Academy

  • It is used for digging the soil.
  • It’s also the used to mix the soil and move trash away from it.

 

3. Spade

Spade - Len Academy

  • It’s very similar to the shovel.
  • It’s used for mixing and digging the soil.
  • It can also used for leveling up the soil.

 

4. Hoe

Hoe - Len Academy

  • We have a variety of hoes.
  • They are generally used for tilling the soil.
  • They are used for making trenches in farmlands.
  • A hoe is utilized in harvesting crops like yam and cocoyam.
  • They are also used for cutting weeds on farmlands.

Please read on soil erosion here.

 

5. Bolo

Bolo - Len Academy

  • It is used to cut weeds from the soil.

Please read on the problems of agriculture in Nigeria here.

 

6. Wheelbarrow

Wheelbarrow - Len Academy

  • It is used for carrying various materials on the farmland from one place to another.

 

7. Rake

Rake - Len Academy

  • It is used for removing dirt from the soil.
  • It’s also used to level the top soil.

 

8. Hand Trowel

Hand Trowel - Len Academy

 

9. Sickle

Sickle - Len Academy

  • A sickle looks like a question mark (?).
  • It’s used for harvesting plants like rice and wheat.

 

10. Hand Fork

Hand Fork - Len Academy

  • It is used for mixing soil and organic matter.
  • It can also be used for inter-row cultivation.

 

11. Secateurs

Secateurs - Len Academy

  • It looks like a pair of scissors.
  • It’s used for trimming flowers and leaves.
  • It is also used for pruning the branches of shrubs.

 

12. Shears

Shears - Len Academy

  • It looks like a big pair of scissors.
  • It’s used for trimming ornamental plants.
  • It is also used for pruning trees.

 

13. Axe

Axe - Len Academy

  • It is used to cut stems and thick sized branches of trees.
  • It is also used to divide big stems of trees into smaller parts.

 

14. Pickaxe

Pickaxe - Len Academy

  • A pickaxe consists of a long wooden handle with a sharp double headed thick metallic blade attached at one end.
  • It is used for digging and breaking up hard soil.
  • It is also used in uprooting tree stumps.

 

15. Crowbar

Crowbar - Len Academy

  • A crowbar is used for digging out stones or stumps.
  • It can also function as a lever arm.

 

16. Watering Can | Sprinkler

Watering Can / Sprinkler - Len Academy

  • It is used for applying water to crops and seedlings.
  • It’s also used for applying liquid fertilizer on the soil.

Please read on agricutural land and their uses here.

 

17. Sprayers

Sprayers - Len Academy

 

18. Hammer

Hammer - Len Academy

 

19. Mallet

Mallet - Len Academy

  • Mallets are similar to hammers except that its entire body is composed of wood.
  • It’s used for hitting woods into the ground.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Peanuts are legumes and not nuts

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments

Squirrels do plant more trees (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them

Cows have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd


NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

Below are some common types of erosion:

  • Water Erosion: It is caused by rainfall and flooding on the topsoil. As a result of water erosion, some layers of the topsoil are lost.

  • Sheet Erosion: When an entire surface of land becomes eroded at a uniform (equal) level, such is referred to as sheet erosion. It is shown below:
    Sheet Erosion - Len Academy

  • Wind Erosion: It results from the actions of wind on a bare land. Wind erosion is often seen in deserts. Overgrazing and lack of vegetation cover will also enhance wind erosion on topsoil.

Please read more on types of soil erosion here.

Soil erosion is defined as a process through which the topsoil is removed or moved from one point to another by agents like wind, water, man and animals.

Soil erosion occurs naturally (wind and water) and may also be facilitated by living organisms.

Soil erosion is more likely to occur on a sloppy land and land with no vegetation cover. When this occurs, the nutrient rich layer of the topsoil is washed away; and this ultimately results in fewer plants growing on such eroded soil.

Please read more on soil erosion here

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Examples of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on carnivorous plants here