Topics in GovernmentCharacteristics, Functions and Importance of Government Definitions and Branches of Government Organs or Arms or Branches of Government Meaning, Types, Qualities and Importance of Constitution Meaning, Types and Characteristics of Pressure Group Gender Equality and how we can achieve it
Academic Questions in Government
Recall that government is an institution or agency that is established to manage the affairs and general welfare of the people that make up a state or country. For instance, within your country, you probably have got good roads, clean water, good healthcare system and quality educational system; all of which are a function of your government; (that is, it is your government that makes these infrastructures possible). Please read on the various definitions of government here.
Government as an entity has its various characteristics or features that defines it. This means that in any government, you will always observe the following features:
It is the function of the government to make law. These laws are entrenched in the constitution. To be more specific, the legislative arm of government is responsible for the making of law. (That’s why people often refer to the legislators as the lawmakers). Please read on the constitution here and arms of government here to get the bigger picture.
Believe it or not, the government has the ability to exercise authority over its citizens because they wield political power. Take for instance, the minister of housing (who is also a part of the government) may approve the demolishment of buildings in a certain community in order to recreate a better design for such community. The owners of such building may disagree with the opinion of the minister; and the best they can do regarding their disagreement is to go to the government once again and that’s through the courts. (Remember that the court judges are a part of the government since they make up the judiciary arm of government).
When you hear statements like “This political party is in power”; that implies that the members of such political party are in government and automatically, power is attributed to them by virtue of the constitution.
Since it’s the role of the government to give its citizens security, good roads, quality education and other good stuffs, then a lot of money will be needed to accomplish these purposes. Government must therefore generate revenue (money) through various means such as:
Every government must be generally recognized and accepted by the people. Ideally, a good government is never imposed on the people as we have seen or heard in military or dictatorship rule. This is why you may have come across the term “democracy” regarding government related issues.
Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people; as quoted by Abraham Lincoln.
Power is vested on the people in democracy and its exercise in the choosing of their leaders through their votes.
No government is permanent; that is, no government can rule forever. Taking Nigeria as a reference, an election must be conducted every four years so that her citizens can choose their president, governors, senators and so on. This is what democracy entails and as a result, no one can rule forever in a democratic system of government.
Every government must have men and women who will assist in implementing and interpreting the various government policies in the civil space. I want to assume that you probably would know someone who works with or for the government of your country.
Note: The workforces are paid by the government for their respective jobs.
Note: The functions of government is the same thing as "Roles of government"
Note: The importance of government is the same thing as "Reasons for having a government"
Amazing facts in Government
NOTABLE POINTS IN Government