Civic Education

Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy

len Alfred Ajibola - Sun, 29th December, 2019 @ 13:33

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils

Regarding honesty, the following statements are correct except _____.

  • A. The act of honesty goes beyond not telling a lie

  • B.  Loyalty is a requirement for honesty

  • C. A honest person is truthful to himself and others

  • D. A person may say a truth and yet be dishonest

  • E. A person becomes dependable when he or she is honest

  • F. None of the above

Which of the following statement is false concerning illiteracy?

  • A. Medical issues like dyslexia and dysorthographia does not contribute to illiteracy in developing nations

  • B. A person who can read and write in Chinese Language but not in English Language is not considered as an illiterate

  • C. According to statistics, about 30% of the world population are illiterate

  • D. A lack of awareness can result to illiteracy

  • E. Cultures that prohibit the education of a girl child will promote illiteracy

  • F. Illiteracy generally has a negative effect on the societies or communities where they exist

The following are consequences of illiteracy except _____.

  • A. Increased crime within the society

  • B. Increased rate of child marriage

  • C. Frustration

  • D. Illiterate people may lack knowledge of their fundamental human rights; and thus may not exercise it

  • E. Illiteracy promotes illiteracy

  • F. Illiteracy promotes cooperation although the people lack education

Which of the following is not a fundamental human rights?

  • A. Right to Nationality

  • B. Right to proper Standard of Living

  • C. Right to Behave however we want

  • D. Right to be Happy

  • E. Right to Pay Tax

  • F. Right to become a Celibate

Which of the following isn't a characteristics statement of the human rights?

  • A. They are fundamental

  • B. They are inalienable

  • C. They are non-discriminatory

  • D. They are indivisible

  • E. They are universal

  • F. They are unconnected or separate

A young boy places his values on education; and does everything possible to achieve his educational dreams. This type of value is referred to as _____ value.

  • A. Educational
  • B. Academic
  • C. Positive
  • D. Intrinsic
  • E. Innate
  • F. School

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above



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What is illiteracy?

Simply put, illiteracy is when a person can neither read nor write (in any language). As an instance, when a person is able to read and write in Chinese language but not in English Language; such a person is not an illiterate because he or she can read and write (in at least, one language).

Note: We should not be quick to judge anyone as illiterate just because they cannot read nor write in our preferred language.

According to statistics, about 30% of the world’s population are considered to be illiterate.

Generally, illiteracy has negative effects on the people and the society.

Please read on the Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.


Causes of illiteracy

The factors that contributes to illiteracy in a society are explained below:

1. Poverty: In countries where the Basic Child Education is not free, poor parents will find it difficult to send their children or wards to school.

Recall that Education is one of the Fundamental Human Rights.

Please read on the Fundamental Human Rights here.

The Government of every Nation should therefore put in place free education, especially for the poor in the society.

2. Medical Problems: This may result from learning disability such as dyslexia (a situation where children have difficulty in reading), dysorthographia (a learning disability whereby children have difficulty in writing) or even physical disability like blindness, deafness and dumbness.

Education may become difficult for children with any of the above medical conditions, especially those from poor background.

Please read on Arterial Disorders here.

3. Little or no Awareness: Ignorance is considered by many as an "infectious disease". For instance, a person ignorant of HIV and AIDS is more likely to contact it because because he or she has no knowledge of its prevention.

Sadly, some uneducated parents living in rural areas are yet to understand the importance of education; even in this modern age.

Please read on Meaning and Objectives of Social Studies here.

Creating awareness on the importance of children and adult education will go a long way to encourage education, especially in the rural areas.

4. No Parental Support: Children without parents (orphans) may be adopted by families, only to end up as slaves without education in such families.

If the government fail to make good policies on behalf of these orphans, some may end up as street beggars or even criminals.

Please read on the Functions of Government here.

5. Illiteracy in Parents: Illiteracy is seen more in the rural areas. This is so because some or most of the parents living in rural areas are uneducated (especially in developing Nations).

The parents living in rural areas may not give priority or significance to education because they understand very little about the importance of education.

Note: Educated parent always know and appreciate the importance of education. To this end, they will put in their best to send their children or wards to school.

6. Culture: Certain culture may completely prohibit the education of a girl child for reasons best known to them.

Please read on the Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria here.

Note: All hand must be on deck on reorienting the people whose culture prohibits female education.

Please read on Gender Equality and ways to Achieve it here.

7. Corruption: A corrupt government may likely embezzle the budgetary allocation reserved for education; to the detriment of the masses.

Some may put in place very little structure and allocation towards education. Whenever this happens, the educational sector suffers.

Please read on the various Forms of Government here.

8. Lack of Schools: In some developing countries, certain Local Government Areas (LGA's) have very few or no schools. Children living in these LGA's are likely to have little, poor or no education.

I had a practical experience as a corper (NYSC) in Nigeria. The Local Government Area where I served had no Government Secondary School.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct Cooperation
  • Indirect Cooperation
  • Social Cooperation
  • Religious Cooperation
  • Financial Cooperation
  • Community Cooperation
  • Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here