ICT

The internet and world wide web explained

len Alfred Ajibola - 09th February, 2019 @ 1:47 PM

Topics in ICT

Routers, Types and Functions of Routers Computer scheme of work, SS1, First Term Computer scheme of work, SS1, Second Term Computer scheme of work, SS1, Third Term Computer Networks and Types of Computer Network Domain Name System: How DNS works and Types of DNS Servers Open Systems Interconnect - Layers of the OSI Model Internet of Things (IoT), How IoT works, its advantages and challenges How to consume less data on android phone Best Programming Languages to learn The internet and world wide web explained Computer Hardware, Parts and Functions of Computer Hardware


Academic Questions in ICT

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

What is the first step towards disabling automatic image download on WhatsApp?

  • A. Click on the three dots on the top right hand corner

  • B. Click on the WhatsApp logo

  • C. Click on the settings icon on the top right corner

  • D. Click on the settings icon located on the to top-center of the app

  • E. Click directly on the storage and data icon located on the top right corner

  • F. Click on the mobile data usage icon located on the top right corner

The followings are ways to conserve data on android phones except _____.

  • A. Turning on data saving mode

  • B. Activating background apps

  • C. Use of Wi-Fi to update apps

  • D. Disable automatic image download on WhatsApp

  • E. Watch low resolution videos on youtube

  • F. Utilizing a reputable data saving app on google playstore

Twitter was launched in _____.

  • A. 2003

  • B. 2004

  • C. 2005

  • D. 2006

  • E. 2007

  • F. 2008

Due to the limitation of the Internet Protocol version 4 address, _____ was created.

  • A. IPv5

  • B. IPv6

  • C. IPv7

  • D. IPv8

  • E. IPv9

  • F. IPv10

The term _____ describes the billions of physical devices that will be connected to the internet.

  • A. Internet of Everything

  • B. Internet of Physical Devices

  • C. Internet of Things

  • D. Internet of Objects

  • E. Internetworking

  • F. Internetworking of Objects

A globally interconnected network system that utilizes TCP and IP to transmit data via various media is the _____.

  • A. World Wide Web (www)

  • B. Http

  • C. Https

  • D. Https://www

  • E. LAN

  • F. Internet

Power Supply Unit - Len Academy

The above image shows the _____ in a computer.

  • A. Expansion slot

  • B. Hard Disc Drive

  • C. Optical Drive

  • D. Power Supply Unit

  • E. Motherboard

  • F. Synchronous Dynamic Ram

The clock speed of a computer is the speed at which the _____.

  • A. HDD saves data

  • B. FDS saves data

  • C. SSD saves data

  • D. GPU receives and sends data

  • E. CPU processes data

  • F. RAM transfers data

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The Internet:

The internet is a globally connected network system that uses the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP) to transmit data via various types of media.

To better comprehend the TCP and IP protocols, please read on the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) model of networking here.

The media required to make internet communication work include fiber-optics, copper cables and wireless technologies.

For now, think of the internet as a public network that spans the entire globe. It is generally considered as the Network of all networks because of its massive size.

Anyone with an internet enabled device (with data) can be connected to the internet. In fact, you are connected to the internet in order to read this article.


Although sometimes used interchangeably by various persons, the terms internet and world wide web are actually not the same thing.


Think of the world wide web (www) as all the documents, files (images, videos, PDF, text and so on) located on various servers in different parts of the world. To this end, this article you're reading is only one of the billions of files that make up the world wide web. In short, this article you're reading is located on a server somewhere (world wide web) and you require an internet to access it.

In practical terms, you probably visit various websites on the web. The respective pages (visited by you) on all of these websites are a part of the world wide web. Apparently, it is practically impossible for a person to visit all the web pages (world wide web) of all websites.


A person will need to connect to the internet in order to access the world wide web; that is, the various files (web pages) stored in different servers around the world. To this end, you are connected to this webpage of Len Academy via an internet enabled phone or computer

The internet is the largest form of network. It is often referred as the 'mother of all networks'. Our world today is considered as a global village, all thanks to the internet.

Please read more on computer networks here.


The Internet grew from the 'Advanced Research Projects Agency's Wide Area Network' (ARPANET).

Interestingly, it was the US Department of Defense (DoD) that established the TCP/IP protocols which efficiently serves as the core of the internet (inter-networking).

TCP/IP is presently the backbone or core of internet technology.

You can read on the internet of things (IoT) here.


With the above explanations the internet and world wide web, let's consider the various events and their respective year of commencement regarding internet evolution.


1972: Email over a network was introduced by BBN’s Ray Tomlinson.


1973: Internetworking became a reality when the University College of London and Royal Radar Establishment made connection to ARPANET. The term 'internet' (which means a network containing all networks) was born.


1974: The first Internet Service Provider (ISP) came into existence.


1982: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), commonly referred to as TCP/IP, emerged as the protocol for ARPANET. To this day, it still remains the standard protocol of the Internet.


1983: The Domain Name System (DNS) created the '.com .edu .gov .org and .net' systems for naming websites.
Please read more on DNS here.


1985: The first registered domain name - 'symbolics.com' came into existence.


1987: The number of hosts (that is, computers, phones and other devices that can be connected to the internet) exceeded 20,000.


1987: Cisco made its first router.
Please read on routers here.


1991: The world wide web (www) was introduced to the public by CERN.


1992: The first audio and video were uploaded over the internet.


1992: The phrase 'surfing the Internet' became popular.


1993: The number of websites reached 600.


1993: White House and United Nations go online.


1994: Microsoft creates a Web browser for Windows 95.


1994: Yahoo! is created by Jerry Yang and David Filo.


1995 Amazon and eBay were launched online.


1995: Match.com became the first online dating site to be launched.


1996: 'The Dancing Baby' becomes the first viral internet video.


1997: Netflix is founded by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph.


1998: Google search engine came into existence.


1998: The Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPV6) is introduced to cover up for the potential insufficient IPV4 addresses.


1999: Netscape is bought by AOL.


2000: Yahoo! and eBay services became temporarily unavailable as they were hit by the Denial of Service attack (DoS).


2003: The worm 'SQL Slammer' spread over the internet within 10 minutes.


2003: Skype, Myspace and the Safari Web browser came into existence.


2003: WordPress is launched.


2004: Facebook goes online.


2004: Mozilla Firefox browser is launched.


2005: YouTube is born.


2005: Reddit is launched.


2006: Twitter is launched.


2006: Jack Dorsey, the founder of twitter, sends out the very first tweet: 'just setting up my twttr'.


2009: The Internet marked its 40th year of existence.


2010: Facebook had 400 million active users.


2010: Pinterest is launched.


2010: Instagram is born.


2015: Twitter reached 316 million users.


2015: Instagram reached 400 million users.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in ICT

YouTube is a video-sharing platform which commenced operations on February 14, 2005 (Valentine's day). Three former PayPal employees -> Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim created the YouTube service (as a dating app) until Google bought it in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion

Smoking near a Mac device - Len Academy

Smoking near an Apple (Mac) computer voids the warranty.

When you add /4 to the end of Facebook's URL, it will take you to Mark Zuckerberg.

You can try it on you own; or better still, try the link below:

facebook.com/4

Apple iPad retina - Len Academy

Apple iPad retina display is actually manufactured by Samsung

The big five tech companies of the world as at 2018 are :

Google

Apple

Facebook

Amazon

Microsoft


NOTABLE POINTS IN ICT

Computer Network is a group of computers that are linked to each other such that they can share resources.

Generally, these groups of computers that form a network are called nodes.

Some of these nodes will function to store information which will be served to other computers. The nodes that function to store and serve such information are known as servers.

Some of the computers (nodes) will request information from the server. The computers that functions to request information from the server are known as clients.

Please read on computer networks here

The internet and the world wide web (www) isn't the same thing.

The internet is formed from the joining or linking of different networks.

For instance, Google's network, Facebook's network and Yahoo's network are among the many other networks that make up the internet.

World Wide Web on the other hand is a collection of linked pages (for instance, this page you're on).

There are actually billions of linked pages in various servers around the world.

You require the internet and a web browser to get to access the World Wide Web

Please read more on the internet here

Types of Networks based on geographical size

  1. Personal Area Network (PAN): An instance is a Bluetooth connection between two devices.

  2. Local Area Network (LAN): This is the network under a single administrative control and usually within a building.

  3. Campus Area Network (CAN): This network connects various devices within a campus or college

  4. Metropolitan Area Network (MAN): This network connects two offices or companies within a city.

  5. Wide Area Network (WAN): This network connects devices throughout the globe. The internet is a typical example of a WAN.

You can read more on the types of network based on geographical size here

Functions of a router:

  1. They ensure that data (preferably called packets) make it to their intended destination.
  2. They ensure the security of data to some extent.
  3. When a network becomes too big within a Local Area Network (LAN), routers are used to separate such networks.
  4. They connect different networks. This is the very reason why you are able to access the internet. (The internet's network and your service provider's network are different; but thanks to the router for connecting them).
  5. Multiple devices in the home or office can access the internet through the router, (and with a single IP Address). The term associated with this process is referred to a Network Address Translation (NAT)

Please read on types and functions of router here