Pressure Group in Nigeria - Types and Examples

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 21st March, 2019 @ 15:58

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government

Academic Questions in Government

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The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. Chaos
  • B. Doom
  • C. Oligarchy
  • D. Autocracy
  • E. Anarchy
  • F. Meritocracy

The definition of democracy as 'Government of the people, by the people and for the people' is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.

  • A. Plutocracy
  • B. Timocracy
  • C. Technocracy
  • D. Meritocracy
  • E. Richocracy
  • F. Autocracy

Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?

  • A. Malta
  • B. Latvia
  • C. Moldova
  • D. Estonia
  • E. Georgia
  • F. Uzbekistan



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Pressure Groups:

Pressure groups are present in every country of the world. These groups are crucial to the members who make them up because they wield the power to influence the government and governmental Institutions, alongside their policies and laws through their actions.

Note: The pressure group can also influence any political institution, society, another group or an individual.

By definition, a pressure group is any formal and organized body or group of people with the same interest and whose main goal is to put pressure on any governmental institution in order to influence government policies and laws to their own gain.

Please read on the Characteristics of Pressure Groups here.

An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).

Another instance of a pressure group in Nigeria is the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) group who pressured the Nigerian Government into taking appropriate actions towards the release of the 276 kidnapped female secondary students popularly referred to as the Chibok Girls, in Chibok, Bornu State, Nigeria.

Bring Back Our Girls - Len Academy

Note: These innocent female students were kidnapped by the so called "Boko Haram" on the night of April 14th - 15th, 2014.

The above pressure group was massive globally to an extent that even the first ladies of various foreign countries became a part of it.

Please read on the Introduction to Government and Definitions of Government here.

A Legendary Nigerian Artist by name Innocent Idibia (popularly called 2face) made a song titled "Bring Back Our Girls". He featured various artists on this song as they all made their voices heard towards the release of the kidnapped Chibok Girls.

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Pressure Groups in Nigeria

The Ethinic Pressure Group is a type of pressure group.

Please read on the Introduction to Pressure Groups and Types of Pressure Groups here.

Some of the ethnic (or regional) pressure groups present in Nigeria include:

1. Afenifere

Formed in 1993 in the houses of Chief Bola Ige and Alhaji Lateef Jakande, Afenifere is a socio-cultural organization formed in the interest of the Yoruba people within Nigeria and beyond.

Afenifere preserves the identity, culture and vision of the Yoruba people.

Please read on Values and Type of Values in Civic Education here.

Its first leader was Chief Abraham Adesanya while Chief Bola Ige served as the deputy leader.

After the death of Chief Abraham Adesanya, another similar group called "Afenifere Renewal Group (ARG)" came into existence in 1998.

2. Arewa Consultative Forum (AFC)

The Arewa Consultative Forum is a pressure group established on 7th March, 2000. They are considered to be the most influential group in Northern Nigeria.

The main goal of AFC is to maintain the unity of the Northern region in Nigeria. Infact, they acclaim themselves to be the pillar of unity with regards to Northern democracy.

Please read more on Democracy and its Characteristics here.

AFC are seen to be very active on issues relating to Nigerian politics.

3. Ijaw Youth Council (IYC)

The Ijaw Youth Council (fondly called Ijaw Youths) was formed on the 11th day of December 1998 in Kaiama, Bayelsa State.

IYC are considered to be the most active pressure group in the South-South region of Nigeria.

They stand and fight for the civil and fundamental rights of their people.

Please read on your Fundamental Human Rights here.

Due to the presence of oil in this region, they had constantly demanded for an independent government in order to manage their own resources.

Please read on the various Types/Forms of Government here.

  • Mujahid Asari Dokubo is a former head of this pressure group.

4. Middle Belt Forum (MBF)

The MBF is a socio-political group in the Middle Belt region of Nigeria.

Although the diverse ethinic group within this region are often considered as minority in Nigeria, the MBF have actively and effectively worked towards the liberation of her people from the domination of other geo-political zones in Nigeria, especially the Nothern Nigeria.

You can read on the Attributes of a Resident and Citizen here.

The Middle Belt states in Nigeria include Benue, Plateau, Nassarawa, Abuja (FCT), Kogi, Kwara, Taraba, Adamawa and Niger States respectively.

5. Ohanaeze Ndigbo

This is the ultimate pressure group in the Eastern part of Nigeria.

After the Nigerian Civil war, they came into existence in 1976 with the core aim of unifying the Igbo people living within and outside Nigeria.

Ohaneze Ndigbo are known to fight for the civil and democratic rights of the Igbos.

Ohanaeze Ndigbo had been successfully headed by Chief Kingsley Mbadiwe, Dr. Francis Akanu Ibiam, Dr. Michael I. Okpara, Dr. Pius Okigbo and Chief Jerome Udorji.

Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian Nationalist here.


Other examples of Pressure Groups in Nigeria are:

  • Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)
  • Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC)
  • Nigerian Bar Association (NBA)
  • Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)
  • Nigerian Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA)
  • Please read on various Nigerian Acronyms and their Meanings here.

  • National Association of Nigerian Student (NANS)
  • Nigerian Medical Association (NMA)
  • Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG)
  • Campaign for Democracy (CD)
  • Civil Liberties Organization (CLO)
  • Committee for the Defense of Human Rights (CDHR)
  • Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU)

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Government


Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

Note: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.

Please read more on the Characteristics of Democracy here.