Social Studies

Meaning of Transportation, Means and Modes of Transportation

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 22nd March, 2019 @ 17:06: PM

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Academic Questions in Social Studies

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Meaning of Transportation:

Transportation can be defined as the movement of goods, persons and animals from one point to another by various means.

Note: Means of transportation is different from Mode of transportation.

The mode of transportation refers to the medium in or on which the movement (or means) of transportation occur.

As an instance, land is a mode of transportation and it's means can be a car or a lorry.

The means of transportation simple imply the object through which transportation is achieved. For instance, cars and aeroplanes are means of transportation.

In the ancient times, the major means of transportation was by foot, but presently, Nigeria as a country has grown to have different means of transportation.

Please read on the Objectives of Social Studies here

 

Modes of transportation

As stated ealier, they refer to the medium in or on which transportation movement occur. They include the followings:

(A) Land Transportation

Land Mode of transportation is classified under two headings/types:

1. Road transportation: Means of transportation like cars, motorcycles, bicycles, lorries, buses and trucks all utilize the road as their mode of transport.

Transportation through roads are the most prone to accident when compared to other means of transport.

Generally, roads can be put into 3 types. They are:

  • Trunk A Road: These are roads constructed by the Federal Government. An example is the Lagos-Ibadan road in Nigeria.
  • Trunk B Road: They are constructed and maintained by the State Government. An example is the Lasu-Igando road in Lagos.
  • Trunk C Road: They are minor roads maintained by the various Local Governments.

Please read on the Various Forms of Government here

 

2. Rail Transportation: Trains are the means of transportation here. They can convey a large number of people and goods within and outside a country.

In Nigeria, the first rail lines were constructed between 1890 - 1930. It's length is about 3,500 kilometers and was primarily built for the movement of agricultural produce during that period of time.

Nowadays, trains can be very fast and can also travel between different countries.

Railways are considered by many as the least prone to accident amongst all the means of transportation.

Please read on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Land mode of transportation here

 

(B) Water Transportation

Water bodies involved in transportation are the oceans, seas and the inland water ways. Inland water ways run/flow within a country; and they include the rivers, lakes, lagoons and canals.

In Nigeria; Lagos, Portharcourt, Delta and Calabar all have their respective ports where products from ocean transport are brought into the country. For this reason, water mode of transport is ideal for international trade, especially when the movement of bulky goods are involved.

Note: Accidents are not rampant on air mode of transport.

The means of water mode of transportation are ships, canoes, yatches, boats, speedboats and ferries.

You can read on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Water and Air modes of transportation here

 

(C) Air Transportation

With regards to comfort and speed, this is the most efficient and fastest mode of transportation.

Aeroplanes, helicopter, jets and spaceships utilize air as means of transportation.

Although expensive, air mode of transport is very crucial internationally, especially in relation to business, governmental, leisure and sport activities.

Transportation by air is not as prone to accidents when compared to road transport.

 

(D) Pipelines

This mode of transportation convey liquid and gaseous products from one point to another, within or outside a country.

Please read on the Characteristics of Solids, Liquids and Gases here

Pipeline vanderlization has been a major problem in Nigeria because this mode of transport aids in generating most of the Nation's income.

Accident from gas pipelines can be devastating, causing an additional damage to both land and sea organisms.

You can read on Environmental Problems, their Causes, Effects and Solutions here

 

(E) Human Porterage

This is an ancient mode of transportation. The use of animals such as donkeys, mules and camels aided as the means of transportation at that time. They helped to convey goods and persons from one point to another.


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len

Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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