Topics in Civic EducationConsequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits
Academic Questions in Civic Education
A value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.
A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.
The following are solutions to cultism except _____.
A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools
B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist
C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution
D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society
E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership
F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members
With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.
A. University of Lagos
B. University of Ibadan
C. University of Ife
D. University of Calabar
E. University of Portharcourt
F. Ahmadu Bello University
The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.
A. Presence of academic structures
D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia
F. Lack of awareness
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
Cooperation is defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal.
Cooperation can be achieved either directly or indirectly depending on the type of activity carried out. For this reason, the types of cooperation are generally considered as direct or indirect.
Please read on an introduction to cooperation in civic education here.
Cooperation is said to be direct when similar activities are carried out by a group in order to achieve a specific goal. Think of it as a group of people who carry out the same work (or activity) in order to achieve a common goal.
Examples of direct cooperation will include:
You can read on values in civic education here.
Cooperation is considered to be indirect when different activities are carried out in order to achieve a similar or specific goal.
Division of labor is an example of an indirect cooperation since the different individuals working together specializes in their respective (different) field.
Using the banking institution as an instance, the cashier collects money from the customers, the IT personnel oversees the computers and other IT facility, the cleaner does her specific job, the security guards oversees both external and internal securities within the banking environment. The main goal of cooperation in this instance is to ensure the smooth running of activities within the banking organization.
Please read on conflict management and ways to reduce conflicts in organizations.
We have other types of cooperation that exist around us; and such cooperation will be based on the environment we find ourselves.
Below are types of cooperation based on our environment:
Social cooperation is usually common among social groups.
Please read on the meaning and objectives of social studies here.
Within these social groups, the members are expected to work together towards the common good of the group. For instance, fans of a football team will usually come together to support and cheer up their team during a football match.
Whenever football fans unite and cooperate in this manner, some football analyst may refer to them as the 12th man on the pitch for their specific football team.
Religious cooperation will consist of people with the same faith and belief coming together under one head.
The christians will usually unite under one head in the person of Jesus Christ. Similarly, the Islamic faithful will also unite under one head.
You can read on Jesus' teaching on forgiveness here.
In some countries; for instance Nigeria, associations are formed by these religious groups. Some of these associations will include the 'Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs' and the 'Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)'.
Financial cooperation is quite common in the past.
Here, different individuals come together to form a group where they contribute money with the aim of lending it to members of the group, one after the other. Each person may take their turn weekly or monthly depending on the agreement of the members within this group.
Groups that embark on financial cooperation are called cooperative society, thrift society or credit society.
You can read on the sole proprietorship business structure here.
Community cooperation is seen in our respective communities, with an ultimate goal of developing the community where they are present.
If the government fails to perform its function in a community (let's say; the building of a community health center with its necessary infrastructure), the members of such community may cooperate towards delivering such project.
Please read on the concept of a citizen and their responsibilities here.
Other projects that may be achieved through community cooperation will include:
Please read more on community and volunteer service here.
Trade or occupational cooperation is said to occur when members of the same trade come together for the common goal and development of their respective trade.
Trade cooperation is generally seen around us. In some cases, the people comprising this group will fight for their rights if need be, even against the government.
Please read on pressure group here.
Example of trade/occupational cooperation present in Nigeria include:
You can read on Nigerian acronyms and their meanings here.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
Notable points in Civic Education
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct cooperation
- Indirect cooperation
- Social cooperation
- Religious cooperation
- Financial cooperation
- Community cooperation
- Occupational cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: