Civic Education

Understanding Human Rights

Alfred Ajibola - 11th February, 2019 @ 01:07 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning of Values in Civic Education Community service and its benefit Characteristics, Reasons, Effects and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Meaning, Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy The Real Meaning of Honesty Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The act of always telling the truth to others and oneself is best referred to as _____.

  • A. loyalty
  • B. discipline
  • C. faithfulness
  • D. honesty
  • E. godliness
  • F. goodness

Which of the following is NOT a consequence of dishonesty?

  • A. Loss of reputation
  • B. Imprisonment
  • C. Loss of sympathy
  • D. Loss of customers
  • E. Being disgraced
  • D. Being cursed

The cooperation seen among the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) is best classified as _____.

  • A. social cooperation
  • B. community cooperation
  • C. financial cooperation
  • D. religious cooperation
  • E. trade cooperation
  • F. idiopathic cooperation

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning cooperation?

  • A. Division of Labor is a form of Cooperation
  • B. Cooperation is a process of coming together
  • C. Cooperation is aimed at achieving a common goal
  • D. Cooperation is a form of social interaction
  • E. Indirect Cooperation is a type of Cooperation
  •  F. None the above options

Which of the following is not a pressure group?

  • A. Armed Forces Ruling Group (AFRP)
  • B. Boys Brigade
  • C. Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU)
  • D.Girls Guide Movement
  • E. Red Cross Society

What are Human Rights?

By virtue of you being a person, we are all entitled to some fundamental inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which happen to be called Human Rights. These fundamental rights of humans will allow all human being to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice. There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, Yoruba, Igbo or Hausa, Christian, Muslim or Hindu; we all share the same human rights. Understanding and exercising our rights as human beings is vital for our social, physical, spiritual and mental development. These rights are present in international law and also, in a country’s constitution too. No one can take them away from you. In some special cases, they may be restricted from someone, for instance if such person is considered a threat or perhaps, in the interest of national security. The means to satisfy the basic human needs (that is, food, water, housing, access to medical facilities and education) are all covered by the fundamental human rights. Human rights protect us from the brutality and abuse of those in power.


Human Rights have the following Characteristics:

  • Universality: They belong to all human being.

  • Non-discriminatory: They are the same for all race and tribe, thus should be respected by all without prejudice.

  • Indivisible: They are connected and cannot be treated in isolation.

  • Inalienable: They cannot be taken away from any person.

  • Interconnected: They depend on one another and are connected.


Note: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the first international document to show the "basic civil, economic, political, social and cultural" rights that all human beings must enjoy. Ratification of this document by the United Nations (UN) occurred on December 10, 1948.


Below are some of the Fundamental Human Rights

  1. Right to Life

  2. Right to freedom, liberty and equality

  3. Right to religion and belief

  4. Right to food and shelter

  5. Right to Education

  6. Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law

  7. Right to be free from torture

  8. Right to innocence until proven guilty

  9. Right to belong to a Country (Right to Nationality)

  10. Right to freedom of thought and speech

  11. Right to live a life free from discrimination

  12. Right to movement

  13. Right to democracy

  14. Right to equality before the law (No one is above the law)

  15. Right to Marriage

  16. Right to become a celibate

  17. Right to culture

  18. Right to assemble peacefully

  19. Right to social security (This comprise of the right to education, housing, medical care, good roads, power and child care)

  20. Right to work and get a fair pay

  21. Right to be free from unfair detainment

  22. Right to own anything

  23. Right to vote and to be voted for

  24. Right to asylum

  25. Right to copyright

  26. Right to association

  27. Right to privacy

  28. Right to grow old

  29. Right to be happy

  30. Right to pay tax

  31. Right to relax and play

  32. Right to be free from slavery

  33. Right to be protected by the law

  34. Right to a proper standard of living

  35. Right to enjoy all the above rights (No one can take away your fundamental human rights from you)

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Amazing facts in Civic Education


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and com­mon endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here


1. Direct Cooperation

2. indirect Cooperation

3. Social Cooperation

4. Religious Cooperation

5. Financial Cooperation

6. Community Cooperation

7. Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here