Topics in Civic EducationImportance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism
Academic Questions in Civic Education
The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.
A. Presence of academic structures
D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia
F. Lack of awareness
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.
B. Individual assessment
F. Cross examination
The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.
A. Achievement of a personal goal
B. Achievement of a common goal
C. Understanding the common goal
D. Understanding one another
F. None of the above options
Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?
A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people
B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility
C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure
D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection
E. Honestly leads to social segregation
F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill
The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.
All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.
These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.
There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.
The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.
Understanding and exercising our rights as human beings is vital for our social, physical, spiritual and mental development. These rights are present in international laws and also, in a country’s constitution.
Note: No one can take your fundamental human rights away from you; although in some special cases, they may be restricted from someone; for instance if such person is considered a threat or perhaps, in the interest of national security.
The means to satisfy the basic human needs (that is, food, water, housing, access to medical facilities and education) are all covered by the fundamental human rights.
In addition, human rights protect us from the brutality and abuse of those in power.
The rights of all human beings share the following characteristics or features:
Universality: They belong to all human being.
Non-discriminatory: They are the same for all race and tribe, thus should be respected by all without prejudice.
Indivisible: They are connected and cannot be treated in isolation.
Inalienable: They cannot be taken away from any person.
Interconnected: They depend on one another and are connected.
Note: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the first international document to show the basic, civil, economic, political, social and cultural rights that all human beings must enjoy.
Ratification of the UDHR by the United Nations (UN) was done on December 10, 1948.
Below are some of the fundamental human rights:
Right to life.
Please read on Mary Slessor, the woman who stopped the killing of twins
Right to freedom, liberty and equality.
Please read more on gender equality here
Right to religion and belief.
You can read the biblical account of creation here
Right to food and shelter
Right to education
Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law.
Please read on the judiciary as an arm of government
Right to be free from torture.
Please read on the harmful traditional practices in Nigeria
Right to innocence until proven guilty.
You can read on the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience
Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality).
Please read on the differences between citizenship and residence
Right to freedom of thought and speech
Right to live a life free from discrimination
Right to movement
Right to democracy.
Please read more on democracy here
Right to equality before the law (No one is above the law).
You can read on the supremacy of the constitution here
Right to marriage.
Please read on the forms of marriage here
Right to become a celibate
Right to culture.
Please read on the Nigerian national symbols here
Right to assemble peacefully
Right to social security. This encomprises of the right to education, housing, medical care, good roads, power and child care
Right to work and get a fair pay
Right to be free from unfair detainment
Right to own anything.
Please read on consumer right and protection here
Right to vote and to be voted for.
Please read the characteristics of democracy here
Right to asylum
Right to copyright
Right to association
Right to privacy
Right to grow old
Right to be happy
Right to pay tax
Right to relax and play.
You can read a summary of 'the gods are not to blame' here
Right to be free from slavery.
Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian nationalist here
Right to be protected by the law.
Please read more on the agencies of consumer protection here
Right to a proper standard of living
Right to enjoy all the above rights. Understand that no one can take away your fundamental human rights from you
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct cooperation
- Indirect cooperation
- Social cooperation
- Religious cooperation
- Financial cooperation
- Community cooperation
- Occupational cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: