Civic Education

Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

len Alfred Ajibola - 11th February, 2019 @ 01:07

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above

The act of always telling the truth to others and oneself is best referred to as _____.

  • A. loyalty
  • B. discipline
  • C. faithfulness
  • D. honesty
  • E. godliness
  • F. goodness

Which of the following is NOT a consequence of dishonesty?

  • A. Loss of reputation
  • B. Imprisonment
  • C. Loss of sympathy
  • D. Loss of customers
  • E. Being disgraced
  • D. Being cursed

The cooperation seen among the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) is best classified as _____.

  • A. social cooperation
  • B. community cooperation
  • C. financial cooperation
  • D. religious cooperation
  • E. trade cooperation
  • F. idiopathic cooperation

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning cooperation?

  • A. Division of Labor is a form of Cooperation
  • B. Cooperation is a process of coming together
  • C. Cooperation is aimed at achieving a common goal
  • D. Cooperation is a form of social interaction
  • E. Indirect Cooperation is a type of Cooperation
  •  F. None the above options

Which of the following is not a pressure group?

  • A. Armed Forces Ruling Group (AFRP)
  • B. Boys Brigade
  • C. Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU)
  • D.Girls Guide Movement
  • E. Red Cross Society

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What are Human Rights?

All Human Beings are all entitled to some fundamental inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed Human Rights.

These Fundamental Rights of humans will allow all human being to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.

There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, Yoruba, Igbo or Hausa, Christian, Muslim or Hindu.

The point is: "we all share the same human rights.

Understanding and exercising our rights as human beings is vital for our social, physical, spiritual and mental development. These rights are present in international law and also, in a country’s constitution.

Note: No one can take your Fundamental Human Rights away from you; although in some special cases, they may be restricted from someone; for instance if such person is considered a threat or perhaps, in the interest of national security.

The means to satisfy the basic human needs (that is, food, water, housing, access to medical facilities and education) are all covered by the Fundamental Human Rights.

In addition, human rights protect us from the brutality and abuse of those in power.


Characteristics of Human Rights

The Rights of all human beings share the following characteristics or features:

  1. Universality: They belong to all human being.

  2. Non-discriminatory: They are the same for all race and tribe, thus should be respected by all without prejudice.

  3. Indivisible: They are connected and cannot be treated in isolation.

  4. Inalienable: They cannot be taken away from any person.

  5. Interconnected: They depend on one another and are connected.


Note: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the first international document to show the basic, civil, economic, political, social and cultural rights that all human beings must enjoy.

Ratification of the UDHR by the United Nations (UN) was done on December 10, 1948.


Fundamental Human Rights

Below are some of the Fundamental Human

  1. Right to Life.
    Please read on Mary Slessor, the woman who stopped the killing of Twins

  2. Right to freedom, liberty and equality.
    Please read on Gender Equality here

  3. Right to religion and belief.
    Please read the Biblical account of Creation here

  4. Right to food and shelter

  5. Right to Education

  6. Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law.
    Please read on the Judiciary as an Arm of Government

  7. Right to be free from torture.
    Please read on the Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria

  8. Right to innocence until proven guilty.
    Please read on the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience

  9. Right to belong to a Country (Right to Nationality).
    Please read on the differences between Citizenship and Residence

  10. Right to freedom of thought and speech

  11. Right to live a life free from discrimination

  12. Right to movement

  13. Right to democracy.
    Please read Democracy and Types of Democracy here

  14. Right to equality before the law (No one is above the law).
    Please read on Supremacy of the Constitution here

  15. Right to Marriage.
    Please read on the various Forms of Marriage here

  16. Right to become a celibate

  17. Right to culture.
    Please read on the Nigerian National Symbols here

  18. Right to assemble peacefully

  19. Right to social security (This comprise of the right to education, housing, medical care, good roads, power and child care)

  20. Right to work and get a fair pay

  21. Right to be free from unfair detainment

  22. Right to own anything.
    Please read on Consumer Right and Protection here

  23. Right to vote and to be voted for.
    Please read the Characteristics of Democracy here

  24. Right to asylum

  25. Right to copyright

  26. Right to association

  27. Right to privacy

  28. Right to grow old

  29. Right to be happy

  30. Right to pay tax

  31. Right to relax and play.
    Relax by reading the summary of "The gods are not to blame"

  32. Right to be free from slavery.
    Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian Nationalist here

  33. Right to be protected by the law.
    Please read on the Agencies of Consumer Protection here

  34. Right to a proper standard of living

  35. Right to enjoy all the above rights (No one can take away your Fundamental Human Rights from you)

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and com­mon endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here


1. Direct Cooperation

2. indirect Cooperation

3. Social Cooperation

4. Religious Cooperation

5. Financial Cooperation

6. Community Cooperation

7. Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these Human Rights. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away; for instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here