Social Studies

Nigerian National Symbols explained

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 15th March, 2019 @ 3:32 PM

Topics in Social Studies

What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Environmental Problems: Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict Global acronyms and their meanings Nigerian acronyms and their meanings Meaning and Objectives of Social Studies Environmental problems: Causes and constituents of environmental problems What is Conflict? Causes of Conflict Self-esteem: What is self-esteem? Marriage: Forms of Marriage Marriage: Types of Marriage


Academic Questions in Social Studies

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An ancient mode of transportation that requires the use of donkeys and camels is termed _____.

  • A. Human trans-animal

  • B. Human trans-ancient

  • C. Human-animal transportation

  • D. Human mechanical movement

  • E. Human porterage

  • F. Human trans-old

Rail transportation is a type of land transportation.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following statements are true concerning transportation except _____.

  • A. Transportation is defined as the movement of goods, persons and animals from one point to another.

  • B. Means of transportation is not the same thing as Mode of transportation

  • C. Land transportation is a means of transportation

  • D. Rail transportation is a type of land transport

  • E. Pipeline typically transports liquid and gaseous products

  • F. Human porterage is an ancient mode of transportation

Which of the following is not a Nigerian acronym?

  • A. NBA

  • B. ISO

  • C. KAI

  • D. NAEC

  • E. NAPEP

  • F. MMIA

The acronym ICPC means _____.

  • A. Independent Corrupt Practice Command
  • B. Independent Corrupt Practice Complaints
  • C. Independent Corrupt Practice Court
  • D. Independent Corrupt Practice and other related offences Commission
  • E. Independent Corrupt Practices Cooperation
  • F. Independent Corrupt Pactice Conduct

Nigerian coat of arms - Len Academy

The black shield in the Nigerian Coat of Arm represents the _____.

  • A. Strength of Nigeria

  • B. Pride of Nigeria

  • C. Dark complexion of Nigerians

  • D. Dignity of Nigeria

  • E. Fertile soil of Nigeria

  • F. Beauty of Nigeria

Which of the following is not a Nigerian National Symbol?

  • A. The Nigerian Flag

  • B. The Nigerian National Anthem

  • C. The Nigerian National Pledge

  • D. The Nigerian Naira (NGN)

  • E. The Nigerian National Identity Card

  • F. None of the above

Concerning drug trafficking, which of the following statement is incorrect?

  • A. Drug trafficking is synonymous to drug possession

  • B. Drug trafficking is a criminal act under the constitution of a state

  • C. The use of trafficked drugs can jeopardize one's health

  • D. Drug trafficking is defined as the transfer, selling, importing or exporting of illegal drugs from the point of production to the final consumers

  • E. LSD, cannabis and crack are examples of drugs trafficked

  • F. None of the above


What are national symbols?

A national symbol is any symbol used to manifest a nation, state, country or any entity to the world as a national community.

National symbols are unique to each nation, state or country. They are used to represent a country and it's people. In addition, they convey important meanings such as the history, tradition, values, morals, culture and ideals of a nation or country.

Please read on values in civic education here


National symbols unite the people of a nation. For instance, Nigeria as a country is composed of about 250 ethnic groups. In this regard, the 'Nigerian flag' presents the nation's unity in any international football match regardless the ethnicity of each player.

You can read on the various Nigerian acronyms and their meanings here.

Let's take a look at some of the Nigerian national symbols and their significance:


Nigerian National Symbols

Below are the Nigerian national symbols:


1. Nigerian Coat of Arm

The Nigerian coat of arm represent Nigeria's unity, power and uthority. They are used as a stamp to the seal of the president, vice president, house of representatives and the house of senate respectively.

The Nigerian coat of arm was first approved by Queen Elizabeth II on december 7, 1971. After series of modifications, It became officially adopted in 1975 (15 years after Nigerian gained independence from their colonial masters).

Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian nationalist here.


Below is an image of the Nigerian coat of arm:

Nigerian Coat of Arm - Len Academy

Seven prominent features can be seen on the Nigerian coat of arm. They are:

  1. Eagle: Represents strength and pride of Nigeria.

  2. The white 'Y' shape: Represents Nigeria's 2 iconic rivers (River Niger and River Benue). Both rivers unite at Lokoja.

  3. Two horses: Represents the dignity and pride of Nigeria.

  4. Green and White bands above the shield: Represents Nigeria's rich soil and beauty.

  5. Black shield: Represent the rich fertile soil of Nigeria.

  6. The Gold band around the base: On it is inscribed 'Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress'.

  7. The base flowers: Also known as costus spectabilis, they represent the beauty of Nigeria.

You can read on the concept of government here

 

2. The Nigerian Flag

Len Academy

It was designed by Mr Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1959. The color 'green' represents Nigeria's great wealth and abundant natural resources. The color 'white' stands for unity and peace.

The Nigerian flag was officially raised up for the first time on October 1st, 1960.

Note: The Nigerian flag is always raised higher than any other flag within Nigeria. Once damaged or torn, It should be burnt.

Please read on reputation and how to build a good reputation here.

 

3. Nigerian National Anthem

The national anthem of a country can be very motivational and that of Nigeria is not an exception.

The Nigerian national anthem strongly unites all Nigerian as One Sovereign State. A typical example of this is seen before a National football match.


The first (former) anthem of Nigeria (Nigeria we hail thee) was written in 1960.

The lyrics of the current Nigerian national anthem was put into a melodious music by Mr. Benedict .E. Odiase and was adopted in 1978. It is sang daily in all Nigerian primary and secondary schools. It has 2 stanzas.

Please read on civic responsibility and 'who is a citizen' here.

Below is the Nigerian National Anthem:

  • The National Anthem

    1st Stanza

  • Arise, O compatriots, Nigeria call obey
    To serve our fatherland
    With love and strength and faith
    The labor of our heroes past
    Shall never be in vain
    To serve with heart and might
    One nation bound in freedom, peace, and unity.


  • 2nd Stanza

  • Oh God of creation, direct our noble cause
    Guide our leaders right
    Help our youth the truth to know
    In love and honesty to grow
    And living just and true
    Great lofty heights attain
    To build a nation where peace and justice shall reign.

    Please read on your responsibilities, duties and obligations as a citizen here.


  • Old National Anthem

  • Nigeria we hail thee
    Our own dear Native Land
    Though tribe and tongue may differ
    In brotherhood we stand
    Nigerians all, and proud to serve
    Our sovereign Motherland.

    Our Flag shall be a symbol
    That Truth and Justice reign
    In peace or battle honored
    And this we count again
    To hand on to our children
    A banner without stain.

    O God of all creation
    Grant this one request
    Help us to build a Nation
    Where no man is oppressed
    And so with Peace and plenty
    Nigeria may be blessed.

 

4. The Nigerian National Pledge

This is a solemn promise. Its words are deep and inspiring. It is said every morning in all Nigerian primary and secondary schools just immediately after the Nigerian national anthem is sung.

The Nigerian national pledge was written by Professor Felicia Adebola in 1976.


Below is the Nigerian National Pledge:

 

5. The Nigerian Naira

The Naira is Nigeria's official legal tender and the Nigerian Central Bank is the only authorized issuer. The currency is distributed to the people living in Nigeria through the various commercial banks.

Please read more on bank note and coins and characteristics of legal tender here.

The different Naira denominations are 5 Naira, 10 Naira, 20 Naira, 50 Naira, 100 Naira, 200 Naira, 500 Naira and 1,000 Naira respectively.


Below is an image of the Nigerian 1000 Naira note:

1000 Naira - Len Academy

Naira is symbolized as N with a double strike through.

 

6. The Nigerian Passport

The Nigerian passport is a document that fully identifies an individual as a Nigerian.

Nigerian Passport - Len Academy

Present on the Nigerian Passport are:

  • Photograph of the Holder
  • Nationality of the Holder
  • Name of the Holder
  • Date of Birth
  • Place of Birth
  • Sex
  • Blood Group
  • Signature of the Holder
  • Date of Issue
  • Date of Expiry

The Nigerian passport is issued by the passport office of the Ministry of Affairs, Nigeria.

Any Nigerian can obtain a visa to another country with his or her Nigerian passport.

Think of the visa as a stamp put in the passport, allowing the passport holder to enter his or her country of choice.

You can read on your fundamental human rights here.

 

7. The Nigeria National Identity Card

The Nigerian National Identity Card is a means of identifying an individual as a citizen of Nigeria.

Please read more on citizenship and residence here

The Nigerian National Identity Card can also be used for various purposes such as opening a bank account and sitting for an international or professional examination.

Below is an image of a Nigerian National Identity Card.

Len Academy


Information contained in the Nigerian National Identity Card include:

  • Name of the Holder: Surname, First Name, Middle Name and Maiden Name
  • Date of Birth
  • Sex
  • Height
  • Blood Group
  • occupation
  • Applicant's Residential Address
  • Applicant's State of Origin
  • Particulars of Next of Kin
  • Date of Card Issue
  • Personal Number

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NOTABLE POINTS IN Social Studies

The United Nations has six principal organs or arms. These are

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic and Social Council
  4. The Trusteeship
  5. The International Court of Justice
  6. The Secretariat

United Nations (UN) is the world body set up to promote peace and unity among the countries of the world. It officially came into existence on the 24th day of October, 1945 after it had been ratified by five permanent members of the security council and by the other 46 signatories. These permanent members are:

  1. United States of America
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Soviet Union
  4. Republic of China
  5. France

In total, the numerical strength of the United Nations at its inception was fifty one (51) states