Topics in Social StudiesValues and Norms explained What are norms? Types of norms Differences between values and norms How to prevent fraud Types of fraud explained Fraud as a contemporary social problem in Nigeria Explanations on the social problems in Nigeria and their solutions Contemporary social problems in Nigeria What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict
Academic Questions in Social Studies
Twitter is a part of our social environment.
The following are objectives of social studies except _____.
A. It teaches morals and values
B. It enables us to better understand our environment
C. It creates national consciousness
D. It assists in producing upright citizens
E. It promotes the military form of government
F. It fosters judicious use of resources
Which of the following is not a natural cause of environmental problem?
Conflict can simply be defined as a clash of interest.
_____ refers to a personal reflection of one's overall self worth.
A type of marriage whereby a christian man marries a muslim woman is termed _____ marriage.
_____marriage is said to exist between couples who have lived together for a very long time with no prior form of marriage.
D. Left Handed
F. Common Law
The above image is considered a part of harmful traditional practices. The following are similar examples of such practices except _____.
C. Female Genital Mutilation
E. Breast Ironing
F. Child Marriage
A national symbol is any symbol used to manifest a nation, state, country or any entity to the world as a national community.
National symbols are unique to each nation, state or country. They are used to represent a country and it's people. In addition, they convey important meanings such as the history, tradition, values, morals, culture and ideals of a nation or country.
National symbols unite the people of a nation. For instance, Nigeria as a country is composed of about 250 ethnic groups. In this regard, the 'Nigerian flag' presents the nation's unity in any international football match regardless the ethnicity of each player.
Let's take a look at some of the Nigerian national symbols and their significance:
Below are the Nigerian national symbols:
The Nigerian coat of arm represent Nigeria's unity, power and uthority. They are used as a stamp to the seal of the president, vice president, house of representatives and the house of senate respectively.
The Nigerian coat of arm was first approved by Queen Elizabeth II on december 7, 1971. After series of modifications, It became officially adopted in 1975 (15 years after Nigerian gained independence from their colonial masters).
Below is an image of the Nigerian coat of arm:
Seven prominent features can be seen on the Nigerian coat of arm. They are:
Eagle: Represents strength and pride of Nigeria.
The white 'Y' shape: Represents Nigeria's 2 iconic rivers (River Niger and River Benue). Both rivers unite at Lokoja.
Two horses: Represents the dignity and pride of Nigeria.
Green and White bands above the shield: Represents Nigeria's rich soil and beauty.
Black shield: Represent the rich fertile soil of Nigeria.
The Gold band around the base: On it is inscribed 'Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress'.
The base flowers: Also known as costus spectabilis, they represent the beauty of Nigeria.
It was designed by Mr Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1959. The color 'green' represents Nigeria's great wealth and abundant natural resources. The color 'white' stands for unity and peace.
The Nigerian flag was officially raised up for the first time on October 1st, 1960.
Note: The Nigerian flag is always raised higher than any other flag within Nigeria. Once damaged or torn, It should be burnt.
The national anthem of a country can be very motivational and that of Nigeria is not an exception.
The Nigerian national anthem strongly unites all Nigerian as One Sovereign State. A typical example of this is seen before a National football match.
The first (former) anthem of Nigeria (Nigeria we hail thee) was written in 1960.
The lyrics of the current Nigerian national anthem was put into a melodious music by Mr. Benedict .E. Odiase and was adopted in 1978. It is sang daily in all Nigerian primary and secondary schools. It has 2 stanzas.
Below is the Nigerian National Anthem:
Arise, O compatriots, Nigeria call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith
The labor of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom, peace, and unity.
Oh God of creation, direct our noble cause
Guide our leaders right
Help our youth the truth to know
In love and honesty to grow
And living just and true
Great lofty heights attain
To build a nation where peace and justice shall reign.
Nigeria we hail thee
Our own dear Native Land
Though tribe and tongue may differ
In brotherhood we stand
Nigerians all, and proud to serve
Our sovereign Motherland.
Our Flag shall be a symbol
That Truth and Justice reign
In peace or battle honored
And this we count again
To hand on to our children
A banner without stain.
O God of all creation
Grant this one request
Help us to build a Nation
Where no man is oppressed
And so with Peace and plenty
Nigeria may be blessed.
This is a solemn promise. Its words are deep and inspiring. It is said every morning in all Nigerian primary and secondary schools just immediately after the Nigerian national anthem is sung.
The Nigerian national pledge was written by Professor Felicia Adebola in 1976.
Below is the Nigerian National Pledge:
I pledge to Nigeria, my country
To be faithful, loyal, and honest
To serve Nigeria with all my strength
To defend her unity
And uphold her honor and glory
So help me God.
The Naira is Nigeria's official legal tender and the Nigerian Central Bank is the only authorized issuer. The currency is distributed to the people living in Nigeria through the various commercial banks.
The different Naira denominations are 5 Naira, 10 Naira, 20 Naira, 50 Naira, 100 Naira, 200 Naira, 500 Naira and 1,000 Naira respectively.
Below is an image of the Nigerian 1000 Naira note:
Naira is symbolized as 'N' with a double strike through.
The Nigerian passport is a document that fully identifies an individual as a Nigerian.
Present on the Nigerian Passport are:
The Nigerian passport is issued by the passport office of the Ministry of Affairs, Nigeria.
Any Nigerian can obtain a visa to another country with his or her Nigerian passport.
Think of the visa as a stamp put in the passport, allowing the passport holder to enter his or her country of choice.
The Nigerian National Identity Card is a means of identifying an individual as a citizen of Nigeria.
The Nigerian National Identity Card can also be used for various purposes such as opening a bank account and sitting for an international or professional examination.
Below is an image of a Nigerian National Identity Card.
Information contained in the Nigerian National Identity Card include:
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Amazing facts in Social Studies
The Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, is the tallest statue in the world. It stands at 182 meters (579 feet)
2.7 Billion Dollars was realized from the movie - Avengers: Endgame. This makes it the top-grossing film of all time
The world’s oldest known work of art was discovered by scientists in 2019 on an Indonesian island named Sulawesi. This work of art was created 44,000 years ago, and it shows paintings of three Sulawesi pigs
68% of households in New Zealand have a pet, and this is more than any other nation or country in the world
According to the Population Reference Bureau, the number of people alive today represents about 7% of the total number of humans who have ever lived.
Yahoo is an acronym for: 'Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle'
Ashrita Furman holds the world record for the holder of the most world records. He had set over 600 records and currently holds more than 200 world records
As at 2023, France remains the most visited country (with about 90 million visitors), followed by Spain (83.7 million). Next is the United States of America (79.3 million)
Some car license plates in the Northwest Territories of Canada are shaped like a polar bear
The Library of Congress located in Washington D.C, America is the world's largest library. It contains over 162 million items in more than 450 languages.
The British Library (with over 150 million items) comes second, followed by the Library and Archives Canada with 54 million items (third), the New York Public Library with 53.1 million items (fourth), and the Russian State Library with 44.4 million items (fifth)
Notable points in Social Studies
Social Studies is defined as an integrated study on the interaction of human beings with their physical and social environments.
We can think of our environment as everything that surrounds us at any point in time. For instance, the soil, air, your clothes, phone and everything surrounding you right now are all part of your environment. (That is, they make up your environment).
Physical environment describes every visible thing around us. It could be water, air, soil, clothes, phones or all other things found around us.
Social environment on the other hand describes the various social roles or positions that influence an individual or a group. It is represented in our culture, norms, values, the people and various institutions with whom we interact with. Meanwhile, understand that social media applications like facebook, twitter, instagram, youtube and the likes present a social environment where people can interact with one another regardless their geographical location around the world.
The causes of environmental problems can be either natural or man-made.
Natural causes of environmental problems will include the followings:
Some of the man-made causes of environmental problems are:
Ozone layer depletion
Increased turnout of waste
Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.
Below are some of the constituents that make up our environment. These constituents may in turn act as factors that bring about environmental problems. They include:
Air or Atmosphere
The people around us
The animals around us
The things around us. For instance, books, food, shoes, phones and so on.
The following proactive processes can help reduce conflict in various organizations:
Set conflict guidelines
Encourage collaboration and teamwork
Proper recruitment process
Promote social events
Applying fair treatment
Listening and understanding skills
Private opinion and feedback from staff