Social Studies

Nigerian National Symbols explained

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 15th March, 2019 @ 3:32 PM

Topics in Social Studies

Values and Norms explained What are norms? Types of norms Differences between values and norms How to prevent fraud Types of fraud explained Fraud as a contemporary social problem in Nigeria Explanations on the social problems in Nigeria and their solutions Contemporary social problems in Nigeria What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict

Academic Questions in Social Studies

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Twitter is a part of our social environment.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are objectives of social studies except _____.

  • A. It teaches morals and values

  • B. It enables us to better understand our environment

  • C. It creates national consciousness

  • D. It assists in producing upright citizens

  • E. It promotes the military form of government

  • F. It fosters judicious use of resources

Which of the following is not a natural cause of environmental problem?

  • A. Tsunami

  • B. Deforestation

  • C. Earthquake

  • D. Drought

  • E. Hurricane

  • F. Tornado

Conflict can simply be defined as a clash of interest.

  • A. True

  • B. False

_____ refers to a personal reflection of one's overall self worth.

  • A. Integrity

  • B. Reputation

  • C. Personality

  • D. Self-esteem

  • E. Psychoanalysis

  • F. Attributes

A type of marriage whereby a christian man marries a muslim woman is termed _____ marriage.

  • A. Faith

  • B. Religious

  • C. Denominational

  • D. Interfaith

  • E. Intrafaith

  • F. Church-Mosque

_____marriage is said to exist between couples who have lived together for a very long time with no prior form of marriage.

  • A. Open

  • B. Convinience

  • C. Trial

  • D. Left Handed

  • E. Companionate

  • F. Common Law

Tribal marks - Len Academy

The above image is considered a part of harmful traditional practices. The following are similar examples of such practices except _____.

  • A. Sharo

  • B. Wuuse

  • C. Female Genital Mutilation

  • D. Widowhood

  • E. Breast Ironing

  • F. Child Marriage

What are national symbols?

A national symbol is any symbol used to manifest a nation, state, country or any entity to the world as a national community.

National symbols are unique to each nation, state or country. They are used to represent a country and it's people. In addition, they convey important meanings such as the history, tradition, values, morals, culture and ideals of a nation or country.

Please read on values in civic education here

National symbols unite the people of a nation. For instance, Nigeria as a country is composed of about 250 ethnic groups. In this regard, the 'Nigerian flag' presents the nation's unity in any international football match regardless the ethnicity of each player.

You can read on the various Nigerian acronyms and their meanings here.

Let's take a look at some of the Nigerian national symbols and their significance:

Nigerian National Symbols

Below are the Nigerian national symbols:

1. Nigerian Coat of Arm

The Nigerian coat of arm represent Nigeria's unity, power and uthority. They are used as a stamp to the seal of the president, vice president, house of representatives and the house of senate respectively.

The Nigerian coat of arm was first approved by Queen Elizabeth II on december 7, 1971. After series of modifications, It became officially adopted in 1975 (15 years after Nigerian gained independence from their colonial masters).

Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian nationalist here.

Below is an image of the Nigerian coat of arm:

Nigerian Coat of Arm - Len Academy

Seven prominent features can be seen on the Nigerian coat of arm. They are:

  1. Eagle: Represents strength and pride of Nigeria.

  2. The white 'Y' shape: Represents Nigeria's 2 iconic rivers (River Niger and River Benue). Both rivers unite at Lokoja.

  3. Two horses: Represents the dignity and pride of Nigeria.

  4. Green and White bands above the shield: Represents Nigeria's rich soil and beauty.

  5. Black shield: Represent the rich fertile soil of Nigeria.

  6. The Gold band around the base: On it is inscribed 'Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress'.

  7. The base flowers: Also known as costus spectabilis, they represent the beauty of Nigeria.

You can read on the concept of government here


2. The Nigerian Flag

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It was designed by Mr Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1959. The color 'green' represents Nigeria's great wealth and abundant natural resources. The color 'white' stands for unity and peace.

The Nigerian flag was officially raised up for the first time on October 1st, 1960.

Note: The Nigerian flag is always raised higher than any other flag within Nigeria. Once damaged or torn, It should be burnt.

Please read on reputation and how to build a good reputation here.


3. Nigerian National Anthem

The national anthem of a country can be very motivational and that of Nigeria is not an exception.

The Nigerian national anthem strongly unites all Nigerian as One Sovereign State. A typical example of this is seen before a National football match.

The first (former) anthem of Nigeria (Nigeria we hail thee) was written in 1960.

The lyrics of the current Nigerian national anthem was put into a melodious music by Mr. Benedict .E. Odiase and was adopted in 1978. It is sang daily in all Nigerian primary and secondary schools. It has 2 stanzas.

Please read on civic responsibility and 'who is a citizen' here.

Below is the Nigerian National Anthem:

  • The National Anthem

    1st Stanza

  • Arise, O compatriots, Nigeria call obey
    To serve our fatherland
    With love and strength and faith
    The labor of our heroes past
    Shall never be in vain
    To serve with heart and might
    One nation bound in freedom, peace, and unity.

  • 2nd Stanza

  • Oh God of creation, direct our noble cause
    Guide our leaders right
    Help our youth the truth to know
    In love and honesty to grow
    And living just and true
    Great lofty heights attain
    To build a nation where peace and justice shall reign.

    Please read on your responsibilities, duties and obligations as a citizen here.

  • Old National Anthem

  • Nigeria we hail thee
    Our own dear Native Land
    Though tribe and tongue may differ
    In brotherhood we stand
    Nigerians all, and proud to serve
    Our sovereign Motherland.

    Our Flag shall be a symbol
    That Truth and Justice reign
    In peace or battle honored
    And this we count again
    To hand on to our children
    A banner without stain.

    O God of all creation
    Grant this one request
    Help us to build a Nation
    Where no man is oppressed
    And so with Peace and plenty
    Nigeria may be blessed.


4. The Nigerian National Pledge

This is a solemn promise. Its words are deep and inspiring. It is said every morning in all Nigerian primary and secondary schools just immediately after the Nigerian national anthem is sung.

The Nigerian national pledge was written by Professor Felicia Adebola in 1976.

Below is the Nigerian National Pledge:


5. The Nigerian Naira

The Naira is Nigeria's official legal tender and the Nigerian Central Bank is the only authorized issuer. The currency is distributed to the people living in Nigeria through the various commercial banks.

Please read more on bank note and coins and characteristics of legal tender here.

The different Naira denominations are 5 Naira, 10 Naira, 20 Naira, 50 Naira, 100 Naira, 200 Naira, 500 Naira and 1,000 Naira respectively.

Below is an image of the Nigerian 1000 Naira note:

1000 Naira - Len Academy

Naira is symbolized as 'N' with a double strike through.


6. The Nigerian Passport

The Nigerian passport is a document that fully identifies an individual as a Nigerian.

Nigerian Passport - Len Academy

Present on the Nigerian Passport are:

  • Photograph of the Holder
  • Nationality of the Holder
  • Name of the Holder
  • Date of Birth
  • Place of Birth
  • Sex
  • Blood Group
  • Signature of the Holder
  • Date of Issue
  • Date of Expiry

The Nigerian passport is issued by the passport office of the Ministry of Affairs, Nigeria.

Any Nigerian can obtain a visa to another country with his or her Nigerian passport.

Think of the visa as a stamp put in the passport, allowing the passport holder to enter his or her country of choice.

You can read on your fundamental human rights here.


7. The Nigeria National Identity Card

The Nigerian National Identity Card is a means of identifying an individual as a citizen of Nigeria.

Please read more on citizenship and residence here

The Nigerian National Identity Card can also be used for various purposes such as opening a bank account and sitting for an international or professional examination.

Below is an image of a Nigerian National Identity Card.

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Information contained in the Nigerian National Identity Card include:

  • Name of the Holder: Surname, First Name, Middle Name and Maiden Name
  • Date of Birth
  • Sex
  • Height
  • Blood Group
  • occupation
  • Applicant's Residential Address
  • Applicant's State of Origin
  • Particulars of Next of Kin
  • Date of Card Issue
  • Personal Number

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Amazing facts in Social Studies

Statue of Unity - Len Academy

The Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, is the tallest statue in the world. It stands at 182 meters (579 feet)

2.7 Billion Dollars was realized from the movie - Avengers: Endgame. This makes it the top-grossing film of all time

Sulawasi pigs - Len Academy

The world’s oldest known work of art was discovered by scientists in 2019 on an Indonesian island named Sulawesi. This work of art was created 44,000 years ago, and it shows paintings of three Sulawesi pigs

68% of households in New Zealand have a pet, and this is more than any other nation or country in the world

According to the Population Reference Bureau, the number of people alive today represents about 7% of the total number of humans who have ever lived.

Yahoo is an acronym for: 'Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle'

Ashrita Furman holds the world record for the holder of the most world records. He had set over 600 records and currently holds more than 200 world records

As at 2023, France remains the most visited country (with about 90 million visitors), followed by Spain (83.7 million). Next is the United States of America (79.3 million)

Car license plate in canada - Len Academy

Some car license plates in the Northwest Territories of Canada are shaped like a polar bear

The Library of Congress located in Washington D.C, America is the world's largest library. It contains over 162 million items in more than 450 languages.

The British Library (with over 150 million items) comes second, followed by the Library and Archives Canada with 54 million items (third), the New York Public Library with 53.1 million items (fourth), and the Russian State Library with 44.4 million items (fifth)

Notable points in Social Studies

Social Studies is defined as an integrated study on the interaction of human beings with their physical and social environments.

We can think of our environment as everything that surrounds us at any point in time. For instance, the soil, air, your clothes, phone and everything surrounding you right now are all part of your environment. (That is, they make up your environment).

Physical environment describes every visible thing around us. It could be water, air, soil, clothes, phones or all other things found around us.

Social environment on the other hand describes the various social roles or positions that influence an individual or a group. It is represented in our culture, norms, values, the people and various institutions with whom we interact with. Meanwhile, understand that social media applications like facebook, twitter, instagram, youtube and the likes present a social environment where people can interact with one another regardless their geographical location around the world.

Please read on the meaning and objectives of social studies here

The causes of environmental problems can be either natural or man-made.

Natural causes of environmental problems will include the followings:

  • Erosion

  • Earthquakes

  • Drought

  • Tsunami

  • Tornadoes

  • Hurricanes

Some of the man-made causes of environmental problems are:

  • Pollution

  • Ozone layer depletion

  • Deforestation

  • Uncontrolled urbanization

  • Increased turnout of waste

  • Flooding

Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.

Below are some of the constituents that make up our environment. These constituents may in turn act as factors that bring about environmental problems. They include:

  • Air or Atmosphere

  • Soil

  • Water

  • Bacteria

  • The people around us

  • The animals around us

  • The things around us. For instance, books, food, shoes, phones and so on.

Please read more on environmental problems here.

The following proactive processes can help reduce conflict in various organizations:

  1. Communication

  2. Set conflict guidelines

  3. Encourage collaboration and teamwork

  4. Proper recruitment process

  5. Promote social events

  6. Applying fair treatment

  7. Listening and understanding skills

  8. Private opinion and feedback from staff

  9. Gender equality

Please read more on conflict management in organizations here