Social Studies

Marriage: Forms of Marriage

len Alfred Ajibola - Mon, 06th May, 2019 @ 5:49 PM

Topics in Social Studies

Values and Norms explained What are norms? Types of norms Differences between values and norms How to prevent fraud Types of fraud explained Fraud as a contemporary social problem in Nigeria Explanations on the social problems in Nigeria and their solutions Contemporary social problems in Nigeria What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict

Academic Questions in Social Studies

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

Twitter is a part of our social environment.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are objectives of social studies except _____.

  • A. It teaches morals and values

  • B. It enables us to better understand our environment

  • C. It creates national consciousness

  • D. It assists in producing upright citizens

  • E. It promotes the military form of government

  • F. It fosters judicious use of resources

Which of the following is not a natural cause of environmental problem?

  • A. Tsunami

  • B. Deforestation

  • C. Earthquake

  • D. Drought

  • E. Hurricane

  • F. Tornado

Conflict can simply be defined as a clash of interest.

  • A. True

  • B. False

_____ refers to a personal reflection of one's overall self worth.

  • A. Integrity

  • B. Reputation

  • C. Personality

  • D. Self-esteem

  • E. Psychoanalysis

  • F. Attributes

A type of marriage whereby a christian man marries a muslim woman is termed _____ marriage.

  • A. Faith

  • B. Religious

  • C. Denominational

  • D. Interfaith

  • E. Intrafaith

  • F. Church-Mosque

_____marriage is said to exist between couples who have lived together for a very long time with no prior form of marriage.

  • A. Open

  • B. Convinience

  • C. Trial

  • D. Left Handed

  • E. Companionate

  • F. Common Law

Tribal marks - Len Academy

The above image is considered a part of harmful traditional practices. The following are similar examples of such practices except _____.

  • A. Sharo

  • B. Wuuse

  • C. Female Genital Mutilation

  • D. Widowhood

  • E. Breast Ironing

  • F. Child Marriage

What is Marriage?

Marriage is an institution. It has a broad meaning based on a variety of factors. In this article, we will read about the various forms of marriage; but first, let’s understand the definition and concept of marriage.

Marriage is the coming together or union of a man and a woman to become husband and wife. It is also termed as matrimony or wedlock.

Marriages that failed to produce children is still considered as valid. This is so because children are gifts from God, and are thus considered as an additional blessing to marriage.

The family, which is the smallest unit of any society can be realized or formed when a man and a woman come together as husband and wife. The future of a society therefore depends on the families that it's comprised of.

Please read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.


Forms of Marriage

The forms of marriage are also referred to as 'types of marriage'. Below are the various forms or types of marriage alongside their explanations.

  • Covenant Marriage

A covenant marriage is applicable to various religion; for instance, christianity and islam. During the wedding of a covenant marriage, the couples make a solemn promise to each other that they will remain together for better and for worse, for richer and for poorer, till death do them part'.

Ideally, the couples are expected to undergo premarital counselling before entering into this form of marriage.

The concept of divorce is strongly discouraged in a covenant marriage. However, separation may occur if one of the spouse is guilty of any of the followings:

  1. Adultery

  2. Physical abuse

  3. Sexual abuse on their child

  4. Felony

  5. Murder

  6. Isolation or loneliness

  7. Please read more on divorce and failed marriages here.

It is worthy of note to state that love and forgiveness are the basis on which covenant marriage thrive upon.

Please read on the attributes of God here.


  • Arranged Marriage

An arranged marriage is said to exist between two strangers. This is so because the family of both parties choose a spouse for the man or woman.

Families indulge in this kind of marriage in order to maintain their class, status, honour, pedigree and so on.

Arranged marriage is also called a pragmatic marriage.

You can read on conflict resolution here.


  • Endogamy

In Greek, endo means 'within' while 'gamy' means 'marry'. In this regard, endogamy is a marriage between two persons of the same tribe or ethnicity.

Endogamy may be encouraged in certain tradition since it helps the minorities within a state or country to propagate their culture.

Endogamy can be religious. Religious endogamy is said to occur when both parties share the same faith (religion) before their marriage.

Some religion require endogamy for a marriage to take place. Such religion include yazidi in Northern Iraq, orthodox jews and Jehovah’s witness.


  • Exogamy

Exogamy is considered to be a marriage between two persons of different tribe or ethnicity.

An instance of exogamy in Nigeria is the marriage between a yoruba man and an igbo woman.

Please read on values here.


  • Celestial Marriage

Celestial marriage is a type of marriage considered to go beyond the physical life and consequently, the grave. This marriage is believed to continue for all eternity. For this reason, it may also be referred to as a heavenly marriage.

Celestial marriage is believed to exist by mormons. In this case, the couples are believed to be sealed in the God’s presence.

Please read on the sovereignty of God here.


  • Cyber Marriage or e-Marriage

This is a modern type of marriage made possible via the internet. An e-marriage is an electronic form of marriage that is done online.

There is no form of physical wedding between both couples in a cyber marriage, rather this is done virtually or online. In fact, both partners do almost everything over the internet.

You can read on the notable dates of internet evolution here.

Note: The couples may physically meet themselves once in a while. However, the point is: 'the wedding is done online. Also, most of the marital activities and done online, including sex'.


  • Incestual Marriage

An incestual marriage is strongly prohibited in the christian religion because it occurs between a man and a woman within the same nuclear or extended family. You can think of it as an incest.

Note: This marriage will also apply to a godfather and a goddaughter or the mother of the goddaughter.

Incestual marriage exists a result of incest (sexual relationship between relatives).

In the bible, Lot's daughter committed incest with their father (Gen. 19:31-35).

Please read on consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience here.


  • Shotgun Marriage

A shotgun wedding (and consequently marriage) is done in order to avoid embarrassment from one of the parties involved.

Please read on reputation here.

Shotgun marriage is typically seen in instances where a premarital sex between a man and a woman led to an unplanned pregnancy.

This wedding/marriage was named 'shotgun' because it was assumed that the father of the pregnant bride-to-be utilizes a shotgun to threaten the unwilling groom into such marriage'.


  • May-December Marriage

May-December marriage is said to exist when one of the spouse is significantly older than the partner.

At minimum, one of the spouse must be older than the partner by 11 years or more.

As example of May-December marriage is seen when a 40-year-old man marries a 20-year-old woman.


  • Proxy Marriage

A wedding or marriage is considered to be a proxy when one or both of the intending marriage partners are not physically present on their wedding day, instead, they are represented by some other persons.

Such persons representing the man or woman are said to 'proxy' for the absent marriage couples. Meanwhile, proxy marriages are not recognized as legally binding in many instances.

Note: If one partner is absent from the wedding, then it's just referred to as a proxy wedding. However, if both partners are absent, it’s called a double proxy wedding.


  • Secret Marriage

A marriage is termed to be secret when it is carried out in the hidden, away from family and friends. Meanwhile, present on the occasion of this marriage is the man, the wife and the clergy or pastor or imam.

In some cases, secret marriages are also referred to as judicial secret marriage because it can also be held in a closed court session, and only the presiding judge has a record of the marriage.

The marriage license issued in a secret marriage remains valid in some countries. In this regard, couples may wish to mark the anniversary of their secret marriage.

We have other intersting forms of marriage that are yet to be explained in this article. Please read through them here.

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Amazing facts in Social Studies

Yahoo is an acronym for: 'Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle'

Ashrita Furman holds the world record for the holder of the most world records. He had set over 600 records and currently holds more than 200 world records

As at 2023, France remains the most visited country (with about 90 million visitors), followed by Spain (83.7 million). Next is the United States of America (79.3 million)

Car license plate in canada - Len Academy

Some car license plates in the Northwest Territories of Canada are shaped like a polar bear

The Library of Congress located in Washington D.C, America is the world's largest library. It contains over 162 million items in more than 450 languages.

The British Library (with over 150 million items) comes second, followed by the Library and Archives Canada with 54 million items (third), the New York Public Library with 53.1 million items (fourth), and the Russian State Library with 44.4 million items (fifth)

Located in Fez, Morocco, the University of Karueein (or University of Al Quaraouiyine) was founded way back in 859 A.D; and it's the world's oldest university (world's oldest higher learning institution) in the Guinness World Record.

In 1963, it was incorporated into Morocco's modern state university system, with approximately 8,000 students enrolling each academic year

We have got people who have fears on their fears. They are said to exhibit phobophobia which is the fear of phobias

Men big heel shoe - Len Academy

High heel shoes were first designed for men

According to Ecology Global Network, four babies are born every seconds, 250 every minutes, 15,000 every hour, 360,000 everyday and 131.4 million babies every year

People under age 30 account for over 52% of the world's population

Notable points in Social Studies

Social Studies is defined as an integrated study on the interaction of human beings with their physical and social environments.

We can think of our environment as everything that surrounds us at any point in time. For instance, the soil, air, your clothes, phone and everything surrounding you right now are all part of your environment. (That is, they make up your environment).

Physical environment describes every visible thing around us. It could be water, air, soil, clothes, phones or all other things found around us.

Social environment on the other hand describes the various social roles or positions that influence an individual or a group. It is represented in our culture, norms, values, the people and various institutions with whom we interact with. Meanwhile, understand that social media applications like facebook, twitter, instagram, youtube and the likes present a social environment where people can interact with one another regardless their geographical location around the world.

Please read on the meaning and objectives of social studies here

The causes of environmental problems can be either natural or man-made.

Natural causes of environmental problems will include the followings:

  • Erosion

  • Earthquakes

  • Drought

  • Tsunami

  • Tornadoes

  • Hurricanes

Some of the man-made causes of environmental problems are:

  • Pollution

  • Ozone layer depletion

  • Deforestation

  • Uncontrolled urbanization

  • Increased turnout of waste

  • Flooding

Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.

Below are some of the constituents that make up our environment. These constituents may in turn act as factors that bring about environmental problems. They include:

  • Air or Atmosphere

  • Soil

  • Water

  • Bacteria

  • The people around us

  • The animals around us

  • The things around us. For instance, books, food, shoes, phones and so on.

Please read more on environmental problems here.

The following proactive processes can help reduce conflict in various organizations:

  1. Communication

  2. Set conflict guidelines

  3. Encourage collaboration and teamwork

  4. Proper recruitment process

  5. Promote social events

  6. Applying fair treatment

  7. Listening and understanding skills

  8. Private opinion and feedback from staff

  9. Gender equality

Please read more on conflict management in organizations here