Social Studies

Marriage - Forms of Marriage

len Alfred Ajibola - Mon, 06th May, 2019 @ 17:49

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Academic Questions in Social Studies

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The acronym BC means _____.

  • A. Before the birth of Christ
  • B. Before Jesus Christ
  • C. Before the coming of Christ
  • D. Before the death Christ
  • E. Before Christ
  • F. Before the resurrection of Christ

Which of the following acronym is related to the Nigerian Lawyer?

  • B. NUJ
  • C. SAN
  • D. NLC
  • E. NCC
  • F. NLA

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What is Marriage?

Marriage is an institution that has a broad meaning based on a variety of factors.

In this article, we will read about the various forms of marriage; but first, let’s understand the definition of marriage:

Simply put, Marriage also known as Matrimony or Wedlock is the coming together or union of a man and a woman to become husband and wife.

Note: Marriages that failed to produce children is still considered as valid. This is so because children are gifts from God and are considered as an additional blessing to marriage.

The family, which is the smallest unit of a society can only be realized or formed when a man and a woman come together as husband and wife. The future of a society therefore depends on the families that it's comprised of.

Please read on the Leadership Qualities of Joseph that has transformed Lives here.


Forms of Marriage

Below are the various forms of Marriage:

  • Covenant Marriage

A covenant marriage is applicable to a variety of religion; for instance, Christianity and Islam.

The couples in a covenant marriage make a solemn promise to each other that:

They will remain together for better and for worse; for richer and for poorer; till death do them part.

Normally, they are expected to undergo premarital counselling before entering into this form of marriage.

Divorce is strongly discouraged in a covenant marriage while separation may occur if one of the spouse is guilty of any of the followings:

  1. Adultery
  2. Physical abuse
  3. Sexual abuse on their child
  4. Felony
  5. Murder
  6. Isolation/loneliness and so on.
  7. Please read on Divorce, Failed Marriages and Factors that lead to it here.

Note: Love and forgiveness is the basis for this form of marriage.

Please read on the Attributes of God here.


  • Arranged Marriage

An arranged marriage is said to exist between two strangers. This is so because the family of both parties choose a spouse for the man or woman.

Families indulge in this kind of marriage in order to maintain their class, status, honour, pedigree and so on.

Arranged Marriage is also called a pragmatic marriage.

This marriage is somewhat popular in our world today.

Please read on Conflict Resolution here.


  • Endogamy

In Greek, endo means “within” and gamy means “marry”.

Endogamy is a marriage between two persons of the same tribe or ethnicity.

Endogamy may be encouraged in certain tradition since it helps the minorities within a state or country to propagate their culture.

Religious endogamy is when both parties must be of the same faith before they can marry.

Some religion require endogamy for a marriage to take place. Such religion include Yazidi in Northern Iraq, Orthodox Jews and Jehovah’s Witness.


  • Exogamy

Exogamy is considered to be a marriage between two persons of different tribe or ethnicity.

An example of exogamy in Nigeria is a marriage between a Yoruba man and an Igbo woman.

Please read on Values here.


  • Celestial Marriage

Celestial marriage is a marriage that is considered to go beyond this physical life and beyond the grave. This marriage is believed to continue for all eternity. For this reason, it may also be referred to as a Heavenly Marriage.

Note: Celestial marriage is believed to exist by mormons where the couples are considered to be sealed in the God’s presence.

Please read on the Sovereignty of God here.


  • Cyber Marriage or E-Marriage

This is a modern type of marriage made possible via the internet.

An e-marriage is an electronic form of marriage that is done online.

There is no form of physical marriage in a cyber marriage. In fact, both partners do almost everything over the internet.

Please read on the Notable Dates of Internet Evolution here.

Note: The couples may physically meet themselves once in a while; but the point is; "the marriage is done online".


  • Incestual Marriage

An incestual marriage is strongly prohibited in the Christian religion because it occurs between a man and a woman within the same nuclear or extended family. You can think of it as an incest.

Note: This marriage will also apply to a godfather and a goddaughter or the mother of the goddaughter.

Incestual marriage is as a result of incest (sexual relationship between relatives).

In the bible, Lot's daughter committed incest with their father. Gen. 19:31-35.

Please read on Consequences of Adam and Eve's Disobedience here.


  • Shotgun Marriage

A shotgun marriage or wedding is done in order to avoid embarrassment from one of the parties involved.

Please read on Reputation here.

Shotgun marriage is typically seen in an instance when a premarital sex between the male and the female led to an unplanned pregnancy.

This wedding/marriage was named "shotgun" because it was assumed that the father of the pregnant bride-to-be must use a shotgun to threaten the unwilling groom into such marriage. wink


  • May-December Marriage

May-December marriage is said exist when one of the spouse is significantly older than the partner.

At minimum, one of the spouse must be older than the other by 11 years or more.

As example of May-December marriage is: when a 40-year-old man marries a 20-year-old woman.


  • Proxy Marriage

A wedding or marriage is considered to be a proxy when one or both of the intending marriage partners are not physically present on their wedding day; but instead, they are represented by some other persons.

Such persons representing the man or woman are said to “proxy” for the absent marriage couples.

In most instances, proxy marriages are not considered or recognized as legally binding.

Note: If only one partner is absent from the wedding it’s simply called a proxy wedding but if both are absent, it’s called a double proxy wedding.


  • Secret Marriage

A marriage is said to be secret when it is carried out in the hidden, away from family and friends.

Present on the occasion of this marriage is the man, the wife and the clergy or pastor or imam.

In some cases, secret marriages are also referred to as judicial secret marriage because it can also be held in a closed court session; and only the presiding judge has a record of the marriage.

Note: The marriage license issued in a secret marriage remains valid in some countries.

Couples may wish to mark the anniversary of their secret marriage.

We have other intersting forms of marriage that are yet to be explained in this article. Please read through them in the part 2 of this article. Click HERE to read.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Social Studies


English is not the official language in 🇺🇸 United States of America 🇺🇸.

USA does not actually have an official language

The people of Iceland are called Islanders or Islandic. They actually have got NO railway system in their country


The United Nations has six principal organs or arms. These are

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic and Social Council
  4. The Trusteeship
  5. The International Court of Justice
  6. The Secretariat

United Nations (UN) is the world body set up to promote peace and unity among the countries of the world. It officially came into existence on the 24th day of October, 1945 after it had been ratified by five permanent members of the Security Council and by the other 46 signatories. These permanent members are:

  1. United States of America
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Soviet Union
  4. Republic of China
  5. France

In total, the numerical strength of the United Nations at its inception was fifty one (51) States

The Headquarter of United Nations is in New York City. It is located in the Turtle Bay Neighborhood of Manhattan