Social Studies

Drug Trafficking, Reasons, Consequences and Measures put in place to prevent it

Olawunmi Omosanya - Sun, 10th March, 2019 @ 14:02: PM

Meaning of Drug Trafficking:

Drug trafficking may be defined as the transfer, selling, importing or exporting of illegal drugs from the point of production to the final consumer (point of consumption). Examples of drugs trafficked include cocaine, marijuana, heroine, cannabis, crack, LSD and so on. All of these drugs are unlawful within a nation or a state. Drug trafficking is a serious offense and usually, it's penalty is more severe than drug possession. It is a criminal act under the constitution of a country or state. Drug traffickers are often prosecuted as stated by the constitution. Some of the penalties for this crime in some countries may include death by hanging or life imprisonment. The intents of these severe penalties is to discourage individuals or persons from this act.

Normally, Drug trafficking charges are attributed to the scale or level of the dealers. This may range from small street dealers or large drug cartels. Punishments in most countries will likely vary depending on the scale or level of the trafficker's operation and the nature of drugs being trafficked. For instance, the defendant (drug trafficker) may face 1-10 years of imprisonment and fines of about N1,000,000 for marijuana trafficking, while another may face more than 30 years in prison and fines of over N10,000,000 if convicted of trafficking in cocaine. It is also noteworthy to state that drug trafficking is often accompanied with murder and kidnapping of rival gangs or even innocent persons.

An important question to ask is "Why do people indulge in this act even when they know it's evil". To answer this question, below are some of the reasons for drug trafficking.


Reasons for drug trafficking

  1. Greed and the pursuit of money at all cost.
  2. Ignorance on the part of the drug trafficker
  3. Keeping bad friends and company 
  4. Joblessness and unemployment
  5. False prestige or wanting to be hailed by fellow peers
  6. Indiscipline on the part of the offender
  7. Corruption in the nation or state
  8. High demands of these drugs
  9. Improper upbringing of the offender


Consequences of Drug Trafficking

  1. Death, imprisonment and payment of fines on the part of the offender
  2. Bad reputation is ascribed to countries that indulge in it
  3. Increased level of corruption within a country
  4. It will promote other crimes and vices 
  5. Impacts negatively on the youths and even teenagers


Measures to preventing drug trafficking

  • More information and awareness on drug trafficking should be made
  • Availability of jobs and employment to the youths
  • Eradication (Reduction to barest minimum) of corrupt practices within a nation
  • Proper equipment should be given to the necessary agencies required to combat job trafficking (immigration personnel and police)
  • Eradication (Reduction to barest minimum) of poverty within the country or state
  • Appropriate penalties should be put in place against drug traffickers.

Amazing facts in Social Studies


The United Nations has six principal organs or arms. These are

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic and Social Council
  4. The Trusteeship
  5. The International Court of Justice
  6. The Secretariat

United Nations (UN) is the world body set up to promote peace and unity among the countries of the world. It officially came into existence on the 24th day of October, 1945 after it had been ratified by five permanent members of the Security Council and by the other 46 signatories. These permanent members are:

  1. United States of America
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Soviet Union
  4. Republic of China
  5. France

In total, the numerical strength of the United Nations at its inception was fifty one (51) States

The Headquarter of United Nations is in New York City. It is located in the Turtle Bay Neighborhood of Manhattan

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